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(en) Italy, UCDI #183 - Dying while working (ca, de, it, pt, tr)[machine translation]

Date Wed, 17 Apr 2024 09:00:10 +0300


It took the collapse of a beam in the Esselunga supermarket under construction in Florence, in via Mariti, where workers from as many as 60 different companies were working at the same time, to remind everyone of the effects of the repeal of that profit-saving rule of companies which prevented different economic and contractual treatments between workers from different subcontracting companies. Yes, because in via Mariti, the work had been fragmented among 60 different companies, dividing the various activities and distributing them among subcontractors, in order to allow profits for each of them thanks to the fact that they were able to pay less and less for labor and use it in conditions of increasing exploitation. In this flurry of presences, coordination and communications on the different and simultaneous construction site activities evidently did not work, with the result that the disaster struck 5 workers who remained under the rubble.
When, after a tiring excavation and research work, the firefighters found the bodies of the victims with great difficulty, it was discovered that one of them had Italian citizenship, others were Romanian immigrants and therefore community workers, still others were illegal immigrants, coming from North Africa.
Yes, because it's easy to spit on migrants and even to despise them, but when it comes to making them work on a starvation salary, without any guarantee of a social, social security or safety nature, then there are no problems and a situation can be easily closed. eye, actually two. The Minister of Infrastructure knows this well and as the major shareholder of the lobby of those who support the persistence of illegal emigration in the country and do everything to fuel the market of illegal immigrants circulating in the State, he rejoices because he knows he is fueling this such as that industrial reserve army that must provide low-cost labour, arms and lives, to entrepreneurs, so that they can make ever greater profits from the blood of workers. When we say this we are literally referring to the blood and flesh of workers, victims of deaths at work.
The immense and easy business profits would not be possible, nor would the low wages paid to construction workers be possible, if there were not a thriving black labor market, fueled by desperate people who offer their hands to survive and facilitated by which allow you to bypass every control, every rule and allow you to feast on the lives of workers, in order to make easy and lavish profits.
It will be said that we need to be guaranteeists, no summary trials; that we must wait for the results of the work of the judiciary, which will without a shadow of a doubt ascertain the responsibilities, ensuring that the guilty are punished. We, however, think that it is appropriate to talk about it, and a lot, first of all because we believe that even once the facts and responsibilities are correctly ascertained, those who committed them will emerge almost unscathed, as demonstrated by ongoing experiences ranging from the Thyssen deaths , to those of Viareggio, to Luana crushed by a warping machine, and those responsible for three deaths at work a day, because otherwise Italian prisons would only be saturated with murderers at work. But deaths at work are not a crime, they only have the effect of a deduction of 15 points out of 30 available for each company, to be recovered through a more than modest refresher course as preceded by the law prepared by the Government after the events in Florence to put a brake on the phenomenon.

A general phenomenon

In absolute terms, the number of deaths in our country is the second in the Union after that of France, but in relation to the population the situation is more serious in Romania, Luxembourg and Latvia. On the employers' side they persist in repeating that deaths at work are a physiological fact, proof of which is that the phenomenon is common to all European countries where accidents at work increased by 5.5% between 2020 and 2021 and injuries per 100,000 employed were 1,516. (2.88 million workplace accidents recorded in Europe in 2021. Of these, 3,347 are fatal). Indeed, Italy is not one of the countries that is worst in the ranking because in France the incidence is much higher, equal to 3,227 per 100,000 employed. The most numerous fatal accidents occur in Latvia and in Italy in 2022 the record for the highest incidence of work-related accidents goes to Liguria with 3,050.
During the pandemic we had deluded ourselves that there had been a decrease in accidents at work, but soon, with the full resumption of activities, we realized that it was the effect of the closures rather than the consequence of greater attention to safety. lives of workers, affected by accidents that lead to physical or mental damage during the execution of a work process, or during the journey between home and the workplace.
An effective policy to combat accidents at work cannot ignore considerations that concern the overall organization of the work activity, since the general conditions in which the work performance takes place, the execution times of the activities, also affect the dangerousness of the activities imposed by the employer, the required rhythms, piece work; all the factors which, by accelerating the execution time of the tasks, effectively force the worker to fail to follow the procedures and adopt precautions and protections, since they affect the execution times of the service and therefore on the remuneration and maintenance of the employment relationship itself Work.
Furthermore, workers are not always encouraged by their status to report accidents at work, due to poorly developed reporting systems, laws that do not sufficiently protect the worker or poor financial incentives, and the high costs of litigation. In any case, accidents at work must be communicated in a timely manner, since the worker or family has the right to receive compensation and possible compensation, as defined in Italy by Legislative Decree 81 of 2008.
The most immediate consequence of these factors is that not all workplace accidents are reported, although this issue mainly concerns non-fatal events, since fatal accidents are more difficult to hide or alter.
The different types of work involved recommend and require differentiated intervention by sector because the problems of safety at work are evidently different when we refer to workers employed by large companies or artisanal businesses, where often the worker himself, owner of the his self-exploitation,
refuses to take the necessary precautions in order to speed up processing times. However, with regard to work activities with a more complex and articulated organization, where entrepreneurs are present, it is necessary to guard against attempts to achieve economies of scale that allow faster execution times of the services, achieved by bypassing the precautionary procedures in the execution of tasks.
There is therefore a need for legislation differentiated by type of company and by sector that takes into account these specificities, keeping in mind that nothing is more important than the protection of life and that the price of the salary cannot be called into question the integrity of the worker or the worker. The protection invoked is easier where there is a union and the organization of workers with the aim of protecting the worker, it is certainly facilitated by the corporate structure and the configuration of the employment contracts and tenders that govern the execution of the works themselves. For this reason, one of the essential points of the dispute that workers can and must develop against employers for the protection of their health concerns the nature of the contracts that the employer company signs, since the organization derives from the clauses they contain. of work and the safety of the workers themselves.

E.P.

https://www.ucadi.org/2024/03/17/morire-lavorando/
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