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(en) France, OCL CA #338 - Fishing ecology, Manifesto for truly sustainable fishing Didier Gascuel (ca, de, fr, it, pt, tr)[machine translation]

Date Mon, 15 Apr 2024 09:36:28 +0300

Didier Gascuel is a Rennes academic specializing in marine ecology, working mainly on the impacts of fishing and climate change on the marine environment. This short book is his third on the theme of sustainable fishing. So why highlight this little essay in Courant Alternatif? At first glance, not much, especially since the author, probably close to the eco-reformists, takes the opportunity to tell us that good European fisheries policies depend on the "good vote"! Let's also look at the heaviness of certain terms used, like the one invented for the occasion and used in the title: "fishing ecology". So yes, despite these few details, this book is still of interest for several reasons.

On the one hand, the profession of fishermen is extremely criticized even though it is little known by a large majority of the population. Thus, the left in the broad sense only very rarely risks taking the side of this profession, often labeled as reactionary and "dolphin killer". However, there is not "one profession" of fishing, but "several professions". Indeed, without going into the caricature of "good and bad fishermen", there are in fact several types of fishing, from the industrial trawler, to the small coastal troller alone on his boat, including the scallop dredger. Each of its professions has its specificities, different impacts on the country's economy, impacts at various scales on resources and varied influences in political spheres (1). It is indeed difficult to navigate for the uninitiated, and it is therefore simpler to reduce it to a whole: sailors who take a natural resource. Faced with this overall lack of knowledge in society, it is very appreciable to read a clear, structured and educational speech on the subject. Didier Gascuel is a defender of small-scale fishing, whose impact on the environment linked to its activity remains almost anecdotal compared to its industrial competitor. It shows through "A+B" how this profession which generally offers a quality product suffers from industrialization, European and national decisions as well as environmental changes. There is currently very little substantive text dealing with the issues inherent to the life of fishermen, which is what the author does in this book.

On the other hand, while the profession is undergoing yet another fishing crisis, linked to the fleet exit plan led by Hervé Berville (2), Minister of the Sea, in February 2023, added to the increase in price fuel and the highly publicized closure of the Bay of Biscay to fishing to limit accidental captures of marine mammals, it is very appreciable to discover a text setting the record straight on the subject of public policies in terms of resource preservation , the future of the profession and political-industrial collusions within producer organizations.

1 - see the article from the Pleine Mer association on the representative elections for fishing in 2022:

2 - https://www.ouest-france.fr/mer/plan-de-sortie-de-flotte-en-bretagne-quarante- cinq-bateaux-vont-partir-a-la-casse-bcc38882-aec2- 11ed-bf2b-d38d35d717ba#&nbsp

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