(eng)Summary of U$ Military Involvement in Chiapas/Mexico

The Anarchives (tao@presence.lglobal.com)
Thu, 28 Dec 1995 00:18:22 +0000 (GMT)

-------------- Enclosure number 1 ----------------

* 25 military vehicles from the US crossed the border at
Ciudad Juarez the previous day. (December 6, 1995 Diario de

*Secretary of Defense William Perry maintained that his
country will collaborate in the improvement of our defense
capacity in air and maritime space in the modernization of
military hardware and in the improvement of personnel for
combating the drug trade. He insisted that the bilateral
relationship, aided before on two bases--the political and
commercial-now will also be founded on one more, that is, on
the question of security. After pointing out commercial and
economic collaboration--such as the NAFTA and the recent aid
Mexico received due to the economic crisis of last December-
-the chief of the US Armed Force maintained, ''when it comes
to stability and security, our destinies are also
indissoluble linked. " Members of the United States
retinue asserted that Mexico bought a radar worth seven
million dollars as well as 12 Huey-H1 helicopters to fight
drug trafficking. (La Jornada, October 24, 1995)

* The US wants to rent 12 Huey helicopters to Mexico (New
York Times, September 24, 1995)

* The government of President Ernesto Zedillo has requested
the purchase of airplanes, armament, radars and
communication systems worth a total of $27 million to
reinforce the capacities of the Armed Forces and Federal
Attorney General. see attached list (El Financiero, August
29, 1995)

*In 1991, the United States Army donated a total of 609
vehicles and diverse war material to the [Mexican] Armed
Forces La Jornada, July 1995

*Mexico's U.S. supplied military helicopter fleet could be
nearly doubled, to almost 200, by Pentagon transfers,
including several dozen state of the art Blackhawk choppers.
(New York Times May 23, 1995)

*Mexican army has been spending "considerable amounts" on
Navstar GPS guidance systems, a critical weapon in satellite
warfare (Jane's 1995 Intelligence Review

* From 1988 to 1992 the US exported over $214 million in
arms to the PRI government, an amount 16 times higher than
France, the second-place supplier (El Proceso, December 12,

*In 1994 Clinton authorized a new arms export package for
Mexico, including over $64 million of sophisticated
electronic equipment and satellite guided UH-60 Blackhawk

*U.S. Huey and Bell 212 helicopters along with C-130
Hercules troop transport planes were used against the
Zapatistas in 1994

*In Nogales, Arizona, the INS practiced responding to an
"immigrant invasion from Mexico". They practiced erecting
cyclone-fence corrals, herding immigrants through them for
emergency processing and loading them onto bus convoys for
travel to mass detention centers. It is the third set of
exercises this year---previously conducted in Orlando and
McAllen, Texas. Immigrants eventually could be held in
prisons, military bases or tent cities. (New York Times,
December 8, 1995)

* Donald E. Schulz, an associate professor of National
Security with the US Army's War College stated that "a
hostile government could put the US investments in danger
[in Mexico], jeopardize access to oil, produce a flood of
political refugees and economic migrants to the north. And
under such circumstances, the United States would feel
obligated to militarize its southern border." (December 6,
1995 La Jornada)

* A US contingency plan "to contain a possible wave of
immigrants... provides military logistical support to the
Border Patrol, training exercises [by the INS and the Border
Patrol], detention of immigrants in inactive military bases
and construction of concrete barricades on the border with
Mexico. A pilot project to detain 380 immigrants for up to
18 months is planned for Miramar Naval Station near San
Diego. Training exercises covering actions in the
countryside, the rapid processing of undocumented persons
and their transportation to detention centers were to be
carried out in Nogales, Arizona and McAllen, Texas during
November. (November 12, 1995 El Financiero)

*A senior US defense official briefly mentions that there
are "routine exchanges of officers attending [US] military
schools and [Mexican] military schools", and that "[US]
senior officers visit Mexico as part of the US Capstone
program. The Mexican military routinely visit the US'
National Defense University". (October 20, 1995 press

*There are US advisors "preparing" counterinsurgency
commandos or paramilitary groups among indigenous
organizations not affiliated with the Zapatistas in order
that they, at the appropriate time, struggle against the
Zapatista Army of National Liberation...The [Mexican]
government has replaced the "armed wing" with the federal
Attorney General and state public security bodies, led by
"old masters" such as General Arturo Acosta Chaparro [who
directed the army's massacre of students in xxx on October
2, 1969, and who was trained in the US' School of the
Americas]... (La Jornada, November 7, 1995, article
regarding Radio Universidad's interview with Sub. Marcos)

* Major (later Lieutenant Colonel) Propp is named as the
head of a Secret or Covert Operations team operating since
June 1994 in Chiapas. He was detected in San Cristobal de
las Casas since that time and was in Guadalupe Tepeyac with
the Mexican military unit that took that village on February
10, 1995. He also was seen in San Quintin..It is confirmed
that the United States government interfered in
communications amongst the EZLN delegation to the dialogues
in San Andres and passing the information to the
government's delegation. Another report is that the United
States Army is acting as an intermediary in bringing
Argentinean mercenaries to Chiapas; people have reported
them with the paramilitary groups, the "white guards". (La
Brecha de Uruguay, interview with Sub. Marcos, Oct. 28,

*Major John Kevin Kord, and Lieutenant Colonel Alan Hasson
Sanchez are US military men identified as being in Chiapas
during the Mexican military offensive in February. (El
Norte Chiapas, February 12, 1995)

*"American intelligence services" actively assisted in
determining the (alleged) identity of Zapatista leader
subcomandante Marcos (New York Times, February 10, 1995)

*[FBI] staff in Mexico participate in training Mexicans, in
the development of common strategies against organized
crimes and in the prosecution of crimes involving American
citizens, stated Paul Bresson, spokesperson for the FBI.
The head of the FBI team in Mexico is Stanley Pimental, and
he has a handful of special agents working under him
including James Wells, Gilberto Contreras and Ornelo Flores.
Mexico is one of 21 countries in which the FBI operates and
has one of the largest staff--approximately 10 people. (El
Financiero, November 6, 1994)

*The CIA fields a substantial, expanding network of agents
and covert operatives in southeastern Chiapas (ex-CIA
officers John Stockwell and Ralph McGehee)

Consolidated list of Equipment Needs to Combat Drug
Trafficking By the Distinct Entities of the Federal

Published by El Financiero, August 29, 1995

1. Secretary of National Defense (Sedena)
Purchase of Radars $72
Phase III TPS-70, Radar TPS-63
Phase IV TPS-70

Electrical, Hydraulic and Sanitation Infrastructure
$ 9,564,729
for the three radar sites

Communication equipment for the three $
radar sites

2. Secretary of the Navy
Purchase of 2 Dornier 228-212 airplanes with
Flir night vision equipment, Comint Communication
System and Ocean Master Radar

Purchase of 15 Search and Detect Equipment with $
Flir ANIAAQ-21 Night Vision and Sparry Primus 500
Radar Detection Equipment

Purchase of 2 BO 105 CBS Super Five Helicopters
and 11,987 M-16-A2 Automatic rifles, 5.6X 45 millimeter

Purchase of 5 MI-8 Helicopters equipped with Flir
$ 8,750,000
night vision, Comit communication systems and Ocean
Master radar

3. Federal Attorney General (PGR)
Equipment for a Satellite Network
Master Station and Remote stations for 52 $
connection sites
Afis System to make idenfications from $
fingerprints, voice prints, and aliases
Security Equipment for voice, fax and data $
Fail-safe computer system (hardware & sofware)$

Center for Drug Control Planning (PGR)
Hardware and software and encoded telephone $ unknown
and fax equipment for communications

National Institute to Combat Drugs
VHF-FM radios, HF-ALE radios and airplanes, $
information equipment

General Director of Aerial Services
3 Factory-Services UH-IM helicopters
and parts
2 Donated Kaman SH-2G helicopters
2 Donated Grumman E-2C helicopers $
Funds to Repair Bell 206/02615/212
Funds to repair fumigation equipment $
Training and specialized courses for $
Supply of parts, repairs and aerial equipment
to provide ground support to the general fleet
of the PGR
Support for the renovation and maintenance of
$ 1,500,000
rural bases
2 Flight Simulators
Security Equipment for Technical Personnel $
and Pilots

GRAND TOTAL $237,000,000
( based on an article from La Jornada, August 21, 1995)


2000 HUMMER Armored troop transport vehicles


7 ARAVA planes
100 HUMMER Armored vehicles
100 MACK armored artillery vehicles
5 MACK-TALLER armored vehicles


710 HUMMER Armored Vehicles
60 M925 A2 5 Ton Tactical Trucks
2 SIKORSKY Helicopters
13 PILATUS PC-7 Planes
4 PORTER Turbo Planes

(Vehicles and war materials donated by the US Army)
400 Jeeps
32 Ambulances
106 Pickup trucks
15 Transport Trailers
15 Water trucks
11 Ambulances

597 HUMMER Armored Vehicles
10 McDONNELL DOUGLAS Helicopters
4 ARAVA Planes
15 MAULE Planes
1000 Parachutes for Paratroopers
424 HK-19 3-40mm Machine guns ("for military units in
the southeast")
430 HIGH EXPLOSIVE Grenades (same destiny)
26 COBRA I anti-riot vehicles


1600 HUMMER Armored troop transport carriers
5 Rapid Attack Vehicles
221 CLE vehicles
332 HK-19 3-40mm machine guns
266 Electric prods
4585 Night sticks
21 Electric shields
84 Anti projectile "escopetas"
17,784 HK-19 Grenades
22,200 Tear Gas Grenades
26 COBRA I Anti-riot vehicles
26 CADILLAC armored cars

(Purchases of armament ideal for land and jungle combat)
6 SIKORSKY Helicopters
17 PILATUS PC-7 Planes
38 BELL Helicopters
2 BELL-206 Planes
16 MAULE Planes
4 ARVANA Planes
1 HERCULES C-130 Plane
10 Artillery weapons for BELL Helicopters
10 Artillery weapons for MD-530 Helicopters

(Field Equipment, Rations and Night Vision)
660,000 combat rations
660,000 combat rations
473,000 field sets
120,000 Army belts
102,000 KEVLAR helmets
70,000 Canteens
70,000 USA model mess kits
2,232 AITOR survival knives
2,232 Machetes
20,672 Flack jackets
608 LASER targets
208 telescopic lens for night vision
3297 HUMMER Troop armored vehicles
110 MACK armored vehicles
168 DNC-1 Vehicles
90 DN-2 Armored vehicles
57 RAM CHARGERS converted into VHS-WT-500

Donations of Arms and Weaponry

270 MK-1 cohetes
500 BUNDICE lanzacohetes
859 HK-19 40mm Machine guns
500 Semiautomatic rifles
374 38 calibre escopetas
192,874 M430 40mm calibre grenades
40,000 M918 40mm calibre grenades
85,678 M781 40mm calibre grenades
109 Telescopic lens

Donations for the Military Police
2516 Anti-riot
2233 Granade carrier
3466 Gas masks
2974 Night sticks
2993 Helmets
1365 Electric shields
3266 Flame throwers
100 Anti-riot
100 Anti-riot
30 CL vehicles with catapult
30 Vehicles with BULLDOZER to dissipate protests or

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