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(en) ucadi: Myanmar and Human Rights - What's New, Newsletter, Issue 145 - April 2021. (it) [machine translation]

Date Mon, 19 Apr 2021 09:28:12 +0300

The world is amazed by the military repression in Myanmar, opposed at the popular level by an entire people, with an absolutely pacifist resistance action, as in the Buddhist tradition. As a symbol of this resistance by an extremely composite opposition from a political point of view, Aung San Suu Kyi, formerly a Nobel Peace Prize winner, but persecutor of the Rohingya, an ambiguous character, therefore, like the current Ethiopian leader Sahle-Uork Zeudé , also Nobel Peace Prize. It is evident that this is one of the specialties of the honored with this title who, like Obama, obtained it in the aftermath of the bombing of Syria or the Nobel Prize winner Henry Kissinger, specialist in coups and wars.
On February 1, 2021, the Burmese army, called Tatmadaw, which brings together all the militarized forces of the country, including the police and customs, and owns and manages the industrial activities of the country which are all nationalized, regained the power it has managed almost continuously since 1961. Land ownership is instead allowed to private individuals, excluding those belonging to the Rohingya component of the country's population,
concentrated in the Rakhine State, which occupies half of the coasts of Myanmar, starting from the borders with Bangladesh and proceeding southwards.

The Rohingyas and Buddhist fundamentalism

Like all religious denominations, the Buddhist one has a complex structure. Inside there are the pacifist and tolerant component, but the fundamentalist one is very widespread, which is identified as, in other religions, with cultural and political phenomena, such as nationalism, ethnic identity and with underlying economic reasons. The Rohingya are a Muslim faith group and belong to the poorest strata of the
population. It is an Islamic ethnic group that speaks Rohingya.
Those belonging to this population are not recognized as Burmese citizens, but are considered Muslim Bengalis, who arrived in the country with the British colonization. The Myanmar government does not recognize them as citizens and denies them most of their fundamental rights. They cannot move freely in the country and live in overcrowded camps located one kind outside the city of Sittwe, the capital of Rakhine. In recent months the situation has dramatically worsened due to some clashes with the armed forces. Since the end of August 2017, about 866 thousand Rohingya victims of violence with hundreds of people killed, including many children. they fled to Bangladesh, further aggravating the situation in the refugee camps where drinking water and food are scarce, the hygiene situation has deteriorated. Thousands of families, including children, sleep in the open, devoid of everything.
Rohingya do not have access to the same services as Buddhist citizens; they cannot leave their Rakhine settlements without permission; they cannot own land and it is estimated that at least 55% of the Rohingya who arrived in Bangladesh are children.

A divided state

Myanmar is a country divided administratively into 14 states, 5 zones, 1 territory of the Union, but what is more serious is the economic, social and productive division. In addition, the country is home to most of the so-called golden triangle, the center of opium, heroin and methamphetamine production, so the territory is controlled by militias of traffickers who coexist with the presence of the army. After the 2008 crisis, the country
it had partially opened; the military's control over civil society had loosened and, thanks also to the development of tourism, a certain well-being had grown. Now, however, the pandemic crisis has blocked the tourist industry and beyond, exports have decreased, and the military has felt it necessary to regain direct control of the country, with the international support of China which for geostrategic reasons uses the country as an outlet for its presence in the Bay of Bengal and as a place of production of low-cost goods.
Even if the international media refer to the opposition as Aung San Suu Kyi, the situation is therefore quite different. The forces of the opposition to the army have coalesced against the military and to date there are 700 dead, thousands of injured and arrested. Victims of violence are mainly women - beaten and raped: the military solidly control power, regardless of the protests of a developing civil society that is the real opposition. Its left-wing components have, for the moment, postponed the settling of accounts with the President-elect, herself guilty of violating human rights to the detriment of the military.
of the literally poor Rohingya. Their battle is fought on two fronts and can be won, provided they manage to free themselves from the political role of Buddhist and nationalist fundamentalists.

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