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(en) France, UCL AL #334 - Antifascism, Anti-Semitism: The RN, from collaborators to conspirators (ca, de, it, fr, pt, tr)[machine translation]

Date Fri, 3 Feb 2023 10:21:42 +0200

For years, one of the Rassemblement National's main seemingly normalization efforts has focused on covering up its anti-Semitism. However, it remains at the heart of the far-right worldview, in particular by fueling conspiracy. ---- "De-demonization is only about anti-Semitism.[...]It is anti-Semitism that prevents people from voting for us. There is only that... From the moment you break this ideological lock, you release the rest.»[1]---- In 2014, Louis Aliot, then vice-president of the FN, put at the heart of his de-demonization strategy the end of the far-right party's association with anti-Semitism. On October 13, the same, who became RN mayor of Perpignan, decorated his city's medal Beate and Serge Klarsfeld, Nazi hunters in the post-war period.

On November 9, in the Assembly, the RN claimed the presidency of a working group on anti-Semitism, which would be responsible for carrying out studies on the subject, allowing for example to audition personalities, without granting funds to the party. leading or participating in the group.

A party created by former SS
The strategy of demonization carried out for years seems to have achieved its objective : to make people forget a crucial aspect in the history and thought of the National Front, such as, for example, the fact that the FN was founded in 1972 by a former SS [2]and number of collaborators, anti-Semites to the last degree.

This heritage is found in the unconditional defense of Pétain and in the more or less direct denial of the Shoah and the anti-Semitic crimes carried out by the Vichy regime, but also in the resumption of this vocabulary addressed to contemporary Jewish personalities. If it is Jean-Marie Le Pen who has most regularly made himself the spokesperson for these atrocities, having him condemned on several occasions for anti-Semitism (1986) and contestation of crimes against humanity (2018), he does not is not the only one [3].

Two current RN deputies have particularly distinguished themselves by their anti-Semitism : Frédéric Boccaletti (Var), founder of a bookstore selling numerous negationist works, and Bryan Masson (Alpes-Maritimes) who relays the theses of the "great replacement" on his social networks .

But in recent years, the RN has preferred to hide its visceral anti-Semitism behind a so-called past of resistance fighters and republicans, refocusing its own narrative on the defense of France against immigration, embodied according to them by the OAS during of the Algerian war.

The highlighting of their Islamophobia and their anti-Maghreb racism, yet equally shameful, has also enabled them to divert attention from the other forms of racism they embody, in particular anti-Semitism.

Another diversion, the growing support for Israel, notably led by Louis Aliot (him again) from 2011, with the Islamophobic justification according to which Israel, especially governed by the extreme right, would protect itself against the so-called "war of civilizations" led by the Islam, in the Middle East as in France.

The implicit idea is also that Israel would be the "true country" of the Jews, eternally foreign and foreign in France, and that it is therefore necessary to support its independence in order to be able to send them there ! But anti-Semitism returns at a gallop, as when Marine Le Pen spoke in 2017 of Macron as an "investment banker[qui]would serve an ambition" foreign to the good of France, as "globalist, oligarchic and ultra-Europeanist» [4]. A discourse implicitly incorporating a number of traditional words and clichés of anti-Semitism.

Jewesses and Jews, eternal strangers
Despite the facelifts, the old rancid background therefore comes out again and again. Anti-Semitic outings are not isolated "slippages": they are the expression of the ideology that irrigates the RN. Moreover, if Le Pen's party has polished its discourse, it is because other groups assume the most radical part of it: Zemmour and Reconquête, Yvan Benedetti and his French National Party, Soral, the Rivarol newspaper, the Catholics de Civitas, the monarchists of Action Française or the recently reformed GUD.

Beyond their differences, all these currents are found in anti-Semitism, which remains a fundamental matrix of far-right thought. Jews are thought of as foreigners by nature, who cannot belong to the "real country" theorized by Charles Maurras (an expression that is found in the idea of "French of stock" opposed to "French of paper") and who have no choice but to keep quiet or leave France.

When Macron plans to pay homage to the anti-Semites Maurras or Maurice Barrès, or when Darmanin promotes Napoleon's anti-Semitic policy in a book as an example of integration, it is because the right considers itself free to hold these discourses openly.

This idea joins that of many conspiracy theories, which present "the Jews" as a tight-knit community of enemies within who would pull all the strings, such as those of the "great replacement" which they would orchestrate to destroy Christian Europe. and white.

Without being so clear, these slogans are perfectly understood by the extreme right. Evidenced by the sign "Who? carried by Cassandre Fristot (former member and candidate in 2012 for the legislative elections for the National Front, also former chief of staff of Louis Aliot), or the denunciation of "bankers" and "global finance" against "the real economy" as well as that of enemies like the Rothschilds, George Soros, Jacques Attali, to whom disproportionate powers of influence are lent.

This discourse which claims to be social is an artificial means of diverting class opposition towards a conspiratorial and racist division of society which makes it possible to unite bosses and proletarians considered as French against Jews and Jews.

Macron's tributes to Maurras and Pétain
The anti-Semitism of the RN and of the entire extreme right is not an old fad associated with the 1930s and 1940s and whose supporters would have left the party with Le Pen senior: it is fundamental, always present, and this despite the efforts incessant facts to make people forget this sinister association with Nazism.

If the RN is less criticized today on this theme, it is not that it is absent: it is that the rest of the political class has become more tolerant on these issues.

When Macron plans to pay homage to the anti-Semites Maurras or Maurice Barrès, or when Darmanin promotes Napoleon's anti-Semitic policy in a book as an example of integration, it is because the right considers itself free to hold these discourses openly.

This is why we must be vigilant: giving free rein to anti-Semitism and especially to its most hidden expressions, is to offer an avenue to the strategy of demonizing the far right. The anti-racist and anti-fascist fight obviously involves the fight against anti-Semitism, by bringing it to light and by constant denunciation.

UCL Antifascist Commission and Antiracist Commission

To validate

[1]Valérie Igounet, The National Front from 1972 to the present day, Seuil, 2014.

[2]"50 years of F-Haine, a discreet anniversary", Alternative libertarian, October 2022

[3]Marine Turchi, "Founded by a former Waffen-SS, the RN seeks the presidency of a working group on anti-Semitism", Médiapart, November 9, 2022.

[4]Renaud Dély, "The "insensitive investment banker", this old anti-Semitic cliché that Marine Le Pen recycles for Macron...", Marianne, April 28, 2017.

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