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(en) France, UCL AL #315 = Libertarian communist orientation, The Zapatista rebellion, historical and current (ca, de, it, fr, pt)[machine translation]

Date Tue, 25 May 2021 09:22:41 +0300

For more than twenty-five years, the neo-Zapatist movement in southern Mexico has been fighting against neoliberalism and for humanity. He did it by arms. It does so above all with a strategy of "dual power" bypassing the state in liberated territories, by building an alternative society. The libertarian communists reaffirm their support for this counter-model, which calls for international support. ---- The Zapatista uprising of 1 stJanuary 1994 has highlighted social issues and policies related to the indigenous peoples of Mexico as elsewhere. Land use, political representation, loss of cultures, racial discrimination, these themes have come to the fore in Mexico and internationally, and the uprising has provoked or reinforced many other indigenous movements. It also sparked a wave of international solidarity.

The relations developed with Mexican and international civil society, as well as the intense political preparation of the Zapatistas during the ten years preceding the uprising, resulted in a movement with strong organizational capacity, broad popular support and an inspiring speech for many struggles. . Feminist, anti-capitalist discourse, horizontal practices and demands for autonomy have participated, among other things, in popularizing this movement in libertarian circles around the world.

build a counter-society
From the end of the fighting in 1994, the EZLN forged links with Mexican civil society and anti-globalization movements through the marches from Chiapas to Mexico City, or international meetings on their territory. At the same time, the Zapatistas organized their autonomy in the "territories recovered" during the insurrection. After two years of intense work with Mexican and international civil society (around the 6 th Declaration of the Selva Lacandona) in 2006-2007, and they are concentrated · they are about developing their productive capacities, political, social .

Zapatista activists from Chiapas, in solidarity with the popular uprisings in Oaxaca and San Salvador Atenco, in 2006.
The "power" of the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) has been transferred to civilian bodies, the juntas de buen gobierno, and many education, health, agriculture and communication projects have been implemented. up or reinforced. The living conditions of the Zapatista communities have improved, despite the constant repression of the movement by the local and federal governments. The media and many political movements hostile to the Zapatistas took advantage of this moment of reduced visibility to declare the movement's disappearance. But new phases of mobilization, since December 2012, proved them wrong.

On 21 December 2012, approximately 40,000 bases de apoyo (support bases) Zapatistas marched silently in the five cities that the EZLN had taken by force on 1 stJanuary 1994. The press release issued that day only said "You have you heard ? It's the sound of your world falling apart. It is that of ours that resurfaces. The day when there was day, it was night. And it will be the night the day it will be the day."

return to the political scene
The EZLN has started issuing press releases at a steady pace, explaining the relative silence of previous years and the desire to resume national and international communication work, the appointment of a new sub-commander, and the entry into a new phase. of their movement: "The time of the yes". That is to say, a phase of active construction of another society and no longer of simple opposition or resistance to the existing society. The moment of entry into this new phase of mobilization responds to a particular context. On the one hand, violence has become widespread.

Mexico has become in these years one of the most violent countries in the world, with the outbreak of the "war against drug trafficking" under the mandate of President Calderon (2006-2012) of the National Action Party (PAN, right Catholic conservative), and the presidency of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI, liberal nationalist).

This war left more than 100,000 dead, many of them "collateral damage". This violence has been added to the corruption and authoritarianism of the Mexican political class, further destroying the social fabric of the country, and masking the repression (assassinations, disappearances, imprisonments) from which the social and indigenous movements suffer.

Finally, the North American ruling classes have updated their neoliberal agenda: trade integration benefiting multinationals, savage extraction of natural resources, plundering of biological resources, privatizations (education, energy, etc.) with disastrous socio-economic consequences for the majority of the population, and in particular for the indigenous peoples dispossessed of their territories and cultures.

In 2017, the EZLN proposed to the National Indigenous Council the presentation of an independent indigenous candidacy for the presidential election. If this proposal allowed a strong mobilization of the indigenous communities and the support of the Zapatistas, the Mexican electoral system prevented the success of this candidacy.

Colonization by megaprojects
The election in 2018 of the candidate of the "left" Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador did not improve the situation of indigenous communities, quite the contrary. Attacks by paramilitary groups, which government authorities disguise as intra-community clashes, have resumed. And megaprojects like the "Mayan train" threaten the very existence of indigenous communities under the guise of local development.

The policy of colonization through infrastructure is progressing in Chiapas. Electric megaprojects, for example, are being developed with Western multinationals, which can be an invitation to act, in Europe, against these multinationals, in solidarity with the Zapatistas. Faced with these threats, the Zapatistas responded by reorganizing their territories, by increasing the number of caracoles (regional groupings of communities), by improving their functioning in the health and education sectors.

Since October 2020, the EZLN has published a series of press releases with a proposal: to meet social movements from around the world to listen, exchange, dialogue, compare the struggles waged on the five continents. This proposal has been adopted by many organizations around the world will begin Zapatista in Europe between July and October 2021. UCL is committed to support the Zapatista delegation in France, co-signing the communiqué of 1 stJanuary 2021.

UCL support
The experience of the Zapatistas, their national and international mobilization power and their reaffirmed desire to work with other movements - the Kurdish left in Rojava, among others - make them today essential actors and actresses in international revolutionary dynamics.

For this reason, it is essential to develop relations between the UCL and the Zapatista movement, in accordance with our desire to develop contacts and initiatives at the international level.

UCL activists are, or have become, engaged in this solidarity, through trade unions or in support groups. But the UCL as such must support Zapatism as a revolutionary movement of resistance to oppression and construction of another society. She will

by co-organizing solidarity activities;
by relaying their struggle;
by putting their movement in perspective in relation to other self-management experiences and other social projects, such as the libertarian communist project.
by connecting and coordinating with groups or organizations having a long-standing activity in supporting the Zapatista struggle.
A process of synthesis During their unification congress in June 2019, Alternative libertaire and the Coordination of anarchist groups decided not to make a clean sweep of their past orientations and developments, but to synthesize them and gradually update them. This text was adopted at the federal coordination of the UCL on February 13-14, 2021.

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