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(en) capital.fora: Forced disappearance of persons: an entrenched political practice of the Argentine State (ca, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 24 Sep 2020 10:15:01 +0300

On May 1, 1904, summoned by the FOA (in the middle of that year it will be renamed FORA .), About 80,000 workers were concentrated in Buenos Aires. The act was attacked with bullets by the armed wing of the State and the maritime worker Juan Ocampo died: he was 18 years old and was protesting together with comrades from the Society of Resistance of Sailors and Firefighters adhered to the FOA The workers transferred the body of the young man to the FOA premises, where at night and in full wake he was kidnapped by the police. The body of the young worker sympathizing with FORA is the first disappeared from the working class in Argentina. ---- On September 6, 1930, the fascist soldiery grouped around Uriburu took over the administration of the Argentine State. Three days later, in Rosario, the mason worker affiliated with FORA Joaquín Penina is detained by the police and a few hours later he is shot. He was 27 years old and has been missing ever since.

The Forista Joaquin Penina.
In 1951, during the democratic government of the military Perón, Ernesto Mario Bravo, a university student and a member of the Communist Party, was kidnapped in Buenos Aires. Bravo was missing for 38 days. It was the first disappeared in the second half of the 20th century.

Between May 25, 1973 and March 23, 1976 - during the Peronist governments of Héctor Cámpora, Juan Perón and María Estela Martínez "elected" by the people, around 900 people were disappeared.

What happened during the military governments that followed between March 24, 1976 and December 9, 1983 is public knowledge: the forced disappearance of people was a central State policy.

In 1993, during the Peronist government of Carlos Menem, the young university student Miguel Bru disappeared in the city of La Plata. He is the first disappeared of the democratic era (post 1983).

Miguel Bru disappeared on August 17, 1993 after being detained and tortured by the police at the 9a police station. from La Plata
In 2006, the state governed by the Peronist Néstor Kirchner made the bricklayer Julio López disappear. During the administration of his wife Cristina Fernández, the humble adolescent Luciano Arruga (2009) and the rural laborer Daniel Solano (in 2011) disappeared: Arruga's body appeared, but the workers López and Solano still remain missing.

Currently, justice for Luciano continues.
Those of López, Arruga and Solano are not the only cases that occurred during Kirchnerism; There are dozens of other people, such as the disappeared women who are victims of sexual exploitation by capitalist mafia organizations that operate with the complicity or direct intervention of the State.

Either through the "administration of Justice" (Residence and Social Defense laws at the beginning of the 20th century, Antiterrorist law at the beginning of the 21st century) or "legal" repression (Police, Army and other armed and security forces) and "Illegal" (Liga Patriótica, AAA), the State has tools that ordinarily fulfill the purpose of disciplining those who challenge the current social order. But when "law and order" are not enough, they do not hesitate to make them disappear, both in dictatorship and in democracy.

The plutocracy of Cambiemos offered more of the same: repression to deepen job insecurity and wage depreciation.

The state run by Macri and the Cambiemos alliance took only twelve days to show its true anti-worker face: on December 22, 2015, the Gendarmerie ruthlessly repressed the workers of Cresta Roja. In February 2016, the Executive Power decreed the "Protocol of action of the State security forces in public demonstrations" to "ensure public order, social harmony, legal security and general welfare"; In June, the Judicial Power, through its Supreme Court, established that "the measures of force promoted by informal groups" of workers are not legitimate; And since the first days of the Menemism, the Internal Security Law has been in force, from which the Kirchnerist Antiterrorist Law and the Macrista "Protocol of action of the security forces" are derived:

But the liberal government of Cambiemos, would not end its term if one more state crime. That of Santiago Andrés Maldonado, who on August 1, 2017 was seen alive for the last time, after a repression exerted by the National Gendarmerie where the anarchist presented his solidarity with the struggle of the Mapuche people. His body was found in the Chubut River , inside the Pu Lof , raided on the day of his disappearance, on October 17, 2017, when 77 days had passed without news of his whereabouts.

Marches in Buenos Aires, for the appearance alive of Santiago Maldonado.

With the return of Kirchnerism back to power and under the governorship of the province of Buenos Aires by Axel Kicillof, a new disappeared person put his body and life to show us, once again, that the State and its forces of repression can change their names but not of customs. On April 30, 2020, after being detained by the Police, we lost our fellow worker Facundo Astudillo Castro. To this day, family members, human rights organizations and workers continue to demand justice.

We workers must be prepared to resist the next onslaught of Capital and its State.

116 years after the disappearance of the worker Juan Ocampo

90 years after the disappearance of the worker Joaquín Penina

14 years after the second disappearance of the worker Julio López

3 years after the disappearance and death of Santiago Maldonado

5 months after the disappearance and death of Facundo Astudillo Castro

We do not forget, we do not forgive and we do not reconcile with the State!

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