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(en) anarkismo.net. Colombia, ViaLibre: Announcement May 1, 2022 (ca, de, it, pt, tr)[machine translation]

Date Tue, 10 May 2022 09:09:04 +0300


This May 1, 2022 we commemorate a new international day of workers. On this global date of workers' and popular struggle, we remember and vindicate. ---- Communiqué May 1, 2022 ---- This May 1, 2022 we commemorate a new international day of workers. On this global date of workers' and popular struggle, we remember and vindicate the general strike of 1886 in the United States for the 8-hour work day, as well as the business and government repression against the most dynamic sectors of the labor movement, especially in the city. of Chicago, a repression that would finally lead to the execution of the so-called "Chicago Martyrs", a group of anarchist labor activists, such as Engel, Fischer, Parsons, Spies and Lingg in 1887.

Also on this anniversary, we remember the international campaign of solidarity with the libertarian trade union leaders sentenced to death, headed by the anarchist activist Lucy Parsons, as well as the consecration in the Labor and Socialist Congress of 1889, of the first day of the month of May as a international date of struggle for the demand for the reduction of working hours, an agreement that since 1890 led to the realization of multiple strikes and protests in France, Spain and Germany, and then in the rest of the world.

On this May 1, so charged with history and so charged with the present, we remember that this worker and artisan commemoration in Colombia began as early as 1914, we remember the May 1 mobilizations that anarchists and libertarian unions led in the country in 1920 , the days that were prohibited by the conservative dictatorships of half a century and the march of May 1, 2005 in which the young libertarian student Nicolás Neira was mobilizing when he was mortally wounded by the Mobile Anti-Riot Squad (ESMAD) of the National Police. In short, we remember a few days that today and yesterday, collect, unite and intertwine the struggles of the working class and other social sectors.

On this May 1, we mobilize to reject the brutal Russian invasion of Ukraine and NATO's war escalation, to demand immediate peace between peoples. We mobilize to remember that the people of Myanmar are not alone, and the popular resistance repressed by the military dictatorship continues to raise its voice for freedom. We mobilize to remember that the still active Covid-19 pandemic has shown the depth of inequality and injustice in the world, and that we must come out of the current health crisis with global alternatives for health, care and dignity.

We also mobilized, to vindicate the great experience of the national strike of April 28 and the social outbreak of 2021, the validity of the demands for an immediate fight against job insecurity and government repression, the need to deepen the autonomous popular organization, the urgency of justice and truth for the victims of State and para-state repression, freedom for all those detained in the outbreak, and punishment for all repressors.

Current fights
May 1 is an occasion to reflect and enrich the struggles of our present. In the imperial countries, the panorama of current struggles is marked by great waves of labor conflicts in 2021, not seen in decades, which began in Italy in September under the leadership of transport workers, and continued in the United States in October of that same year. , under the impulse of the workers of the food industry and in Spain in November, with the focus on the metal workers of Cadiz. Also important were the general strike movements in October and December in Italy against the adjustment programs, as well as the general strikes in South Korea against job insecurity and the coordinated strikes in December in Australia.

In addition, in the labor movement of the rich countries, strikes by female railway workers took place in Germany and Italy in September, and in France in December, as well as the strike by female employees on the London Underground. In transport, the airport staff of Paris, the employees of Brussels Airlines in Belgium or the general strike of aeronautical workers in Italy in July and September also joined. There were also labor conflicts in education with university staff in the United Kingdom and the United States, the teachers' strike in Australia for a budget increase and struggles in the health sector such as those of the health workers in New Zealand in August and South Korea. south in september. There were also several strikes by supermarket workers in New Zealand in November.

On the other hand, the international strike of Amazon workers was called last November with an extension to 20 countries, especially with partial strikes in the United States, Germany, France and Italy. In this same framework, the important strike of delivery women in South Korea in June, the home strike in Australia in September and the protest of food delivery women in Hong Kong in November, repressed by the authorities.

In Latin America, 2021 was a year of important social mobilization, which exceeded the levels of 2020 and reached in several aspects the high levels of the cycle of continental protests of 2019. At a general level, the national strike in Colombia stands out above all, as well as the strikes in July and August in Guatemala against government corruption, and the great protests in September in Ecuador against fuel hikes. The general strikes in Chile on April 30, in October in Costa Rica against the agreement with the Monetary Fund and in Haiti in September and October against insecurity and shortages were also very important. There were also unprecedented mass demonstrations in June in Cuba, against the economic crisis and for freedoms, repressed with violence by the government.

In the labor movement, the strikes of teachers and state workers in Belize between April and May against adjustment policies, the largest in the history of this country, as well as various teacher strikes in Haiti, Colombia, Ecuador, Chile, were key. Argentina and the most contradictory of Guyana. Health workers, strongly affected by the pandemic emergency, also mobilized with strikes such as those of Social Security personnel in Costa Rica, the largest in the region, as well as nurses in Panama, doctors in Paraguay or both sectors in Suriname.

Other workers who mobilized were port workers in Uruguay, Belize and Puerto Rico; or the press workers in Mexico and Brazil. Due to its combativeness, the occupation of the Florenzi textile maquila in Salvador against the dismissals was important, as was the strike in the New Holland textile maquila in Nicaragua for the closure of the plant. Likewise, there were protests by women workers in the mining and energy industry in Chile and Colombia and the conflict between women workers at Petrobras in Brazil and PEMEX in Mexico.

In Colombia, the general situation is fundamentally marked by the social unrest that began after the national strike on April 28, 2021. The protest that lasted for 3 months, combined mobilization and street blockades, was strong in the main cities of the country and its axis was the south west and especially the city of Cali and its metropolitan area. In this framework, there was significant worker participation, as shown by the unequal strike in solidarity with the national strike of about a month in advance by the teachers of public schools, which lasted between the end of April and May, and in some institutions it reached until June.

Central to other workers' struggles was the extensive protests with the occupation of facilities by Ecopetrol workers in the towns of Barranca, Cantagallo and Yondó in the months of September and December against labor outsourcing. Also relevant were the strikes by the workers of the Centelsa cable company in Cali in February due to their collective agreement, and the partial strikes by the Notary and Registry workers in the second half of the year against a reform without consultation of the entity.

Likewise, there was an important cycle of workers' mobilizations in the months of October and November, as shown by the protests of workers in the kitchen area of the Cartagena Refinery in October in rejection of possible dismissals, as well as the hunger strike of miners. of Prodeco del Cesar in the months of February and October against the dismissals. A little later, there was the mobilization of the workers of the Essmar aqueduct company in Santa Marta in November against the intervention of the company by the national government and of the employees of the Taghleff plastics company in Mamonal the same month, against the judicial persecution to which union activists have been subjected. In addition, there were regional strikes by state teachers in Antioquia, Valle, Tolima and Risaralda in November,

Important legal advances were also presented, such as those achieved by the glass workers in their lawsuit against the collective labor agreements imposed by the companies and for the re-admission of the pilots fired from Avianca after the 2017 strike.

From the struggles of yesterday and from today's struggles we learn and extract elements for action. The task then continues to strengthen democratic and class unionism in all economic sectors, especially among the most precarious fringes of the working class. At the same time, it involves stimulating the organization and direct mobilization of women workers and other social sectors, and the struggle for better working and living conditions with a view to advancing towards a fairer and freer society.

Up those who fight!
Freeway Libertarian Group
Related Link: https://grupovialibre.org/2022/05/01/comunicado-1-de-mayo-de-2022/

https://www.anarkismo.net/article/32600
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