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(en) France, Union Communiste Libertaire AL #302 - India: An ethnic cleansing that does not say its name (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Fri, 21 Feb 2020 08:59:31 +0200

A fifth of the Indian population on the street (250 million), universities attacked by fascist militias in the pay of the BJP, the voluntary endangerment of Indians of Muslim faith, the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) aims to "re-Indianize"a country whose whole history shines however of the coexistence of its diversities. Modi goes further than any other country in the hands of the far right. ---- Exactly a year ago, Modi, the sinister Indian Prime Minister had already put the country on the street when he attacked union rights (read AL of February 2019). Since December, protest movements have erupted everywhere to prevent the latest infamy of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) from happening and deprive Muslim nationals of three Indian states of their rights and continue the work of humiliation of this community, which represents 14% of the country.

In December 2019, the Indian government amended the CAA, a previous law of 1955 facilitating access to Indian citizenship for Afghan, Pakistani, Bangladeshi immigrants, provided they are Hindu, Jain, Christian, Sikh ... Everything but Muslims. This law is backed by the National Registry of Citizens (NRC) set up in Assam (north-eastern part of the country) in 1951 and recently reactivated aiming to identify citizens of Indian origin to distinguish them from immigrants · came from neighboring states.

It is now a question of depriving an entire population of rights. Land of high immigration, Assam has developed an aggressive nationalism targeting mainly Muslim Bengalis and Bengladeshi. Massively undocumented, obviously over-exploited in the Assamese tea plantations, they know of no other home than India. Two thousand of those whom the secretary general of the BJP calls " termites " have already been assassinated by the Assam Movement. 1.9 million people already fall under these provisions in Assam alone. That is to say, as many people who are threatened with becoming stateless and being directed to truly horrific detention camps, and this, indefinitely since there is no repatriation agreement with Bangladesh.

The CAA creates the perilous precedent of citizenship based on religious affiliation. With the NRC, Modi wants to experiment with a massive Hinduism instrument, applicable elsewhere in the country and whose project is already planned.

Massive Hinduism weapon
According to his usual strategy, the passage into legislative force is always combined with intimidation by interposed fascist militias. Thus, Nehru University in Delhi was attacked by thugs of a student union Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (national patriotic organization, RSS) from the BJP and leaving around thirty wounded. Thus, the number of lynchings is increasing sharply since the arrival of Modi in power. Tacitly encouraged and systematically unpunished, they target, in addition to Muslims, untouchables and ethnic minorities. Thus the suspension a month ago of the specific status of Kashmir, predominantly Muslim and its media blackout.

We know the strength of the Indian social movement, its ability to mobilize in impressive numbers. The states of Kerala, Bengal, Punjab have already decreed that they will not apply the CAA. Groups of women at roundabouts, repeated demonstrations, Dalit organizations (untouchable, outside caste) in solidarity with the Muslims of Delhi, blockages, union actions ... But also: fierce repression, the attack on the Muslim University of Delhi by the police, twenty dead, several thousand arrests, property seized ... At the time of going to press, the movement has not stopped expanding and taking root ... Curiously, the examples cited by Indian newspapers to encourage them to stand are, Chile and ... France struggling: " not to give in to reformist offers but to fight " .

Cuervo (UCL Marseille)

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