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(en) Bandeira Negra: 103 YEARS OF THE 1th GREVE GENERAL (pt) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 15 Jul 2020 09:01:44 +0300

The first General Strike in the history of Brazil began on July 9, 1917, in São Paulo (SP). Influenced by anarchist ideas, brought by European workers, mainly Italian and Spanish, workers demonstrated against the precarious conditions of work in Brazil during World War II. ---- On July 9, a cavalry charge was launched against workers protesting at Mariangela factory door in Brás, and resulted in the death of young Spanish anarchist anarquista Martinez. His funeral attracted a crowd that went through the city accompanying the body to the cemetery of Araçá where he was buried. ---- Outraged and already prepared for the strike the workers of two textile factories known as Cotonifício Rodolfo Crespi, in the neighborhood of Mooca, began the strike that soon spread to cities such as Rio de Janeiro (RJ) and Porto Alegre (RS). It was some kind of ´´ hunger riot ".

And the women were on the front line. They were the majority of the working class and claimed better conditions of work, wage increase, end of child work and reduction of exhaustive hours.

The strike lasted 30 days and brought together about 70 workers and workers. If not all objective demands were conquered, the stoppage had as a balance the organizational strengthening of the movement and serves as a historical example for the working class these days!

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