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(en) el miliciano cnt-ait chiclana: Latin America stands up and the world looks the other way (ca) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 14 Nov 2019 08:37:30 +0200

This past month has been a period where several social fronts, street struggles, indigenous resistance and riots in Latin American territory have been activated. This panorama makes us think of a cycle of rebellion that makes its way again in Latin America, some revolts in the heat of others, under the premise of the confrontation of social classes. The communities of the Abya Yala continent (mostly accepted name to name America by the indigenous peoples that would mean "Land of vital blood") rise up making noise, because silence is not made for those resistant men and women. The world instead turns its back, we look the other way, including many social movements or militant organizations; we remain hidden behind our groups believing ourselves judges of the revolutionary tribunal,

This year marks the centenary of a very important European revolutionary cycle, which we have already mentioned in other issues of our publication, such as the general strike of La Canadiense in Barcelona, the Italian Rosso Biennium in Turin, or the labor council in the Republic from bavaria Experiences that marked the beginning of a cycle that had been forging for decades by the ascending international labor organization and that would still have to write some of the most revolutionary pages in the history of the working people. In the two decades that we have been in this 21st century, an increase in the organization of marginalized communities, indigenous societies and the precarious youth of capitalism in the peripheries of the system can be seen in Latin America. We are not talking about rabies stories exclusively,

Uruguayan thinker and activist Raúl Zibechi has studied these Latin American social movements extensively, identifying different theoretical and practical lines regarding social movements in Europe or the United States of America. The first issue is that they would be movements linked to the territory, but not from a national point of view, or with intentions to claim it to build a state entity. They are peasant, indigenous or urban popular movements that continue to be linked to the land, whose workforce is still linked to the territory, not to the global market. This brings us to a second question, and in the territories controlled by these social movements, non-capitalist social relations and horizontal social institutions that despise hierarchies predominate.

In the territories controlled by these social movements, non-capitalist social relations and horizontal social institutions that despise hierarchies predominate.

This leads the aforementioned writer Raúl Zibechi to coin the term 'moving societies', which would replace the denomination of 'social movements'. It would characterize these communities in Latin America their double aspect that determine their essence of struggle: on the one hand the resistance to the dominant socio-economic model, and at the same time a process of creating a new world from these territorialized social relations outside the capitalism. The challenge in the face of the classical revolutionary conception of these societies in movement is that they are themselves carriers of that new world, they should not imagine it, nor should they conquer the state political power; They build autonomous powers because that is their essence.

We will analyze next three processes that are taking place since last month in Latin America, and that have not exploded from nothing, but from the silent work of hundreds of thousands of people in continuous war against criminal capitalism. These are the revolts in Ecuador, Haiti and Chile; Some of these popular rebellions are still open, they have no beginning or divisible end, they are one more page in the history of resistance in Latin America.
Ecuador says enough to President Lenin Moreno: a social force of twenty thousand indigenous people takes the city of Quito and manages to knock down the antisocial measures

Protests in the Ecuadorian capital began on October 3. Social organizations convened marches that soon spread throughout the country in the face of economic measures introduced by its president, Lenín Moreno. Faced with the climatic urgency, the Ecuadorian president established a package of hydrocarbon measures recommended by the International Monetary Fund, which directly attacked the already precarious standard of living of the Ecuadorian population. After several uninterrupted days of protests, the repression by the police and the army greatly heated the Ecuadorian political environment, and strongly activated the opposition to its president.

On Monday, October 7, a social force of more than twenty thousand Indians began to enter the capital, arriving in a completely paralyzed and exclusively active city to collect food that would receive this huge human tide. The transport services paralyzed the country, the Governments of Bolívar and Morona Santiago were taken by the indigenous movement; and even President Lenín Moreno fled from Quito to establish the government in the city of Guayaquil. The CONAIE or Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador achieved an overwhelming symbolic victory in the country, managed to flee the president himself, and raised the entire society in Ecuador.

The militarization of Quito did not wait for its president, who used all the information available to him to launch propaganda against the indigenous movement and thus take advantage of the international support that most European countries, including his own Spanish state, provided him as a vote of confidence from the sewers of capitalism. Allegations of torture, ill-treatment and threats in police departments increased the intensity of the struggles, and also consequently a criminal repression without regard. On Tuesday, October 8 from the morning the empty building of the National Assembly was occupied by urban protesters along with the force of the indigenous communities that had taken the city. The government established a curfew, violent clashes with the police increased and the first deaths among resistant Indians began to be known. The barricades were the most common spontaneous urban structure those days, during the week tensions increased with daily marches and an absolute paralysis of the country.

As of October 12, a very symbolic date throughout America for its resistance, the balance was 27 dead, 860 injured, 120 missing, almost 2 thousand detainees and a hundred people tortured. After a dozen uninterrupted days of popular struggle, President Lenin Moreno announced the end of the economic package that set the country on fire. Indigenous blood and other popular movements had already run, and yet in the House of Culture, which was the space for indigenous counterpowers during those days, this measure was celebrated. But not before announcing that the struggle did not cease, but that it returned to other channels that they and they preferred, because they do not wish to be forced to use violence as an inescapable self-defense to which they had to resort.

The confluence of the urban anti-capitalist movements, together with the force of feminist women, and the indigenous CONAIE achieved enough union to raise their voices and rise as a people, revitalizing the class conflict, to which they presented battle in an unimaginable way in our European societies
Haiti has been years of poverty and revolts; It is the story of the long agony of a town that rises like a butterfly that flutters its wings

The Haitian people are the great unknown of Latin America, and also the poorest. It is the neighboring country of the Dominican Republic in the Caribbean Sea, devastated three years ago by Hurricane Matthew, the backyard of the United States of America and a broken toy of the International Monetary Fund. He has currently completed his sixth consecutive week of protests, which has claimed more than 30 protesters killed. The country's paralysis is total, but ... when is a territory that lives in eternal poverty not paralyzed? A country that is the most precious field of experimentation of global capitalism.

Its president, Jovenel Moise, a corrupt puppet chosen by supranational organizations, is clinging to a power that by directly managing it in favor of the IMF, benefits by enriching the country's political elite. The massive marches in its capital, Port-au-Prince, of various opposition groups are leaving a trail of blood due to the strong police violence unleashed.

Last Sunday, October 20, a new mobilization demanded the unconditional resignation of President Moise. Haitian popular movements point out the incompatibility of the political and economic situation they have with a dignified life. The disintegration of public services and the constant feeling of insecurity are tools that determine the current state of shock. While Haiti is bleeding, the world turns a deaf ear, and when we turn our backs on the poor of the territory of a small island, we are turning our backs on any alternative in our own societies.
Chile insists and resists despite the military and police violence that reminds us of the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet

The Chilean situation is very similar to the Ecuadorian one. Right-wing president Sebastián Piñera increased the price of the subway ticket in Santiago, Chile; and yet I did not know that this measure would be the beginning of a confrontation that must be read in the sense of being fed up with an economic and political model that has been drowning Chile since the Pinochet dictatorship.

Capitalist economic measures in Latin America are answered from uncontrolled rage; On the other hand, in Europe the rise in living standards is accepted as a minor evil to pay for continuing to maintain privileges. In Chile they have suffered for decades that syndrome of economic model to the European, but spread over a peripheral territory of capitalism, and with a Mapuche indigenous force that already threatens to join the social movement in struggle.

At the end of October, at the close of this edition, the military presence sent by the government has left a balance of 27 dead, 12 women raped, and hundreds of detainees and tortured, who were traveling through the Pinochet ghost again through the streets of bloody Santiago. Those streets that will stand again and again again those who insist and resist, represented by them and themselves, without partisan singles behind and with the determination to continue the fight despite the withdrawal of the meter's tariff by the president on October 23.

We will remain alert with the evolution of open conflicts in Latin America, and with the threat of starting new ones in Uruguay, Bolivia or Colombia. Abya Yala lives up to her name: land of vital blood.

Article extracted from the anarchist publication "Everything to do"

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