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(en) Pakistan; Workers Solidarity Initiative: Black and red salute to the anarchist martyrs of Chicago

Date Sat, 8 May 2021 09:52:31 +0300

In the 19th century, the condition of American industrial workers was not only worse, but worse. The situation of women and children was also bad and unemployment was on the rise. There were also skilled workers in this unemployment. Immigrants have been on the rise since 1880. Due to which the number of unskilled workers continued to increase and there was practically no law for industrial workers in the country, so the working hours of the workers were either 18 hours and 16 hours and after 1870 children. Child labor had doubled and the workplace environment was so poor that the death rate among workers and children was higher than in other countries.
Under these circumstances, in 1870, the Anarchist Comrades formed the "Eight Hours League" to fight for the rights of the workers and demanded that the working hours of the workers should be 8 hours.
The strike on May 1, 1886, at the McCormick Harvester Company, in which workers were demanding eight working hours. Meanwhile, police attacked them, killing several workers and injuring many more. A public meeting was held on May 4, 1886 to protest against this open massacre. Held at Market Square. The meeting was coming to a peaceful end. The last speaker was addressing the audience. The police pounced on meeting attendees with heavy and hard to disperse them. Then suddenly something flashed and exploded in the air and many people were killed. The incident was never investigated as to who was involved in this incident. Police arrested several people, including eight.?Anarchist comrades were also present. They included Albert Parsons, August Spies, Louise Ling, Adolf Fisher, George Angel, Michael Schwab, Samuel Felden and Oscar Nappe. During the trial of these comrades, employers 'organizations (especially the Citizens' Association) and American newspapers launched a full-fledged campaign against them, and eventually American court judges and juries sentenced five comrades to death for prejudice against anarchists. , Michael Schwab and Samuel Felden were sentenced to life in prison and Oscar Nappe to 15 years.

The blood of the anarchist martyrs of the market will always be a symbol of struggle for us and with this blood we will make history for the struggle for the rights of the workers not only of Pakistan but of the world.

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