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(en) France, UCL AL #336 - March 8, On March 7, we go on strike, on the 8th we continue, on the 9th we do it again! (ca, de, fr, it, pt, tr)[machine translation]

Date Mon, 20 Mar 2023 09:35:20 +0200

For more than a month that we have been engaged in the fight against pension reform, feminist themes have imposed themselves in the public debate: precariousness at work, cut careers, miserable pensions. So, this year in particular, March 8 appears to be a decisive milestone in the fight for our collective emancipation. ---- Two days of consecutive strikes are taking shape for Tuesday 7 and Wednesday 8 March. March 7 could be the starting point of the renewable strike. Because this time it's not a question of stopping at one day but of continuing the next day, the day after tomorrow and... and that's good, because March 8 is the international day of struggle for women's rights. , the step we expect towards the general strike. This date takes on more special meaning this year because women will be the first victims of the pension reform. Feminist analyzes make it possible to show a close link between the domestic exploitation of women and their wage exploitation, and to show a continuum of precariousness: double day - half salary - half retirement. Thus, if women are the most affected by this reform, it is because they are the most precarious and the least paid, in particular because of the gendered division of domestic work and reproductive work.

- Women have 40% fewer pensions than men, and we can add for the most skeptical that inequalities are not disappearing with the coming generations. In the most optimistic projections, there is still a 16% difference in 2037.
- 19% of women (against 10% of men) are already forced to push up to 67 to leave without a discount.
- 82% of part-time workers are women.
- For 50 years, the duration of a validated career has been decreasing because the level of study has increased and so has the precariousness of jobs.
- The average salary of women is 22% lower than that of men
- 50% of female workers are confined to 10 underpaid so-called feminized professions.
- 2/3 of domestic work is done by women.

Thus, the double day and the domestic exploitation of women is still relevant. And this has a strong impact on the world of work. For example, it is still overwhelmingly mothers who adjust to births (reduction in working hours, interruption of activity) and then experience difficulties in finding an equivalent position or even a position altogether.

In fact, this confinement to the domestic sphere, often constrained and closely linked to the precariousness of the positions occupied by women, has dramatic consequences on the independence and financial autonomy of women, who are mainly affected by ruined careers. And therefore, by extension, main concerned by miserable pensions. The patriarchy is so accustomed to counting on the free labor of women to function that when they hold jobs which are a continuation, in salaried form, of domestic work (occupations of care and personal assistance, education, cleaning etc.), they are underpaid, precarious, and their social function devalued. These professions, although essential to society, are also very strenuous and the cause of the development of many occupational diseases. How long will women have to sacrifice their lives for the benefit of those of others? The structural impoverishment of women and their dependence on their spouse's income means that single women live in great poverty, especially at the end of life: one single woman over the age of 65 out of 6 lives below the poverty line. This economic violence must also be linked to spousal violence. At any age, precariousness prevents people from fleeing violent spouses. Retired women also represent 21% of feminicides. How long will women still have to choose between living in misery or remaining dependent on a sometimes violent man?

Another issue of the anti-patriarchal mobilizations of March 8 was put on the table: the fight against situations of discrimination experienced by LGBTI people at work, which remain particularly high. According to the CGT, 1 in 3 people have suffered discrimination in the last 5 years, 11% of homophobic acts reported have taken place at work, and 47% of LGBTI people who are victims of discrimination are at the time of employment or at their place of work. Ifop, in its 2022 Barometer on the inclusion of LGBT+ people, points to inequalities in career development for 20% of LGBT+ people.

On January 17, 2023, the collect

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