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(en) France, Manifesto of the Union Communist Libertaire UCL - The ecological and social urgency (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]
Sun, 4 Aug 2019 09:42:28 +0300
The living world is today threatened by climate disruption, the destabilization of
biodiversity, the poisoning of land and water, the artificialisation of land,
deforestation ... The ecological struggle is vital ; it is coherent only by being
anti-capitalist and antiproductivist. ---- Capitalism is based on the need for continuous
growth of production and an extension of its hold. It overexploit the planetary resources.
In order to optimize production and distribution, he has pushed the specialization and
prioritization of spaces through metropolisation. It keeps growing the places of
production, consumption, life and work. ---- The ruling classes feed on the illusion that
the environmental crisis could be solved by technology, without leaving capitalism. They
will fight any measure, even essential, which would threaten their profits.
They are the advocate of a so-called "green" capitalism that promotes partial solutions
exclusively technical, opening new markets without questioning the mortifying tendency to
the indefinite accumulation of capital.
Acceptance of the capitalist framework leads, at best, to individual solutions of
"voluntary simplicity" with a limited overall impact, and at worst a rationing policy for
the working classes, who are the first victims of ecological disasters. The capitalists
confiscate the popular classes the means of choosing how they consume, how they produce,
how they move, and so on. They force them to participate in the destruction of the
Conversely, we defend the prospect of production that meets the needs of humanity and
respects the limits of the biosphere. Instead of destructive exploitation of nature,
humanity will have to find a balance with other forms of life.
Three revolutions are necessary
* A revolution in production methods. The control of production by peasants will be the
spearhead of the fight against agribusiness multinationals: end of the agricultural
specialization of entire regions ; questioning the massive use of pesticides and
industrial fertilizers ; Abolition of industrial farming, chain slaughtering, industrial
* A revolution of lifestyles. We fight for an egalitarian society in which the means of
production will be socialized. A new way of life can be born. The organization of cities,
balances between cities and rurality, the organization of new habitats - promoting the
pooling of goods and facilities - everything can be transformed. A rich social life,
associating conviviality, culture, science, physical activities, festivities ... will be
able to hatch and the possession of material goods will no longer have a central place in
human life. A society where human beings no longer consider themselves superior to other
species, control the impact of their settlements and activities on the environment, in
order to live in harmony with the rest of the living world.
* A revolution of exchanges. Against free trade, we uphold the "productive autonomy."
Every region of the world must be able to produce what it needs once freed from the
dependence of multinationals. This does not mean autarchy, but short exchange channels,
and the limitation of long exchanges to what can not be produced locally.
Entire sectors of the capitalist economy will have to disappear, in particular all that is
related to the commodification of living things, the control of the dominated classes,
advertising, overpackaging, private appropriation of land, buildings and tools from
production, to the stock market and the domination of finance, to productions reserved for
privileged classes, to the absurd transport times imposed by socio-spatial segregation, to
the extraction of resources from the subsoils of the South ...
The use of raw materials with a high rate of danger, difficult to recycle and whose
extraction destroys the environment will have to be severely capped and replaced as far as
possible. We fight as much fossil fuels as nuclear.
We claim the exit of the nuclear power with immediate stop of its civil use (except the
medical uses) and military, because it is an authoritarian system linked to the military
industry implying a police management, excessively dangerous, whose pollution is
irreversible, and the antipodes of a decentralized and democratic energy model. The energy
needs, reduced by the new modes of production and life, can be met with renewable sources
of energy, produced in priority locally and according to needs.
A social ecology at the heart of the struggles
Environmental combat is intimately linked to the fight for another type of society. It is
inseparable from the struggle for direct democracy and economic equality. The construction
of a convergence between the social struggles and the environmental struggles is thus the
fundamental brick of a consistent ecologic strategy.
We reject in advance any undemocratic logic, in which experts - too often linked to the
dominant classes - would decide instead of the populations concerned.
We do not expect anything from the institutionalization of environmental struggles, nor
institutional responses to the environmental crisis. They are inefficient and preserve the
interests of the capitalists.
We want to help build the ecological struggle in a pluralistic way:
within specifically ecologist associations, defending the taking into account of the
interests of the popular classes and seeking debate and alliances with the social movement ;
within the trade union movement and associations fighting against housing, health ...
fighting for the ecological dimension to be systematically taken into account and for the
social movement to become one of the actors of environmental mobilizations.
by participating in the creation of collective tools of production and distribution.
Partial victories obtained by local resistance are important. They will only make sense if
they weaken the ideological hold of capitalism. Thus alternative experiments - constructed
in convergence with a dynamic of social struggles claiming the socialization of the means
of production - will make it possible to popularize libertarian imaginaries and to
structure elements of counter-power that are indispensable to the overthrow of capitalism.
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