A - I n f o s
a multi-lingual news service by, for, and about anarchists
News in all languages
Last 40 posts (Homepage)
archives of old posts
The last 100 posts, according
The First Few Lines of The Last 10 posts in:
First few lines of all posts of last 24 hours |
of past 30 days |
of 2002 |
of 2003 |
of 2004 |
of 2005 |
of 2006 |
of 2007 |
of 2008 |
of 2009 |
of 2010 |
of 2011 |
of 2012 |
of 2013 |
of 2014 |
of 2015 |
of 2016 |
of 2017 |
of 2018 |
of 2019 |
Syndication Of A-Infos - including
RDF - How to Syndicate A-Infos
Subscribe to the a-infos newsgroups
(en) The Italian Union, By Massimiliano Illari USI - ANA (pt) [machine translation]
Sat, 15 Feb 2020 14:03:09 +0200
The Italian Union Union (USI) is a revolutionary and libertarian union founded in 1912, after a split from CGdL (later CGIL, General
Confederation of Labor), a reformist union linked to the Socialist Party. Several CGdL unions rejected the elections and their centralized
union model, experimenting with other organizational forms that came together at the first USI Congress in Modena. ---- From its founding in
1912 until the consolidation of fascism, the USI had almost 500,000 members, characterized by a combative action on all fronts where it had
a presence. From an ideological point of view, it is in favor of neutrality when the First World War broke out, libertarian and
anti-fascist, which paid with the illegality decreed by the fascists, the destruction of their headquarters, periodicals and the arrest or
exile of many of their militants. At the end of the Second World War, it was attempted to carry out its reconstruction, but the political
and union scene, as well as the incomprehension of part of the anarchist movement, did not make it possible. Yes, it was possible in the
late 1970s, when a new generation of activists reactivated the USI.
Currently, most of the members (between 800 and 1000 people) come from Public Health, particularly in Milan - with around 500 -, a city in
which the presence of USI in several hospitals is historic. Health USI is present in Florence, Parma, Trieste and companions scattered
throughout Italy. The Health union will celebrate its National Congress this October in Parma.
Other relatively numerous sections are in Parma (70-80 members), Trieste (50), Modena (40), Ancona, Reggio Emilia, Bologna, Florence and Venice.
The USI works internally in an assembly and federal way: the sections must respect the statutes and our principles, being able to organize
themselves as they see fit, either as territorial sections or around the workplace. Decisions are made exclusively by those involved. There
are three national decision-making bodies: the Executive Committee meetings, in which the members elected in Congress participate, open to
membership; the National Committees of Delegates, which take place every three or four months; and, the Congress, which is celebrated every
three years and in which it participates according to specific regulation.
In companies, workers decide autonomously how to organize themselves. There are places where you operate individually; in others, where it
is still possible (the latest labor reforms limit the capacities of this organizational form) through the Union Representation of
Enterprise: collective body representing groups of workers affiliated to a recognized union that operates in the same work context. In other
companies, as part of the Union Union Representation (RSU), a collective body representing all workers from the same work context, who are
elected through elections among the team. This form of representation was the subject of continuous debate. The current posture of USI
continues to be critical with RSU, agreeing that the decision to participate or not is up to the workers.
The rights of the working class have suffered a noticeable deterioration in the last thirty years, and, in parallel, class consciousness and
labor combativeness have been remarkably reduced, to the point that passivity, delegation of responsibilities or servility is the main
feature at work. It is also true that there are periodically generous attempts to fight. USI seeks to encourage the latter and if they are
carried out by other "grassroots" unions, we try to show solidarity with them.
Current legislation makes it difficult for the union to negotiate with companies, suffering union repression, particularly during strikes,
currently with more legal limitations. In 2014 Confindustria, the Italian CEOE, and the majority unions, CGIL, CISL and UIL, signed a law on
labor representation that benefits them in exchange for further limiting the right to strike. This agreement was signed by USB, the most
numerous grassroots union. USI calls for strikes with unions that have not signed this agreement.
The labor struggles that the USI carries out are multiple, although most of them are individual cases. We have self-managed trade union
windows, structured in different ways, in different sections; in Parma, for example, in 2018 they took a hundred cases, resolved positively
on 95% of the occasions.
In all the places in which the anarcho-syndical is present, the struggle, whether small or large, is a constant. This is the case of the San
Rafael Hospital in Milan, where a strike was called in April with a demonstration in which more than 700 people participated, obtaining the
fixed hiring of precarious workers, various economic incentives as well as supplements.
In Trieste, USI mobilized against the dismantling of reception services for immigrants; in Parma, against the new Social Cooperatives
contract. In the Marche Region, the creation of an agrarian union linked to the union is being organized, which not only aims at defending
workers in the sector, but which also takes care of developing alternative productions.
Finally, it is worth highlighting the experience of Self-managed Solidarity, an organization that, from a libertarian perspective, seeks to
give concrete help in the face of natural disasters. The experience emerged with the 2012 Modena earthquake, when the local section provided
aid to the hard-hit population, and continued during the Le Marche earthquake. Among other initiatives, USI supported the March 8 general
strike; and as a historically anti-militarist organization that we are, we periodically conduct pacifist studies, debates and mobilization days.
One of USI's goals is to improve internal organization and, above all, concrete union action. We need active sections, present with an
operative union window, with reference lawyers and with the possibility of accessing services such as the unemployment claim, tax
The International Labor Confederation (CIT )), founded in 2018 in Parma, is important for USI for several reasons: for the diversity of
struggles, to maintain international contacts, to exchange experiences, for solidarity, to have the ability to intervene on a larger scale
in conflicts with multinationals; on the other hand, in an age characterized by the aggressive return of excluding nationalism, we propose
internationalism. Anarcho-syndicalism has concrete characteristics that must remain: the total independence of any party and the state;
assemblearism in decision-making processes; the determination to fight the boss and the government. But anarcho-syndicalism is not
necessary! We seek, in return, to extend the consensus in continuous coherence with the ideas that we profess, with all the limits that we
have, sure that only example and action are the best advertisement for what we think and say. We believe in anarcho-syndicalism so much that
we should not be afraid to take it to people, in a credible way and without ever taking a step back from our principles.
Translation> Sol de Abril
anarchist news agency-ana
A - I N F O S N E W S S E R V I C E
By, For, and About Anarchists
Send news reports to A-infos-en mailing list
A-Infos Information Center