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(en) Brazil, UNIPA: 60 years of the 64 coup and the PTista conciliation! (ca, de, it, pt, tr)[machine translation]

Date Mon, 15 Apr 2024 09:37:17 +0300

On this April 1st, we remember that 60 years ago the military, supported by Brazilian elites, reactionary sectors and Yankee imperialism, managed to carry out a coup d'état and established a bloodthirsty and violent military dictatorship. ---- We know the role that the military played in the Brazilian Republic. Despite a popular republican movement, it was the military who overthrew Dom Pedro II and started the Brazilian republic in 1889 with the clear objective of preventing the republican process from challenging the class privileges of the agrarian ruling class of the time.
However, there were several moments when military sectors rose up against their superiors. The Chibata revolt, tenentismo, Coluna Prestes, are examples of how military discipline found resistance in the lower layers of the armed forces at the time.

However, the coup of 64 realigned internal discipline on the right. This means that after the coup of 64, democratic and socialist soldiers were persecuted within the armed forces. More than 6,500 soldiers were persecuted and expelled from the Navy, Army and Air Force. If they persecuted their "colleagues in uniform", what they did to society was pure barbarity.

Movements such as the Peasant League were made illegal and their leaders were persecuted, hundreds of people were arrested without prosecution, around 8,350 indigenous people were murdered by the actions of the military, torture in warehouses, battalions and in the basements of the dictatorship. These persecutions, especially in the countryside, allowed the agrarian structure, with the concentration of land in the hands of a few, to remain. Thus, this structure, the absence of agrarian reform, is a legacy of the military dictatorship.

Despite the strong and heroic armed resistance, in several armed groups inspired by the Cuban experience, the military remained even stronger and brutally dismantled all attempts at resistance, where much of the militancy came from the student movement, from the UNE of the time, which fought bravely to overthrow the military dictatorship.

Redemocratization and Lula/PT conciliation

Brazilian redemocratization was once again a concession from the military. Therefore, unlike other redemocratization processes in our Latin America, the military did not pay for its crimes against the Brazilian people, on the contrary. The amnesty law allowed the armed forces to continue granting promotions to these criminals.

The PT is a party that was born during the dictatorship and drives movements against it. However, after 3 governments of this party in control of the bourgeois State, the punishment of the dictatorship's torturers did not progress, the military's tutelage remains, allowing only the "Truth Commission" that managed to expose the dictatorship's crimes, but without punishment. Now, Lula/PT has banned the Minister of Human Rights, Silvio Almeida, from carrying out acts that would remind those "persecuted by the dictatorship". A severe blow that makes it difficult to block the Armed Forces and hold agents involved in persecution and torture accountable.

Lula/PT's action is yet another symptom of class conciliation that affects his party and which accepts without fighting the military's tutelage over the Brazilian State and their permission for the PT to continue governing.

Punishment now for all the regime's torturers!
Dictatorship never again!
Socialism or barbarism!

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