(Eng) UPA Bulletin - part 3 (Cast)

Luis Prat (prat@chem.ucsb.edu)
Wed, 27 Mar 1996 10:23:24 -0800

Anonimous 2/22/96

Responsibility for two sabotages has been claimed in two telephone calls.
The first one in Toledo, against a Cajamadrid (bank) resulted in broken
glass windows, valued at 600,000 ptas. on 2/21. The second was against
animal exploitation at Acuario Xipho (Paseo del Prado 36): two glass windows
broken at 23:00 hrs on 2/20.

Madrid.UPA 3/6/96

According to Comite de Solidaridad de Almeria, the condition of prisoner
Fernando Hierro Chomon who's on a hunger strike is worrisome and he may
suffer serious damages since he's started to lose his sense of orientation,
his memory and he can't move. Hierro, imprisoned in El Acebuche (Almeria) is
on an indefinite hunger strike together with almost 30 political prisoners
of PCE(r) and GRAPO demanding the release of two gravely ill prisoners,
regrouping of prisoners and respect for the law inside the prisons. The
Comite asks for support and collaboration to demonstrate solidarity with the
prisoner by calling the prison (950 207011) or by fax (950 207202).

Madrid. UPA/egin/Eguzki Irratia 3/5/96

Almost 30 PCE(r) and GRAPO prisoners in spanish jails are on a hunger strike
demanding respect for their rights inside the prisons since January 9th.
T^he protest was suspended for two weeks (from 2/1 to 2/15) after reaching
an agreement between the inmates and the administration; however the
Penitentiary Institutions did not keep their end of the agreement forcing
the prisoners to restart the strike on 2/15. The protest aims to obtain the
release of two seriously ill prisoners, the reunification of political
prisoners and the release of those who have served 3/4 of their sentence.


For the moment attorneys have been able to confirm that there are 28
prisoners on hunger strike, six of whom are in their respective prison's
infirmaries. These are in serious condition, suffering weight loss,
dizziness, vomiting, loss of concentration and vision and urinary
infections. One of them is very thin and ill, with hardly any fat left in
his body so his organism has begun feeding upon muscular mass, which may
cause irreparable damage. The administration is pressuring the inmates to
stop the strike by means of transfering the striking prisoners to other
prisons which implies a worsening of their health, as well as keeping their
mail and telegrams, late night head counts and "scant medical attention" to
those strikers that quit the action.


Negotiations started on 1/31 in a meeting at the headquarters of
Penitentiary Institutions in Madrid between two of the prisoner's attorneys
and David Beltran, director general of prison affairs and a career
prosecutor, at his request. The administration's representative said that
the meeting would not be public and he would always deny that it took place
but added that the minister of Interior and Justice, Juan Alberto Belloch
and the Secretary of State for Prisons Affairs were informed. He explained
that the administration was ready to send the necessary reports so that the
judges of prison overseeing could release the most seriously ill prisoners
(Milagros Caballero Carbonell and Jose Manuel Perez Hernandez - see Molotov
#62). He agreed to study other cases of incurably ill inmates and the
situation of prisoners with most of their time served would be reviewed. As
far as the reunification the subsecretary said that dispersion was a measure
approved within the Pact of Aujuria Enea and Madrid with all the other
political parties therefore this administration could not do anything about
it. However, they agreed to at least keep prisoners in groups of two per
module which would end the total isolation in which they are. In exchange
the inmates would abandon the hunger strike. For several days there were
some gestures on the part of the institutions that indicated good will. Thus
a prisoner from Jerez saw how night searches, when prison officers would
turn the lights on and wake up the prisoners every two hours were stopped.
This prisoner's harrassment was so intense that he decided to add thirst
strike to the hunger strike. Also prison officers, following the kidnapping
of one of them by ETA had started a "permanent harrassment" against PCE(r)
and GRAPO prisoners that in certain cases meant witholding mineral water
from some of the strikers although they knew it was absolutely necessary.
These types of pressure also decreased. Thanks to the administration's
easing up, the attorneys were able to contact by telephone at least two
prisoners in two different jails. Isolation and communication difficulties
caused the quitting of the strike to take place in an escalated form, some
of the prisoners didn't believe the information and did not quit.


Since beginnings of February nearly 40 political prisoners quit the hunger
strike initiated a month before, although it wasn't publicized since
negotiations were still under way. The prisoners distrusted the
administration since they considered they could break the agreement any time
and then the prisoners would have to reinitiate the strike. The day of the
lethal attempt against PSOE member Fernando Mugica, Penitentiary Affairs was
supposed to send a favorable report to the judge so that he could apply
article 60 of prisons rules (release of seriously or terminally ill
prisoners) and liberate Milagros Caballeros, imprisoned in Picassent
(Valencia) who suffers from a neurological desease and can't walk. The
administration did not send the document. This was one of the main demands
of the strikers. On thursday 2/15 the PCE(r) and GRAPO inmates at Teruel,
Almeria, Carabanchel, Badajoz and Sevilla II restarted the protest.


One of the non-negotiable demands of the protest was the release of the two
most gravely ill prisoners. Apparently the administration has sent favorable
reports to the judges. Lawyers for J.M. Perez Hernandez met with Tenerife's
prison overseeing judge to secure his release, since he's, at 47, suffering
from senile dementia and has been in isolation in Tenerife's prison for
three and a half years. The judge decided to consult with the prosecution
and not oppose the release if that was the forensic doctor's recommendation,
so that now we are waiting for this certificate.

The fate of prisoner M. Caballeros has been different, she's been on a
wheelchair for five years, and her pruison overseeing judge has decided not
to apply atricle 60, arguing she's not "terminally ill" and he feels
pressured by the amount of letters and telegrams that have arrived at his
office asking for the prisoner's release. Truly this judge named Ernesto
Alberola has said he's against it due to an extra-legal reason: he has found
out about this in the press and nobody puts pressure on him. On March 1st,
in an interview with a Levante newspaper he asserted that "article 60 is
there to avoid people from dying in jail ... therefore her release will not
change". The judge says he asked for a report from the prison and was told
that "although she's not walking well her health is OK and of course she's
not dying". It is however surprising that in spite of the favorable report
from the Direccion General de Instituciones Penitenciarias the judge is
opposed to the release since that's not the norm.
Let's remember that on January 9th nearly 40 prisoners started a hunger
strike; they have been under medical surveillance since that day since the
administration knows the delicate state of their health due to previous
hunger strikes (in 1990 J.M. Sevillano died after 177 days without food,
prior to that in 1982 J.J. Crespo Galande died in another strike). In a
month the average weight loss was 6 kilos which made the situation
worrisome. This coincided with the start of the negotiations. The PCE(r)
(Partido Comunista Espan~ol reconstituido) and GRAPO (Grupos de Resistencia
Antifascista Primero de Octubre) prisoners have been in hunger strike since
1/9 till 2/1/96 for the reunification of political prisoners and the release
of those seriously ill. They arrived at an agreement with Instituciones
Penitenciarias according to which Juan Manuel Perez Hernandez and Milagrpos
Caballeros Carbonell would be set free inmediately since they are incurably
ill, and the remaining prisoners would be place in twos. When February 15th
came about without IIPP (Penitentiary Institutions) doing any of what was
agreed upon, the prisoners have restarted the hunger strike.

T.N. The following is an english translation which appeared in the original:

he political prisoners of the reconstituted communist party
of spain (P.C.E.r) and the resistance groups first of october
(GRAPO) went on a hunger strike asking for the excarcelation
of Juan Manuel Perez Hernandez and Milagros Caballero Carbonel
who suffer an incurable illness(as well as for those who have
gone through their complete sentences). These prisoners also
demand that those in the same prison should be put in cells in
the same gallery.
The autorities made an approach and promised to excarcelate
the ill prisoners. Up to the 15th fo february they still had
not cumpled with their promises. And the prisoners have begun
once more the hunger strike. We call the solidarity from those
who believe and fight for a more just and free society.
You can send telegrames supporting the prisoners on strike to:


or you cand send some donation to

Cuenta Corriente: 000047130

@@@@@@@@@@ ****
* /\ *
Luis J. Prat * /__\ *
* / \ *
University of California * *
Chemistry Dept. ****
Santa Barbara CA 93106
(805) 893-3295
(805) 893-4120 FAX

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greedy murderers and polluters
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