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(en) France, UCL AL #317 - Politics, To better defend yourself: unify unemployment insurance schemes (ca, de, it, fr, pt)[machine translation]

Date Thu, 1 Jul 2021 09:03:18 +0300

Unemployment insurance reform is making a comeback despite the crisis. On the program: a reduction in unemployment benefits and an increase in precariousness. It is urgent to react collectively and to demand the unification of the different regimes. ---- In 2019, the government wants the agreement of the unions to save 4 billion at the expense of the unemployed. They all refuse, its reform will then be by decree. The Covid-19 crisis suspends the project. But he returned to the charge with the decree of 1 stJuly 2020. What plans? A new method of calculating the daily reference wage (SJR: average of wages received before the end of the employment contract) by lowering it by taking into account periods not worked.

Unemployment benefit, calculated from the SJR, will fall automatically, on average by 250 euros per month for hundreds of thousands of people. As a result, fewer people will be able to combine the salary of a new job with part of their unemployment benefit. In addition, it tightens the conditions for opening rights to unemployment (more days or hours of work necessary). Many people will no longer have unemployment benefits or less, tipping, at best, to the RSA. More than a million unemployed people will be poorer, and therefore several million people, by adding their children and their spouse. But mobilization is struggling to reach the precarious, while that of employees on CDI, public and private, is essential. After the fight over pensions, it is a new battle which arises. Let us inflict a new defeat on the government and the employers.

End the division
There are three different schemes for unemployment benefits: the return-to-work allowance, the solidarity scheme and the RSA-activity bonus. In addition, there are several funds that pay them: Pôle emploi, or the former public employer under a self-insurance scheme (like La Poste), or the Caf. It is to divide in order to reign better. Strangely, the unions of struggle do not demand the end of this explosion. While it is unity that is our strength against the bosses and the state. What we need is one unemployment insurance scheme for everyone. With a single paying agency: a single social security managed by the unions, thus integrating unemployment insurance.

We must also put an end to the rule "one day worked = one day of unemployment benefit" introduced in 2009 in the back-to-work allowance scheme. Here too the struggle unions are on the defensive. That is to say, the less I work, the less time I will have unemployment benefits. But it is capitalism which imposes unemployment! This rule must be questioned. The demand for a student salary goes in this direction. Rather than the RSA for those under 25, a real class claim would be unemployment benefit for everyone, at least from 18 years old, and even if the person has not yet worked.

Michel (UCL Vosges)

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