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(en) avtonom: Igor Olinevich: Punishers and Karaevshchina in Belarus [machine translation]

Date Sun, 27 Sep 2020 09:55:04 +0300


We all became eyewitnesses of terrible bullying and torture over thousands of our fellow citizens. Absurdly brutal beatings, incessant humiliation, hours of torture, rape with truncheons, numerous threats of rape and murder. Some were killed with firearms, some were beaten to death, and those who were hanged were found in the forests. Sophisticated mental torture, when one group of people was forced to sing the anthem of the state or riot police, and another group was beaten in front of them. Scenes reminiscent of the Gestapo and the GULAG. ---- From my own experience I can say that the worst thing is when other people are tortured, hour after hour, day after day. When the stream of inhuman screams, groans, blows, pleas for mercy form a new closed reality, in which there is no longer any confidence in one's right not only to a minimum dignity, but also to life itself. Such moral abuse causes much greater suffering than physical pain, it is impossible to forget, erase such an experience. From now on, the politeness and outward good nature of any cop will be perceived as just a mask on the face of a Gestapo beast.

I would like to understand how so? Why? What for? Maybe the punishers avenged their beaten colleagues? And, indeed, for the first time in many years, the riot police finally got a snout. A couple of offices in the center were thoroughly dented.

However, what is the point of taking revenge on absolutely left-wing people, because even the punishers themselves understood that many of the detainees had nothing to do with the protests. The story of Anton Lyadov, a Russian blogger, is indicative. He was detained several hours before the protest, he was recognized, even quite culturally talked with him about trips to Venezuela and North Korea, but still passed through the torture conveyor. The cruelty cannot be attributed to the fact that the riot police are, in principle, animals. For several weeks before August 9, they carried out detentions and, despite the excesses that occurred, there was nothing like the subsequent terror.

So why are they such bastards? To answer this question, one should pay attention to the systematic and repeatable punitive techniques throughout the country. In completely different cities, the same thing: the position on the knees with the forehead to the floor, stretch marks with palms on the wall, the designation of some detainees in yellow and red paint, or by applying inscriptions on their heads, increased torture for any tattoos and external differences (piercings, long or dyed hair, pigtails), beatings for arbitrary body movements, the prohibition to look punishers in the eyes.

You need to understand that torturing several thousand people (in fact, more) is a technically very difficult task. Such synchronicity and skill cannot appear chaotically; such a technique is worked out in advance and practiced. But has something like this already happened in our country? Isn't this bullying a splash of the sick imagination of sadists in uniform?

In these framesyou see a pacification action in one of the Russian zones. A striking resemblance to what happened in the IVS on Akrestsin Street and in the ROVD, isn't it? Such punitive actions are carried out to train the FSIN special forces. I personally spoke with a person who was in such a zone during the pacification. According to him, the special forces reached an agreement with the administration of the zone, the operas provoked a conflict in order to cause a riot, but the riot did not work out. Nevertheless, the guards opened the gates and let the riot police in. In addition to the FSIN, there were also small groups of special forces from other units, in different uniforms and other tactics. For several hours the chastisers beat the entire zone, they were crippled and even killed, then the special forces left. Most of all went to those who did not offer resistance and left the barracks on command. Those who barricaded corridors and doors with iron bunks and fought back,

In Belarus itself, in addition to the events in the KGB pre-trial detention center in 2010-2011 described in my book, I know about two punitive actions to pacify large objects.

In the early 2000s, the special forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs "Almaz" were brought into the Vitebsk jail. The Department of the Execution of Punishments (DIN) decided thus to tighten the regime as strictly as possible. The special forces acted so brutally that even the warders hid in the cells of the prisoners along with the keys, because they also fell under the distribution. It's simple, the special forces act on the assumption that the entire object is captured, and the prisoners could change into the uniform of the jailers. Actually, Almaz was formed on the basis of the Berkut prison special forces detachment, so the habits remained the same.

We will not ignore the special forces of the Internal Troops of the SOBR. From the description of tasks on Wikipedia: "... organizes preventive measures in correctional facilities." What are these preventive measures? They look something like this . I could not find evidence that SOBR entered the prison or zone. However, I managed to take testimony from the direct victim of such "prevention" when the same "Almaz" entered the prison.

"I ended up in Volodarka[SIZO-1]in the spring of 2006. The background is such that in 2005 there were massive arrests of members of the Morozov's organized criminal group and members of the Fireman's organized criminal group.

A typical day looked like this. When they took us for a walk to the courtyards or to the bathhouse, and there were masks on the longitudinal axis, we were necessarily beaten. There were two typical options. The first, light one, we passed through their formation and were strewn with a hail of clubs. Second, on command, we stretched out facing the wall, and they beat us until they got tired of them, most often on the legs. If you are indignant - a blow, if you turn your head - a blow, if you stretch your arms - a blow. More tattoos came in addition. And so every day, the question of luck will you meet them longitudinally or not. Often we did not go out for a walk at all. One day one of their huts[cameras], a businessman with glasses, decided to go for a walk alone. The inspector was very unhappy that he would have to go for one person. After a while, the Comerce came back all beaten, limping, with broken glasses. Didn't reach ... Later, he wrote complaints about beatings and damage to property, and he was even given a confrontation with the Almaz workers. "How can I identify them if they were all wearing masks?" He spread his hands helplessly. I could not identify, "the check did not reveal the facts of violations."

Only that was still nothing. Sometimes the masks flew right into the camera and beat everyone in a row. Their favorite tactic was to quietly sneak up to the brakes[doors], quickly fly into the hut and throw those who were sleeping on the upper tier of the bunk by the collar. In the center of the hut there is an oak[iron table]and the masks tried to throw the man so that he would hit his back on the edge of the oak. Backs were crippled, and there were spinal fractures. Some of the guards adopted this fashion, and they also flew in and beat everyone up. They had other masks, the usual green form, we quickly learned how to calculate them. Once, we were pressed twice in a row, first by special forces, and an hour later by local ones.

They said that some of the controllers also got from the masks, so they felt their impunity. We were still lucky, our hut was pressed only a few times. But the hut above us was pressed regularly. They shouted so that everything could be heard through the tails[barred window], it is not clear how they stood up at all. It used to be that out of 15 people after a raid of masks, only three remained, the rest were sent to a medical unit or to a punishment cell so that the beatings would heal there.

The worst case was for the special corridor, they were killed every day.[In the book by Sergei Pavlovich "How I Stole a Million" there is a description of the special corridor. It is located behind separate doors in the basement of the prison, 16 double cells, there is no connection with the rest of the prison. They hold special prisoners that the administration needs to break.]

I was also lucky that I got to Volodarka only in 2006. Inmates said that in 2005 it was worse. The beatings stopped only when I was convicted and transferred from the cell under investigation to the convicts, to wait for the stage. All this time, I was formally innocent.

I ask all former prisoners who have gone through the hell of "prevention" to respond and testify. It's time to talk about it. Write! "

In normal times, Almaz hone their skills on criminals, they are regularly involved in arrests. Almaz workers often "work" on drug-related matters, knocking out a door or window, and harshly twisting a simple drug addict is their usual routine.

As for the riot police, they train differently. They get the green light to train with ... ordinary people in the provinces! I first learned about this from the former cops with whom I was sitting. The riot police are allowed to raid small towns and wreak havoc there. One of these stories happened in Krupki in 2011, and got out only because the former cops got mixed up. Pay attention to the words "do you see this stick? Now, give the condom, we'll put it on, we'll shove it in the ass. " For 9 years nothing has changed. How many of these "grains" were there in reality, and how many people passed through the hands of these fascists?

Unlike the jailers, who are interested in long-term control, the purpose of the punitive stormtroopers is to establish a regime of continuous terror over the entire facility / territory. The population of the object is divided into gradations: light terror, ordinary terror, intensified terror and maximum terror. The result of such a regime should be absolute obedience, and turning the population away from the active protest group. During pacification, a person is depersonalized, turned into a gray mass.

I would like to especially emphasize the following point. It is impossible to raise a dragon without periodically feeding it. And when you hear that somewhere they are pacifying the prisoners, then before thinking "maybe they need it", remember the bloody August 2020, and where exactly the punishers learned such skills.

Today it has become obvious that the punitive action to pacify the Belarusian people has completely failed, having met with an unexpected rebuff and steadfastness, and, on the contrary, rallied the people as never before.

Continuing the theme of the origins of cruelty, I ask you to think about it at this moment: people were beaten at Akrestsin Street all the time. Can you imagine a whole work shift in an atmosphere of almost continuous roars, crying, groans? And the punishers can! Yes, there were those who beat less often, who did not mock as others, who shied away from direct bullying and even pulled them away from their more violent colleagues. But they were all able to mentally withstand this atmosphere and continue to perform their functions, and even in between times call their wife to talk about everyday issues. Such a psychotype is more reminiscent of a surgeon who impartially cuts the human body, despite the blood, groans, and tremors. They have an increased sensitivity threshold, which protects them from emotional burnout.

A good sadist is a bad performer. The sadist is emotionally unstable, because sadism is, in principle, the formation of an emotional connection between the tormentor and the victim. Sadists often hide among the officers of the ROVD, temporary detention facilities, prisons and zones, they want to torture people, and like spiders they wait for a convenient situation. Among them there were those who gladly helped the riot police. Their passion often becomes a source of conflict with superiors and coworkers.

Spetsnaz and OMON are sharpened weapons that can carry out orders as part of a unit under stressful conditions. Surely they have a professional deformation, like many security officials, for sure some have a penchant for sadism and perhaps some small percentage of sadists are recruited on purpose. But first of all, they must follow the order, and not get carried away with torture, and as in every, so to speak, profession has its own passion.

There is some difference between the personal levels of spetsnaz and riot police. The first officers, nevertheless, carry out high-precision tasks, they are required to have a high predictability of the result. The latter are recruited for the role of professional bouncers, accuracy and high intelligence are not required from them, respectively, the range of aggression is much wider. This is where the difference ends, they are equally merciless.

People at the demonstrations try to shame the punishers, cry, give them flowers, hug them. Do you know how they feel? Sometimes bewilderment, but most likely contempt. For them, a person kneeling down only makes them want to beat them even harder; pleading for mercy is an aggravating circumstance.

What explains the special enthusiasm with which the punishers tortured their victims? Oddly enough, the belief in the correctness of the deeds. This belief has nothing to do with the real world. It resembles the faith of fanatics, sectarians, it is a convenient cocoon that stabilizes the personality of the punisher. After all, only a minority of scoundrels are able to admit to themselves that they are scum and bastards, for whom moral justification is the order of the person in power. Most need some kind of rational picture of the world in which they are, albeit harsh, but positive heroes.

They are initially raised in a continuous brainwashing environment. For them, Lukashenka is the father of everything and everyone, society is organized correctly and the country is always surrounded by enemies, and many more enemies are sent inside. Such a picture of the world allows one to withdraw from the development of one's own assessments, and to shift the responsibility to the superiors. However, make no mistake, the more absurd the orders are, the more zeal they will follow them. It is impossible to ask hundreds of times "Who paid you?", To receive the same answer, and not to doubt the official version. From doubts, their inner tension grows (subconsciously, they understand everything), and from that they begin to scoff even more furiously in order to discharge themselves and thereby prove their own innocence. This question "Who paid you?" Is not really a question, but a statement for self-belief, self-justification, "I believe! I believe! I believe! " For them, it is an integral form of psychological self-defense.

During the time of the Gulag, many KGB officers and wardens furiously persecuted political prisoners, although in that situation it was impossible to seriously consider that millions of prisoners were counterparts, spies, saboteurs, saboteurs, saboteurs, terrorists. Only such faith in the leader and the correctness of what was happening allowed them not to fall in their own eyes and gave meaning to their actions.

So who is the punisher? This is a biorobot, with a system of ideological positions and moral dogmas, stitched like a program code. It is useless to talk to them, he does not accept rational arguments. The gap in this defense is the symbols and facts of the weakness of their leader; any fascist is fed by the power of the leader's image. For example, when the workers of the MZKT shouted to Lukashenka "Go away!" Remember when he flew in a helicopter with an automatic device and went out to them? The riot policemen were sincerely delighted and clapped like children. "The folder is strong, the folder will protect." Those tons of disrespect and ridicule that pour out on the tyrant every day act depressively on the punishers.

The situation is such that professional detachments of fascists operate in the country, technically capable of carrying out actions to pacify the entire society. What to do with them? What should be the criteria for responsibility? Of course, responsibility should be personal, for those actions that a person has done personally. But in the case of these punishers, how to define this personal responsibility if they are all masked, anonymous, and act as a cohesive whole? Even if one of them did not personally beat, torture, or kill, this one still continues to function within the unit, and thus he confirms the acceptability of the actions of others for himself. Look at the Almaz people who killed Taraikovsky. Did any of them make a fuss when the mortally wounded Alexander fell? Maybe confusion began among them, that something was done wrong and there was a murderer among them? They killed, as in a shooting range, and continued on with their dirty work. Without each of them, all that terror would have been simply impossible, each of them contributed to the terror against people.

There is a precedent in history when an entire military organization was declared criminal. It's about the SS. The Nuremberg Tribunal found collectively guilty of all members of the paramilitary units of the SS from September 1, 1939, because only thanks to the well-coordinated organizational work of the SS were able to carry out their especially grave crimes.

I believe that OMON and DIAMOND should be recognized as criminal organizations for war crimes against the people and subjected to a tribunal.

The rest of the security forces must be dealt with personally. To do this, it is enough to create a web platform with lists of all departments of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (and not only), as well as current and former employees. Let people recognize their tormentors and file statements describing their crimes. The regime practices the principle "Testimony is the queen of evidence". We have no reason not to trust the testimony of the victims, the accusatory material will be collected quickly, and the torturers will fall into the same hole that their "Themis" dug for ordinary people.

Finally, about the main thing. It should not even be possible for individual professional power units to impose their will on the entire people. Under what circumstances would the August punitive action be impossible? If the people were armed, as in Switzerland. There, every citizen who has completed military service has the right to keep an assault rifle at home.

Previously, one could hear "Oh, our people should not be given the arms of arms, they will do this." However, the revolution proved that our people have a high level of self-discipline and strong moral qualities.

If the people were armed, the events of August 9-12 simply would not have happened. The people would have taken the IVS and the ROVD by storm, releasing the detainees, and Lukashenka would have fled in fear.

Karaevshchina has no right to repeat itself; its very theoretical possibility must be nipped in the bud. An example of armed Switzerland to help us.

Igor Olinevich

https://avtonom.org/news/igor-olinevich-karateli-i-karaevshchina-v-belarusi
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