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(en) France, UCL AL #336 - March 8, On March 7, we go on strike, on the 8th we continue, on the 9th we do it again! (ca, de, fr, it, pt, tr)[machine translation]
Mon, 20 Mar 2023 09:35:20 +0200
For more than a month that we have been engaged in the fight against pension
reform, feminist themes have imposed themselves in the public debate:
precariousness at work, cut careers, miserable pensions. So, this year in
particular, March 8 appears to be a decisive milestone in the fight for our
collective emancipation. ---- Two days of consecutive strikes are taking shape
for Tuesday 7 and Wednesday 8 March. March 7 could be the starting point of the
renewable strike. Because this time it's not a question of stopping at one day
but of continuing the next day, the day after tomorrow and... and that's good,
because March 8 is the international day of struggle for women's rights. , the
step we expect towards the general strike. This date takes on more special
meaning this year because women will be the first victims of the pension reform.
Feminist analyzes make it possible to show a close link between the domestic
exploitation of women and their wage exploitation, and to show a continuum of
precariousness: double day - half salary - half retirement. Thus, if women are
the most affected by this reform, it is because they are the most precarious and
the least paid, in particular because of the gendered division of domestic work
and reproductive work.
WAGE EXPLOITATION, DOMESTIC EXPLOITATION
- Women have 40% fewer pensions than men, and we can add for the most skeptical
that inequalities are not disappearing with the coming generations. In the most
optimistic projections, there is still a 16% difference in 2037.
- 19% of women (against 10% of men) are already forced to push up to 67 to leave
without a discount.
- 82% of part-time workers are women.
- For 50 years, the duration of a validated career has been decreasing because
the level of study has increased and so has the precariousness of jobs.
- The average salary of women is 22% lower than that of men
- 50% of female workers are confined to 10 underpaid so-called feminized professions.
- 2/3 of domestic work is done by women.
Thus, the double day and the domestic exploitation of women is still relevant.
And this has a strong impact on the world of work. For example, it is still
overwhelmingly mothers who adjust to births (reduction in working hours,
interruption of activity) and then experience difficulties in finding an
equivalent position or even a position altogether.
ECONOMIC VIOLENCE, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
In fact, this confinement to the domestic sphere, often constrained and closely
linked to the precariousness of the positions occupied by women, has dramatic
consequences on the independence and financial autonomy of women, who are mainly
affected by ruined careers. And therefore, by extension, main concerned by
miserable pensions. The patriarchy is so accustomed to counting on the free labor
of women to function that when they hold jobs which are a continuation, in
salaried form, of domestic work (occupations of care and personal assistance,
education, cleaning etc.), they are underpaid, precarious, and their social
function devalued. These professions, although essential to society, are also
very strenuous and the cause of the development of many occupational diseases.
How long will women have to sacrifice their lives for the benefit of those of
others? The structural impoverishment of women and their dependence on their
spouse's income means that single women live in great poverty, especially at the
end of life: one single woman over the age of 65 out of 6 lives below the poverty
line. This economic violence must also be linked to spousal violence. At any age,
precariousness prevents people from fleeing violent spouses. Retired women also
represent 21% of feminicides. How long will women still have to choose between
living in misery or remaining dependent on a sometimes violent man?
VIOLENCE AGAINST LGBTI
Another issue of the anti-patriarchal mobilizations of March 8 was put on the
table: the fight against situations of discrimination experienced by LGBTI people
at work, which remain particularly high. According to the CGT, 1 in 3 people have
suffered discrimination in the last 5 years, 11% of homophobic acts reported have
taken place at work, and 47% of LGBTI people who are victims of discrimination
are at the time of employment or at their place of work. Ifop, in its 2022
Barometer on the inclusion of LGBT+ people, points to inequalities in career
development for 20% of LGBT+ people.
On January 17, 2023, the collect
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