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(en) France, Manifesto of the Union Communist Libertaire UCL - Freeing society from the state (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]
Wed, 7 Aug 2019 07:22:54 +0300
We reject the myth of the republican state, neutral, democratic, overlooking particular
interests. The state, on the contrary, is the organization of the political violence of
the ruling classes which imposes itself at the base of society. ---- The state is a weapon
in the hands of the ruling classes. ---- cc Marie-Au Palacio / UCL Greater Paris South
---- If the state principle emerged several thousand years ago, the modern state is a
recent institution, concentrating in its hands the military, police, judicial and fiscal
resources. Based on the myth of national unity beyond social classes, the state is a
fundamental tool for population control and cultural standardization. It is the main
weapon available to the ruling classes to establish their power, both by force and
ideology. It is the essential instrument of modern colonialism and imperialism.
Mutation of the modern state
Under the capitalist mode of production, government is largely the instrument of the
interests of capital. He participates in the constitution and defense of large private and
public monopolies. The neoliberal wave of privatization and opening up to competition
perpetuates the growing hybridization of the high functionaries and the capitalist class,
whose representatives circulate, over their career, between finance, industry and
administration, weaving closer links between the state sphere and the market sphere.
If the neoliberal state claims less direct intervention in the economy, it continues to
subsidize the private sector, including strategic sectors (arms, energy, transport, etc.).
The decentralization of state power initiated in France in the 1980s did not encourage
popular power ; it simply redistributed the prerogatives of the central state to local
factions of the political elite.
Neoliberal globalization has not called into question the state principle ; it has only
transformed its methods of action. The construction of the European Union has accompanied
a change in the powers of the state by accentuating the democratic dispossession and
accelerating the destruction of public services.
Neither supranationalism nor regionalism are ways of escaping state oppression.
At a time when neoliberal capitalism has experienced successive crises since the 1980s,
the state is still more the last bulwark in the service of the bourgeoisie to impose its
reforms, suppress social protest and defend the inegalitarian social order. A growing
section of the bourgeoisie is calling for the authoritarian, racist and sexist
reinforcement of the state, as evidenced by the rise of conservative and extreme
right-wing political forces that are increasingly finding their way into the dominant
classes. . Our generation is changing into a new era marked on the right ; more than ever
we must build counter-powers that mark the break with the state.
The meaning of our anti-statism
Libertarian anti-statism is radically different from liberal anti-statism. The first wants
to emancipate society from the state and from capitalism ; it defends the collective
management of public goods and services. The second wants both "less state" to free the
markets, and "more state" police and military to control the population and defend
capitalist interests abroad.
Libertarian anti-statism is also clearly distinguished from the theoretical anti-statism
of Marxism-Leninism. Contrary to the assertion of the latter, the state is not only a
"product of class contradictions" doomed to "extinguish" itself with the disappearance of
the capitalist class. The Soviet experience has shown that it is an apparatus of
domination in itself, whose internal logic is to reproduce itself by engendering a
technocracy which will constitute the new exploiting class.
We also fight against the repressive institutions used by the state to maintain the social
order: police, justice, prisons, registration, administrative control ...
The illusion of change through the ballot box
There can be no real democracy in the context of capitalism. That is why, without making
abstentionism an intangible dogma, we are boycotting the institutions of the state and the
Participation in representative elections constitutes, for the social and revolutionary
movement, an impasse that can only engender division, compromise, renunciation,
institutionalization and instrumentalisation, displacing the exploited from direct action.
Social conquests have not been obtained through elections, alliances or electoral
allegiances, but through collective struggles.
Far from being a contempt for the people who vote, the anti-electoralism we profess is
political and not limited to the electoral deadlines: it revives the spirit of the First
International which affirmed that "the emancipation of the workers must be the work of the
We work to preserve the unity of the social movement in the face of divisions that may
appear during elections.
However, we do not refer back to back representative regimes and authoritarian and
dictatorial regimes. Both do not lead to the same degree of oppression of the people.
Public freedoms - expression, press, association, demonstration - as well as public
services are conquests of the workers' movement, which the state has conceded only to
preserve the social order. Faced with the security offensive aimed at accentuating the
social control of the population, it is necessary to defend, step by step, and to extend
each conquest obtained by the struggle. Whatever the political regime, our goal remains
the same: the emancipation of all and social justice.
A federalist alternative
Our political project proposes to substitute self-managing federalism for state and
capitalist organization. In such a society, the population will determine the main
economic and political orientations.
Revolution, as we conceive it, will have to replace indirect democracy with direct
democracy. Broad federal decentralization will have to avoid the dispossession of popular
power in favor of a new state power, centralized and cut off from society.
A genuine and truly emancipating democracy can only be realized outside the capitalist and
state straitjacket, within a classless society.
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