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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #294 - European agriculture without pesticides ? (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Wed, 22 May 2019 09:37:01 +0300

The awareness of some of the capitalists of the risks associated with the ecological crisis does not go as far as addressing the measures needed to tackle this crisis. Thus an Iddri report on agriculture simply fails to look for the necessary measures to achieve this. ---- The Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (Iddri), created in 2001 is a "laboratory of ideas" attached to the Institute of Political Studies of Paris. Its Board of Directors includes founding members EDF, GDF-Suez and Veolia. However, Iddri has just published Tuesday, April 16 a study to show that feeding Europe without pesticides is a realistic goal [1]. ---- The scenario established by Iddri researchers aims to improve the quality of food for Europeans, reduce the climate impact of agriculture and protect the environment. They propose to abolish all use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. They estimate that this would result in a 35% decrease in agricultural production in the Union.

A necessary confrontation with the multinationals
But if at the same time eating habits changed and consumers ate more grains, legumes, fruits and vegetables and less meat this scenario would feed the 530 million people that will be the European Union in 2050.

This is furthermore advocated by the World Health Organization. Do not go crazy about the details, for the most part it's also what the consistent ecologists have said for a long time.

It is feasible ? So how to do it ? The first question is that of the will - non-existent - to leave the intensive agricultural model. The call for conditioning CAP aid [2]on environmental criteria, a proposal made by a platform of NGOs and farmers' organizations, is not taken into account, especially in the context of the envisaged 5 % of the aid envelope. Researchers claim that their model would not necessarily lead to an increase in agricultural prices, if we include "all costs, including externalities, such as health expenditures or those related to water pollution control. "Says Xavier Poux, co-author of the report. Here we are at the heart of the problem. This would contravene the rules of the World Trade Organization. Of course, there is no mention of the necessary confrontation with multinational agrochemicals ; the questioning of the logic of agricultural concentration at work for 70 years, supported by the FNSEA ; the need to break with the free and undistorted competition of the EU, etc. This subject is fundamental, but we have little to expect solutions from liberal experts.

Jacques Dubart (AL Nantes)

[1] "Agroecology and carbon neutrality in europe by 2050: what are the issues ? ", Report available on the website of Iddri.

[2] Common Agricultural Policy in the European Union

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