Arm The Spirit (
Wed, 27 Mar 1996 13:18:14 +0100

About a thousand children, most of them school children, marched
from Mazatlan Villa de Flores, Oaxaca, to Mexico City in order to
demand that classes be resumed. Their communities have been under
siege for several months by PRI members and "guardias blancas"
supported by governor Carrasco and all the teachers have left.

March 16 to 18


PRODH made public its new report "Guerrero 95: death and
repression" documenting the violent events which occurred in the
state of Guerrero during 1995. According to this report, 120
cases concerned murder which was the most common violation.


In a new report about violence in the Huastec region of Veracruz
and Hidalgo, PRODH denounces the serious human rights situation
in this part of the country and states that it may soon be
converted in another 'black spot' due to predominant abuse by the
police and the military.


The State Human Rights procurator of Baja California sent the
National Human Rights Commission the case of three young people
who were shot at by soldiers as they entered the military
barracks of Aguaje de la Tuna, where one of them was also beaten.
Two of them lay in hospital in critical conditions.


Individuals in army attire have been causing panick in Yesca,
Nayarit. They sacked houses and fired shots, they forced the
inhabitants to give them food, blankets and whatever they find.


>From January to March the cases of violence against children have
increased. 181 violations against children of nine years and less
have been reported, including 37 babies and nine cases of the
abuse of girls. In the last two months, 225 cases of mistreatment
against minors has been reported, which includes 495 children
from Baja California. The ages of the children were between 5 and
9 years old.


Israel Esteva, from the National Commission of Human Rights
(CNDH) stated that public officials and government institutions
are orchestrating a campaign against Human Rights NGO's.


Some 200 Metro tradesmen denonced that the police arrested eight
of their fellowmen, two of them minors, and brought them to the
police station. Their relatives appealed to the National Human
Rights Commission.


The president of the Commission for the Defence of Human Rights
reported that a death squad is active in this state, and it is
composed by masked policemen who are operating as presumed


The EZLN stated that the Army has increased its land and aerial
mobilization in the Selva and Altos regions of Chiapas. This has
caused tension in several Indian communities.

March 19


Orlando Dante Benitez and Martin Ramirez, Tabasco's cleaning
workmen have been now 57 days in hunger strike and their
condition is critical. They are planted in front of the national
human Rights Commission hoping that it may give a recommendation
about the human rights violations that hundreds of cleaning
workmen have suffered.

March 20


In order to confront organizad crime, president Zedillo proposed
a package of measures the most important of which are:

- the collaboration between government agencies
- telephone taps of suspects
- vigilance by video
- the decrease of legal age that a person can be convicted from
18 to 16 years
-the infiltration of the police in criminal organizations and
rewards for those who detect and accuse delinquents

The danger of these measures is that they restrict several
individual guarantees and that they may be used politically in
the repression of social and opposition organizations.


Several NGOs have condemned the presumed existence of a black
list of newspapers and journalists who will not be assigned
governmental information from the Ministry of the Interior. This
means that the government is manipulating information according
to its interests.

Sources: Servicio Diario de Informacion de Derechos Humanos en
Mexico (SIDIDH) del Prodh, Proceso, La Jornada, El Financiero and

** End of text from cdp:reg.mexico **


Date: Thu, 21 Mar 1996 06:46:38 -0800 (PST)
From: Paul deArmond <>
Subject: 3 articles from 3/25/96 _Army Times_

Cover Story - First in a Two Part Series

"Hate in the Army" by Regina Galvin ( _Army_Times_, 25 March
1996 )

Fort Bragg, N.C. - Spec. Michael Fallon wasn't your typical 82d
Airborne Division soldier.

On duty, he looked like any other trooper wearing the red beret
of the "All American" division. But after hours, Fallon assumed
another identity.

Doffing his Battle Dress Uniform in favor of a uniform of a
different sort, Fallon would put on his Doc Marten boots, rolled
up jeans and red suspenders. His shirt covered a body adorned
with nipple rings and an extensive collection of tattoos,
including one of which he was particularly proud -- a racial
symbol on his forearm representing white pride.

Fallon was one of several "skinhead" soldiers at Fort Bragg,
N.C., who was subjected recently to disciplinary action following
several investigations into extremist activity at the post. In
addition to an internal 82d Division probe and one by the
Criminal Investigation Division (CID), the Army launched its own
investigation following the alleged racially motivated slayings
of two black Fayetteville residents, Jackie Burden and Michael
James on Dec 7, 1995.

PFC James Burmeister and PFC Malcom Wright, fellow soldiers and
acquaintances of Fallon, were charged with the killings. A third
soldiers, Spec. Randy Meadows, was charged with conspiracy to
commit first-degree murder.


Accusations by rank-and-file soldiers as well as critical reports
in the national media suggest that a command climate existed in
the 82d Division that tolerated extremism within the ranks.

Daniel Voll, author of an article in the April issue of _Esquire_
magazine entitled, "A Few Good Nazis," said that the level of
knowledge the Army had -- and did nothing about -- was "alarming
at the very least."

"They had information as much as a year and four months ago,"
Voll told _Army_Times_. "Tom Rivenburgh, the chief of police
from Burmeister's home town, had notified the Cumberland County
District attorney, who in turn notified the Provost Marshal's
office at Fort Bragg to alert them that Burmeister was involved
in a plot [to kill a police official.]"

According to Voll, military officals ignored the information.

Voll also said that on Aug. 28, 1995, the FBI contacted Fort
Bragg's Criminal Investigation Division to inquire about the kind
of access Burmeister had to explosives, saying it had taped
evidence that Burmeister was plotting to transport a bomb across
state lines.

_Esquire_ magazine also says that soldiers were allows to display
Nazi paraphernalia on their walls with impunity.


In an interview with _Army_Times_, Fallon said that his chain of
command knew about the flags, and not until after the slayings of
James and Burden was there a problem with it. "I had a Nazi
recruiting poster on the wall, and during a barracks check my
captain translated it for me," Fallon said.

Capt. Andrew Weate, commander of Headquarters/Headquarters
Company, 2d Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment, Fallon's
former unit, said that he did translate a poster, but that it
didn't have any Nazi symbolism on it.

"I saw the poster and asked him if he knew what it meant," Weate
said. "He said no, so I told him. I can't remember the exact
phrase, but it had to do with work and dedication to self and
service. It wasn't a Nazi poster."

Fallon's chain of command said there were no flags on the wall at
the time of Weate's conversation with Fallon.

Weate said he took note of the poster because he thought it was
the same poster his high school German teacher had in his

Lt. Col. Karl Horst, Fallon's former battalion commander, said
that after the slayings of James and Burden, investigators
identified Fallon as a skinhead. Horst said he gave Fallon a
counseling statement. "I told him to cease and desist all
activities," Horst said.

However, on Jan. 28, Fallon disobeyed a direct order by
participating in what the 82d Airborne Division called a
"staged-for-the-media" photo session with _Esquire_ magazine.
That act eventually led to his ouster from the Army.


Fallon sees himself as a scapegoat because of his friendship with
Burmeister. "They [the Army] needed to find some scapegoats of
people who know Burmeister," he said. "Now that they found us,
they're trying to get rid of us."

CID also questioned Fallon about another fellow 82d Division
soldier, Spec. Steve Guinn. Guinn, who is with the 1st
Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment recently was recalled
from a bomb school at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida.

Guinn said he has requested to be chaptered out of the Army. "I
felt I've been blacklisted and my military career is over.
Therefore I no longer want to serve in the U.S. Army or serve
under the command of anyone who wished to question my integrity."

In a sworn statement to CID, Fallon identifies Guinn as a
one-time Confederate Hammer Skin, an extremist, racist group of
skinheads based in Dallas. According to a 1992 CID report,
Confederate Hammer Skins have provided security for a Ku Klux
Klan march.

"He [Guinn] often said that the reason he joined the infantry was
to better prepare for the 'Great Race War,'" according to
Fallon's statement.

"I think Burmeister committed the murders to prove himself to
Guinn. Burmeister seemed to idolize Guinn," Fallon told the CID.

Fallon also was asked about a spider tattoo Guinn was said to
have. Spider tattoos are popular among neo-Nazi skinheads. The
tattoo indicates a member has killed for the cause, slaying, for
example, a gay person or a minority, say experts familiar with
such groups.

"We are talking about spider web tattoos and how they meant that
you killed someone. Guinn's statement to that was, 'Been there,
done that, got the T-shirt,'" Fallon stated to CID.

Guinn denied Fallon's accusations. "I think Mike Fallon was
trying to cover his own tracks to take the heat off himself," he
told _Army_Times_. "What's ludicrous is that someone who is
supposed to be so close to the cause would sell his own brother
out." Guinn said that the spider design on his elbow "is just a


Spec. Joshua Spaid, another in Fallon's circle of friends
identified by the CID as a skinhead, said he also has been used
as a scapegoat, this despite the fact that during a March 13 ABC
"Primetime Live" broadcast he was pictured giving a Nazi salute
in his barracks. Spaid's picture also appeared in _Esquire_.

"Before the shooting, everyone was left alone. No one was ever
bothered. Then the shooting came out. All of a sudden everyone
was investigated," Spaid said.

Fallon first met Spaid last summer after seeing him in the post
exchange wearing thin red suspenders and sporting a newly shaved
head. Last May, Spaid had gone AWOL from his unit, Headquarters
Service Battery, 2d Battalion, 319th Airborne Field Artillery

"I wanted out. I didn't fit in," Spaid said. Instead of being
released, he was given 45 days extra duty by his commander at the
time. Soon thereafter, Spaid said, he became a skinhead.

"I don't want my race to commit genocide. I want my children to
grow up with the same freedoms I had. I don't want them growing
up in an all-black neighborhood," Spaid said.

Spaid said the white race is superior to others. He said he
isn't a neo-Nazi, but he frequently exchanges Nazi-style "Sieg
Heil" salutes with his friends.

"Basically, when we do the Sieg Heil, it's a lot of white pride.
We're saluting each other," Spaid said.

After he was identified by CID as a skinhead, Spaid volunteered
his personal philosophy to his battalion commander, Lt. Col.
George McFarley. McFarley said he told Spaid to stop
participating in skinhead activities.

"Spaid was not a stellar soldier. Possibly he was substandard,"
McFarley said. McFarley portrayed Spaid as someone who would not
take initiative, showed up drunk for duty on occasion and had
difficulty completing tasks.

"Within my first 60 days [of command], I started discharge
proceedings," said McFarley, who last summer took over command of
the battalion Spaid was in.

"I wasn't a perfect soldier, most of the time I was a damn good
soldier," Spaid said.

"Good soldier and a racist?" McFarley said, "It's an oxymoron."


In December, the Army announced that it had formed a task force
to assess the service's racial climate. Led by Maj. Gen. Larry
Jordan, the Army's deputy inspector general, it has traveled
throughout the United States, Europe and Korea. Spaid said he
thought the investigation would result in "a few guys getting
kicked out of the Army."

Despite allegations that racist behavior was evident long before
the slayings, both McFarley and Horst said there were no outward
manifestations of extremist behavior within their ranks.

There also had been no equal opportunity complaints against
either Fallon or Spaid, nor had anyone from their respective
units complained about their attire or attitude to the chain of
command. Action would have been taken, said McFarley and Horst.

Meanwhile, the two commanders in the 82d are frustrated by what
they see as media sensationalism of a tragic crime.

Horst said that he had been told by one of his battalion
commanders that the soldiers photographed in the _Esquire_
article had been paid $600 each.

The soldiers, Fallon, Spaid and Specs. Steven Manseu, Sean
Brownfield and Gary Fox, all members of the 82d, participated in
a photo shoot with freelance photographer Antonin Kratochvil.

Fox was the only soldier involved who is not believed to be a

In a sworn statement to the Fort Bragg Criminal Investigation
Division, obtained by _Army_Times_, Fallon is quoted as saying
that he wasn't paid by _Esquire_.

"When we were done talking, [Voll] asked us if we would be
willing to be photographed in our skinhead clothing with some
flags and posters in the background," Fallon said in his
statement. "I didn't see a problem with it, but I told [Voll]
that my flags and banners were at home in Pennsylvania with my
brother. [Voll] asked me if I could have it sent back down for
the photo shoot."

Voll said that _Esquire_ merely reconstructed activities that had
gone on for months in the barracks. Voll vehemently denies
payment for the photos.

"_Esquire_ would not, did not and would never suggest payment for
the pictures," Voll said. "For the Army to have its chain of
command engage in such misinformation makes a mockery of the
murder of the two civilians."

"I feel bad for disgracing my unit," Fallon said about being
chaptered out of the Army because he posed for _Esquire_.
However, a day before his discharge, Fallon freely posed with his
Nazi flags for _Army_Times_.

Horst said that all the media atttention is going to soldiers
like Fallon while good troops are being ignored.

What effect has all the media attention had on the morale of
those good troops? "They are pissed off," said Horst.

{end Part 1}


Date: Sat, 23 Mar 1996 20:56:16 -0800 (PST)
From: Bob Witanek <bwitanek>
Subject: German Neo-Nazi Said to Have Killed Five People

March 22, 1996

German Neo-Nazi Said to Have Killed Five People


BONN, Germany -- A 27-year-old extreme rightist who claimed to
have murdered five people over nine months -- one of them a woman
wearing a badge that said "Nazis out" -- was arrested on
Thursday, the police said.

He was identified by the police only as Thomas L. from the town
of Gladbeck. State prosecutors in Recklinghausen, where he is
being held, said that there was no apparent pattern to the
killings beyond the killer's insistence under questioning that he
was inspired by Odin, a Norse god who figures highly in Germanic

"He simply reacted to anything that upset him, making himself the
sole arbiter over life and death," said prosecutor Hans-Christian

"He kept on saying that Odin directed him."

Police declined to say whether they regarded the man as
clinically mentally ill.

Investigators said that the man had been a known member of
various extreme right-wing organizations, including the Free
German Workers' Party, a group of around 400 people who modeled
themselves on Hitler's Nazis and claimed to seek the overthrow of
the state. It was outlawed in 1995 as Germany continued a
crackdown on extreme rightists to counter a wave of neo-Nazi
violence following reunification in 1990.

The case began to unfold last Saturday, the police said, when the
neo-Nazi went to the home of a former comrade who had turned
police informer and shot the man to death with a pump-action
shot-gun. The police arrested him on Sunday.

Copyright 1996 The New York Times Company

* * * * *

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