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(en) EZLN, 5 Communiques - summary of the struggle in San Andres April 8 to 11

From MichaelP <papadop@PEAK.ORG>
Date Sun, 11 Apr 1999 15:35:16 -0400


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#1 Communique From the Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee,
        General Command of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation.
Mexico.
April 8, 1999.
To the People of Mexico:
To the Peoples and Governments of the Worlds:
The EZLN speaks its word on the latest incidents that have occurred in the
Southeastern Mexican state of Chiapas:
First. - On Wednesday, April 7, 1999, in the morning hours, armed forces
from the so-called "Public Security Police of the State of Chiapas," took
by assault the San Andres Sakamch'en de los Pobres Municipal President's
office, the place where the Autonomous Municipal Council (elected
democratically in accordance with the uses and customs of the indigenous
communities) worked, and seat of the San Andres dialogues between the
federal government and the EZLN.

Second. -  By doing this, the federal and state governments imposed an
illegitimate and illegal municipal presidency, with members of the dying
chiapaneco Institutional Revolutionary Party, they set up a garrison of
armed police, and they began a braggadocio-ridden propaganda campaign of
having "dismantled" another zapatista Autonomous Municipality.

Third. -  Today, before 24 hours of the cowardly and premeditated
dislocation of the democratic council had gone by, EZLN support bases, all
tzotzil indigenous, and in numbers greater than 3000 - peacefully re-took
the facilities of the San Andres Sakamch'en de los Pobres presidency, and
they settled there in order to watch over their democratically elected
government.  Seeing themselves greatly outnumbered, and owing to the
presence of the media, the police fled the scene of the incidents.

Fourth. -  Subsequent to these events, the federal and state governments
have begun a series of movements of federal troops and federal and state
police, for the purpose of retaking - by blood and fire - the seat of San
Andres.

Fifth -  In a parallel fashion, the federal and state governments have
begun a media campaign aimed at blaming the Democratic Revolutionary Party
(PRD) and the Diocese of San Cristobal for being those responsible for the
actions of the indigenous.

Neither the PRD nor the Diocese of San Cristobal had anything to do with
it.  This peaceful action is by the EZLN support bases, and it represents
one more protest to the federal and state governments for their failure to
carry out the San Andres Accords, signed by the federal government and the
EZLN more than 3 years ago.

Sixth. -  Through this Wednesday's violent actions - when the police took
the San Andres municipal facilities - the government is trying to deliver
the coup de grace to the possibility of dialogue as a solution to the
military conflict.

Seventh. -   We are calling on national and international civil society to
mobilize in order to prevent the government from repeating their violent
actions, and for the government to definitively renounce the use of force,
and to carry out the accords it signed.

Eighth. -  We call on all honest persons to support our zapatista brothers
and sisters in the defense of the seat of the peace dialogue.

Ninth. -  We zapatistas want to make it quite clear that we will not
abandon the ultimate symbol of a peaceful solution to the conflict:  San
Andres Sakamch'en de los Pobres.  By attacking San Andres, the government
has made it clear that it is not giving up its idea of violent action as a
response to our just demands.  History repeats itself:  the government for
war and the EZLN for peace.

Democracy!
Liberty!
Justice!

>From the mountains of the Mexican Southeast.
Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee, General Command of the
        Zapatista Army of National Liberation
April of 1999.

*********************************************
#2

Communique from the Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee, 
        General Command of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation.
Mexico.

April 9, 1999.

To the State, Special, Regional and Municipal Coordinators of the Consulta:
To All the Promotion Brigades for the Consulta:
To National and International Civil Society:

Brothers and sisters:

In opposition to the will of millions of Mexicans, the government carries
on with its war against the Indian peoples of Mexico.

In the past days, the government took by force the Municipality of San
Andres Sakamch'en de los Pobres, the seat of the dialogue and the place
where the first peace accords were signed, which Zedillo has not complied
with.

Through a peaceful mobilization, we zapatistas have recovered the seat of
dialogue, but the government threatens a bloody dislocation, which is why
it is concentrating troops in various points in Chiapas.

Because of this, we are making this call, so that, together with us, you
will mobilize in order to stop the new attack that is being prepared, and
force the government to abandon once and for all the dangerous game of war
it is insisting on.

Reason, truth, history and legitimacy are on our side.

On the government's side there is only money and brute force.

Together we will defend the possibility of dialogue, defending San Andres.

Democracy!
Liberty!
Justice!

>From the mountains of the Mexican Southeast.

Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee, General Command of the
        Zapatista Army of National Liberation.
Mexico.
April of 1999.

*******************************************
#3

Communique from the Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee, General
Command of the
        Zapatista Army of National Liberation.
Mexico.

April 10, 1999.

To the People of Mexico:
To the Peoples and Governments of the World:

"The rich become even more rich, and the poor become ever poorer.  The rich
have palaces, they spend on luxurious trains, they live in splendour, they
comfort themselves with appetizing delicacies, they live without working,
they enjoy all kinds of considerations and all the privileges.  The poor
languish in hunger, they live out in the elements or in huts worthy of
animals, they lack coats to protect them from the cold, they often die from
sunstroke, they are used as beasts of burden, in the country and in the
shops they receive treatment that is not in keeping with human dignity: 
They are pariahs in their own country, and slaves of their own citizens. 
They are the ones who produce the wealth, and that wealth, nonethless,
escapes them, and goes to stuff the wallets of the idle, mere consumers of
that which has cost them no effort.  That is why the revolution is so
highly proclaimed:  The country will never be in peace, as long as the
feudalism of the countryside is not destroyed, as long as the lands are not
distributed among those who know how and want to cultivate them, as long as
the monopoly of the scoundrels does not disappear, guarantees are not given
to the workers and workers' wages are not improved."
        General Emiliano Zapata
        June 24, 1914.


Brothers and Sisters:

Today it has been 80 years since the death of General Emiliano Zapata.

General Emiliano Zapata was and is the symbol of those who fight for what
they believe in to its ultimate end.
The symbol of those who do not sell themselves.
The symbol of those who resist.
The symbol of those who do not surrender nor lower their flags.

Since he could not be bought with money and flattery, nor frightened by
threats and persecution, the powerful deceived him, in order to kill his
body and to set free the soul of General Zapata.

But the chief of the liberation army of the south, characterized in his
time as a "transgressor of the law," and rebel against "the state of law,"
was born anew many times and on different nights in the Mexican
countryside.

Throughout all the lands he showed how not to be deceived by he who says he
governs, but only destroys, by he who arrogantly rides roughshod, by he who
does not hear, by he who only speaks alone.

In the mountains of the Mexican Southeast, General Emiliano Zapata took
voice, step and face of Votan, the guardian and heart of the people, and he
became Votan-Zapata, path and step of the most small.

Zapata had walked for 80 years when it appeared that he no longer walked.
80 years of being born when it appeared that they had killed him.
80 years struggling and the same debts still unpaid and the same betrayals
continuing.

And this is the history of 80 years after April 10 in Chinameca:

Those who killed him, today have become mindless with wealth and blood in
the great government palaces.

Those who bore him, today live and walk so that the land will once more
belong to those who work it, and liberty will finally be for everyone.

Those who killed him, today sell off our land and wealth, and they are
destroying the great Mexican nation.

Those who bore him, today are opposed to the market in histories and
dignities, and they are struggling to defend indigenous rights, the
electricity industry, free education, oil, the land for he who works it,
tomorrow for those who walk it, the just and free peace for those who truly
seek and want it.

80 years later, the same ones who betrayed and killed Zapata are still in
power.

And, 80 years later, the same ones who fought alongside Zapata are once
again fighting next to him.

80 years later, the cry of Land and Liberty continues unabated.

80 years later, the zapatistas of the EZLN once more are calling to the
peoples of all the country to not surrender the struggle for land, for
dignified housing, for well paid work, for good food, for education, for
health.

And, today, 80 years later, fighting for all of this is fighting for
national sovereignty, that is, for independence, for democracy, liberty,
justice and peace in Mexico.

Today the zapatistas of the EZLN call on all the people of Mexico to
mobilize in defense of the nation and against those who want to sell the
sovereignty, with the excuses of bad accounts and lack of money, when the
truth is that what the leaders are lacking is shame, and the bad accounts
are those which have allowed them to enrich themselves and to enrich a
small gang of thieves, some of whom are or were state governors, and
another one who is hiding out in green Dublin.

Today Zapata lives in us and he lives in the struggle of millions of
Mexicans who know that the defense of national sovereignty is loose in the
countryside and in the city, in the indigenous municipalities and
communities, in the unions and social organizations, in the non-govermental
and the political organizations, in the grass roots church communities and
in the honest clergy, in students and teachers, in neighbors and
housewives, in homosexuals and lesbians, in boys and girls, in women, in
young people, in old ones.

No more deceptions.  No more betrayals.  No more bad leaders.  No more
humiliations of the people.  No more destruction and selling off of our
sovereignty.

The carrying out of the San Andres Accords and an End to the War of
Extermination!

No to the privatization of the electricity industry!

Democracy!
Liberty!
Justice!

>From the mountains of the Mexican Southeast.
Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee, General Command of the
        Zapatista Army of National Liberation.
Mexico.
April of 1999.

***********************************
#4

Zapatista Army of National Liberation
Mexico.

April 9, 1999.

To the National and International Press:

Ladies and Gentlemen,

The communiques are off.  One on the recovery of the Seat of the Peace
Dialogue, another calling for its defense and another concerning the 80th
anniversery of the death of my general.  Didn't I tell you, if these
zapatudos haven't even realized that they are now weak and demoralized. 
Why don't they tell Croquetas Albores to take his walk in the San Andres
municipal seat?  Perhaps the more than 3000 zapatista tzotzil indigenous
that are there want to "desert" and join the ranks of those who "are
returning to institutional life and to the state of law?", no?  I hope so
and it's chicle.  The photos would turn out well.  But, if not, they may
not be turning in weapons or ski-masks, but they'll certainly be leaving
him a bone.  Right!  Even if it's not in a helicopter...

What are we going to do if they dislocate us?  Then we will "re-locate"
ourselves.  Vale.  Salud and, in case anyone is in doubt, Zapata Lives!  

>From the mountains of the Mexican Southeast.
Subcomandante insurgente Marcos
Mexico.
April of 1999.

PD.  Zapatista.

"No yolo pahpaqui ihuan itech nin mahuiztica, intoca netehuiloanime
tlatzintlaneca, ihuan nan mech titlanilia ze
palipaquiliztica-tlahpaloli ihuan ica nochi no yolo ni quin yolehua
nonques altepeme, aquihque cate qui chiihuazque netehuiiliztle ipampa
melahqui tlanahuatli"

("My heart is made happy and through that, with dignity, in the name of
those who are fighting under us, and to you I send a salute with joy, and
with all my heart I invite those peoples, those who will make the struggle
for honest leadership.").

Emiliano Zapata, Manifesto in the Nahuatl Language.

P.S.  THAT DOES NOT KNOW HOW TO MAKE UP SLOGANS. - "No, no and no!  No to
the privatization of the

What?  It doesn't rhyme?  But it can be understood

electrical energy!  Yes, yes and yes!  Viva the SME!  What?  It doesn't
rhyme?  But it can be understood?  No?

P.S. SKEPTICAL. - Could it be that they realized that Mario Villanueva was
a criminal just a few minutes after he stopped being governor?  Go on, then
no one will believe them about anything...

P.S.  THAT REITERATES HIS LACK OF UNDERSTANDING. - With that stuff about
daylight time and setting the clocks ahead an hour:  does the day have 23
or 25 hours now?

P.S.  THAT RECOUNTS A HISTORY FOR THE CHILDREN OF THE STATES OF MORELOS AND
GUERRERO THAT THEY WROTE FOR US;  THE ZAPATISTA CHILDREN. -  They say that
history tells that once there was an insurgent General (during the time of
the war of independence) and a man appeared to him and told him he wanted
to fight for the independence of Mexico.  The General told him that was
good and he gave him a paper naming him general, alone.  The man asked: 
"And the troops?"  The General showed him the people that could be seen
from the top of the mountain and he told him:  "There they are, you only
have to recruit them."  The man then asked:  "And the weapons?"  The
General looked at him and responded:  "The enemy has those."  The man went
and recruited a group of indigenous, and, armed with sticks and stones,
they ran into some real troops at nightfall.  And that is how that man
obtained their first weapons.  They say that they tell that the General's
name was Jose Maria Morelos y Pavon and that the man was called Vicente
Guerrero.  They tell that they say that this Guerrero wrote "Live for the
Patria or Die for Liberty," and that he wrote:  "Understand that nothing
would be more degrading than to confess to being a criminal, and to accept
the pardon that the government is offering, whom I must be opposed to until
the last breath of my life ~" (Letter to Iturbide, January 20, 1821), in
addition to the fact that, with him, Mexico's independence was taken away,
the same betrayals as those today who are trying to privatize the
electricity industry.  The state of Morelos is called Morelos because of
General Morelos, and the state of Guerrero is called Guerrero because of
General Vicente Guerrero.  And because of Morelos and Guerrero (and because
of many others like them), you and we are Mexican children.

Vale once more.  Salud and Land and Liberty!
The Sup, humming that one that goes, "Vuela, vuela, palomita..."



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