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(en) Russia, AIT: Ukraine - mobilization and class contradictions (ca, de, it, pt, tr)[machine translation]

Date Sat, 21 Jan 2023 09:59:14 +0200

The fact that not all Russian citizens liable for military service are eager to go to the front is easy to find information on the Internet: just turn to search engines in Russian or in other languages. And what about the situation on the other side of the front line - in Ukraine? Is it possible that there, as Kyiv's official propaganda asserts, everyone, without exception, was seized by the militaristic spirit and ideas of "national unity" between the exploiters and the exploited? The site "Assembly", created by Kharkiv anarchists, spoke about the real situation . ---- The authors of the material "Mobilization - 2023", posted on the site, note several characteristic points. First of all, the military situation has become an excellent pretext for intensifying the exploitation of hired workers. "If on the first morning of the year in European countries everything is closed and asleep, then Ukrainian workers in the service sector and trade are far from them in terms of living standards. You can't afford much rest, so you have to work on weekends and holidays. , and until the very evening of December 31 they handed out (...) tickets for the film "Bakhmut: to see and die", and some drummers (...) have been doing this since the very morning of January 1".

In order to make it as difficult as possible for the population to receive information about where people are being caught for the sake of fulfilling their "patriotic duty", the popular telegram channel " Give subpoenas. Kharkiv " (95 thousand subscribers at the end of 2022) "disappeared for a whole week from the search results in it, along with similar ones in Kiev, Dnipro and Odessa. Then he returned again, but you can also subscribe via the link."

The authorities are adopting new regulations and laws that are designed to strengthen control over those liable for military service.

Thus, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine adopted Decree No. 1487 of December 30 on a new military registration procedure. "The main points," as the "Assembly" reports, "the Unified State Register of conscripts, those liable for military service and reservists will be created (...); a person liable for military service can be hired or studied only after presenting them with a valid military ID (...), or military registration; the management of enterprises is now not only obliged to notify employees of the draft and bring the order to them against signature, but also to hand over summonses to the army; diplomatic departments will keep military records among Ukrainians abroad and facilitate their return to Ukraine (.. .); all employment centers will provide information on unemployed conscripts".

Since December, amendments to the Law of Ukraine "On mobilization preparation and mobilization" regarding the reservation of those liable for military service have come into force. As the "Assembly" notes, "two key innovations have been established that business requested to organize this procedure: to give the government the authority to develop a new booking procedure (which should include criteria for classifying enterprises as critical) and to allow reservations to be made at enterprises that do not fulfill mobilization tasks, but critical for the functioning of the economy and the livelihoods of the population (...)

Thus, according to the new rules, reservations should receive:

- employees of state authorities, other state bodies or local governments, if it is necessary for the functioning of these bodies;

- enterprises, institutions and organizations that have a mobilization task, if necessary to fulfill this order;

- enterprises, institutions and organizations that specialize in the production of goods and the provision of defense services;

- enterprises, institutions and organizations that are critical for the normal functioning of the economy and ensuring the livelihoods of the population in a special period.

Therefore, those who are endowed with power and close to the trough exempt themselves from conscription virtually automatically, but those who fill the treasury for their maintenance will have to push their elbows for this right even after the Cabinet of Ministers approves the criteria for referring to the last group. The question is important, since the booked have the right to leave Ukraine - for which, in addition to the usual documents for crossing the border, an extract from the order of the Ministry of Economy (according to paragraph 5 of the Cabinet of Ministers of March 3, 2022 No. 194) and documents on a foreign business trip are needed.

"The fact that this will be a breeding ground for corruption is indicated by the bureaucracy that was going on with booking last year, even at critical infrastructure." So, on the railway it is almost impossible to get a "booking" for employees under 35 years old. Among communal services, "they willingly give reservations to officials, but not to workers." "If an employee can be replaced by a worker, and his military specialization is very necessary for the Armed Forces of Ukraine, then according to the new rules, he may not count on indulgence and a delay." "The reservation does not apply to doctors and pharmacists. Farm workers received it with a scratch." "According to lawyers, the list of enterprises who are "allowed to make reservations without performing mobilization tasks that are critical for the functioning of the economy and the livelihoods of the population"

One of the results of this situation, the "Assembly" emphasizes, will be "a further increase in informal employment": "because you can not rely on reservations everywhere, but you have to live for something." The site cites the words of Andrey Sitnikov, a Kharkiv lawyer: "In few countries you can find an enterprise with 100 employees, and only the watchman Uncle Vasya and the cleaner Aunt Dusya were officially registered, and in our country this is a massive phenomenon, both before the war and now. Moreover, the state itself contributes to going into the shadows. Everyone knows about the mass blocking of tax invoices, which contributed to the fact that they began to officially close, but in fact continue to work. Now it is impossible to work without military registration, but this is official, but in fact they work unregistered. I am silent, how many different workshops we have in industrial zones, kiosks, etc. they have been working for decades without formalization at all, even there is no sole proprietorship. Or does someone seriously believe that in a large supermarket chain half of the people work without registration and no one knows about it for years?"

But the capitalists will be able to save on social contributions and taxes." On December 15, Forbes magazine held a closed ceremony in Kyiv to award the best entrepreneurs of the year, reports Ammasbleya. - Who are these Atlanteans who straightened their shoulders in 2022? The founders of the New mail "Vyacheslav Klimov and Vladimir Popereshnyuk, who also won in the nomination" Forbes Audience Choice". Apparently, plowing on their terminals for 11-13 hours for 12-15 thousand hryvnias are not the audience of the publication, because they are hardly for these gentlemen Forbes especially notes that the NP intends to expand into the Polish market, where it did not have a single branch until September 2022, and that this is only the beginning of its planned expansion into Europe. and to whom the mother is related!

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