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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #293 - Echoes of Africa, Rwanda 1994: the dangers of racist mechanics (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Sun, 14 Apr 2019 08:54:39 +0300

It was 25 years ago, Rwanda lived the last genocide of the XX th century, organized against persons designated as Tutsis by extremist and racist Hutu power, with the ability to cause a significant part of the population in the implementation of this crime against humanity. ---- As for other known genocides, the ruling power has prepared for years the ground from a technical point of view, by establishing lists, forming militias, buying weapons, but also and especially an ideological point of view by getting the population to participate, or at least to accept the elimination of a part of the population designated as harmful. ---- It is a real racist mechanics that is at work, and whose workings are the same as those found in France and everywhere when it comes to justify racist, sexist, homophobic discrimination, etc.

To decipher this ideology, we can rely on the work of Pierre Tevanian (co-founder of the collective Les mots sont important ; lmsi.net) on racist mechanics in France: a combination of mental operations that produces a conception of the world in which he It is legitimate that certain categories of people are privileged and others discriminated against ... or eliminated if we consider the extreme case of genocide.

Read also our file on the Rwandan genocide and the role of the French State

The first operation is differentiation ; the polarization of a difference on the basis of an identity criterion. In the case of Rwanda, the " ethnic " distinction is notably the result of the first colonizers who interpreted the pre-colonial Rwandan society through the prism of race theory. The initially social distinction (like the nobility in Europe) turned into an ethnic distinction, and the Tutsis were then considered as a people of invaders implanted among the " real " Hutu Rwandans ... This idea corresponds to the second operation of the mechanics: the pejoration. " Tutsis are invaders, they are less legitimate to live in Rwanda, cunning, etc. "

Then comes the reduction of the individual to his stigma (the Tutsi acts only for his people) and the essentialization, the amalgam ... whatever the sex, the social class, the geographical situation or the family, the Tutsis are identical. This mechanics leads to scorn and / or fear of people so designated as " other ", which can then be humiliated, enslaved, raped, or massacred depending on the case and time. And the effect is even stronger if we can associate this " group " with a real external threat: in the case of Rwanda, it was the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), an army of Tutsi exiles who was waging a (finally victorious) war against the Rwandan regime from 1990 to 1994; and with which all and all the Tutsis from within were suspected of collaborating !

Christmas Surge (AL Carcassonne)

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