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(en) France, Union Communiste Libertaire AL #298 - Read: Antonini, "For a libertarian economy" (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Fri, 8 Nov 2019 08:55:43 +0200


Libertarians have counted and count many philosophers, historians, geographers, sociologists and political scientists. Economists are rarer to relate to this stream of ideas. We will think of Proudhon, Kropotkin and closer to us Michael Albert, Alain Bihr or David Graeber. However, it is fair to say that the term economist is probably reductive to describe their work and these authors do not present themselves as economists because their work is at the crossroads of several disciplines. ---- In For a libertarian economy , Frédéric Antonini questions the claim of capitalist political economy to explain all human activities. It claims a more global approach through which it is possible to think of an alternative to capitalism, that is to say a society free of profit, state and division into classes and based on self-management.

In this essay of less than 80 pages, the author puts forward ideas and proposals that he submits to the debate.

It shows how capitalism and self-management are incompatible and makes it very clear that a libertarian economy can not result from a regulation of capitalism. For all that, it defines the libertarian economy as pluralistic and specifies under what conditions various forms of production are possible. It is unfortunate that it sometimes states it as obvious and does not sufficiently explain why this pluralism is desirable.

If a revolution involves a rupture, it is also a process insofar as the constitution of a majority social bloc around a revolutionary project involves alliances. This is the case, for example, between salaried workers and a small peasantry that does not spontaneously switch to libertarian collectivism, but remains to convince of the benefits of this choice. It is therefore quite conceivable that small peasant property could be maintained without the revenues derived from the same property coming from a lucrative activity, which Frédéric Antonini supports in a general way. The small peasantry can be won over to the idea of socialization from the moment when it understands that the whole society can gain and not by the constraint and a mode of authoritarian socialization.

There are a number of avenues and transitional measures to move towards a libertarian economy, such as the transformation of public enterprises into public interest co-operatives, the requisitioning of empty dwellings and premises or unused land, or the reduction of working time with salary increases, among others. Moreover, on this subject as well as on the questions concerning the collective ownership of the means of production or non-lucrative trade, Frédéric Antonini does not fail to recall that the libertarian economy does not start from nothing and relies on practices and current economic and social realities.

The relations between libertarian societies (which will probably not live in autarky) and economies of domination are also mentioned. They are possible under certain conditions set by social and ecological criteria in particular.

While this book is not intended to be exhaustive, the thought that it wants to open would benefit to broaden the point of an economy more articulating self-management with the questioning of patriarchy (exerting an overwhelming domination over women in the field of studies economics), racism and technical ideology.

With these few reservations, For a libertarian economy will certainly help to feed the debate on the project of society and is a point of support for those who wish that the economy is not limited to a debate between sectateurs · Trices d a pure and hard liberalism and partisan of a simple regulation of capitalism.

Laurent Esquerre (UCL Aveyron)

Frédéric Antonini, For a libertarian economy , Nada May 2019, 80pages, 8euros

https://www.unioncommunistelibertaire.org/?Lire-Antonini-Pour-une-economie-libertaire
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