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(en) Czech, afed: Anarchism is not just an anarchy - The look of our sympathizer on anarchism and the effort to describe it briefly in its breadth. [machine translation]

Date Tue, 12 Feb 2019 11:21:41 +0200

Anarchism, an anti-political, non-hierarchical platform striving to circumvent the central power of the state, banks, bureaucratic institutions, repressive components, churches, or any authoritarian ideology that tolerates the oppression of minorities by most or human beings, or an extremist phenomenon. He became a scoundrel of a decent citizen as a synonym of political chaos, uncontrolled unmanage, and social disorder. The truth is, however, much more complicated. ---- "True is what defies." (Invisible Committee) ---- Though the founding thinker of anarchism and revolutionary Mikhail Bakunin was still actively involved in the International International in 1864 and was thus a part of world history, soon anarchism came to fruition because of the break with the Communists over the form of the workers' revolution. While their former close colleague and theorist of socialism, Karl Marx is still a worshiped "patriarch" of left-wing thinking, practitioners of anarchists have disappeared undeservedly in the slump of official state history. How not, when they are the greatest critic of this institution. And despite the fact that under the red embargo of Communism an incomparably more violence has been committed than under the black flag of anarchy, the anarchists are still perceived by the majority society as a greater social evil and dangerous extremism.

However, with great exaggeration, all the great philosophers, scientists and founders of new religions from Socrates through Jesus, to the Buddha, who at the time were able to resist the old patterns of thought, the existing power structures and hypocritical dogmas, began to stir up new, until then, heretical paradigm. The effort to personalize and to reconstruct society, to move it towards a fairer and more egalitarian version of the human community, serving most, not just a ruling minority, as is the case with most social arrangements from communism to capitalism, includes parliamentary democracy.

But let's go back to the history of anarchism. The Anarcho-Syndicalists in Russia and Ukraine played an important role in the organization of the Communists in Russia and Ukraine for the leadership of Nestor Makhno when the Great October Revolution of 1917 or the Civil War in Spain in 1936-39. At that time they also had a great deal of support for the people, and the social ideas of anarchism were on the rise. The vast anarchist movement, holding self-government and autonomy of the individual, was rooted in Italy, led by Erric Malatesta or Latin America. Even our anarchists bloomed wheat in the form of a person like Jaroslav Hašek, SK Neumann, or Michael Kacha in the early 20th century, when the movement was widespread throughout the world. Nevertheless, even these historical events have not significantly depreciated in the minds of the contemporaries, and they are suppressed primarily by the supporters of the anarchist movement as a sort of mythological golden age of their efforts. Official history is still silent and shows the "shepherd" of history as the black sheep of society. It seems as if anarchists in history have often fulfilled the role of the scapegoat according to Girard's mimetic theory, as in the judicial error of the Sacca and Vanzetti case, or the case of Gavril Princip, which is good to blame for various assassinations and inexplicable terrorist attacks. Though Islamic terrorists are overtaken by a big deal today, the anarchists have come out of the center of media attention. as if the anarchists in history often performed the role of a scapegoat according to Girard's mimetic theory, such as the judicial error of the Sacca and Vanzetti case, or the case of Gavril Princip, in which it is good to blame for various assassinations and inexplicable terrorist attacks. Though Islamic terrorists are overtaken by a big deal today, the anarchists have come out of the center of media attention. as if the anarchists in history often performed the role of a scapegoat according to Girard's mimetic theory, such as the judicial error of the Sacca and Vanzetti case, or the case of Gavril Princip, in which it is good to blame for various assassinations and inexplicable terrorist attacks. Though Islamic terrorists are overtaken by a big deal today, the anarchists have come out of the center of media attention.

The scattering of anarchist theories is also broad, often controversial, sometimes merging with libertarian theses or non-Christian Christianity, as in the case of the writer and radical pacifist Lev Tolstoy. As a forerunner of modern anarchism we can see Max Stirner, who, following the example of humanists, advocated the individual's individual freedom and independence, which should not be restricted to anyone or anything. G. Landauer was influenced by the contemporary philosophy of the will and power of the spirit of Nietzsche and Schopenhauer. Let's move on to the active revolutionaries Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman, who were waiting for the revolutionary transformation of the whole society, but eventually they were crying over earnings when they saw that the socialist revolution in Russia became just another dictatorship and authoritarian cult of personality. That is why later gestalt psychologist and writer Paul Goodman or Colin Ward almost resigned from the discourse of the whole-world revolution and tried to apply the ideas of anarchism in everyday life and specific actual events when they proposed to replace the revolution by a personal uprising or revolt. Murray Bookchin for change comes with an ecological view of a company that cuts a branch itself, which needs to be rectified. Writer and visionary Hakim Bey, responding to the relativistic postmodern, revolutionary, completely condemns and outlines the conspiratorial concept of "temporary autonomous zones," which states that there is a need to create "places" or "moments" of freedom outside the majority society, which can not be completely changed at any rate.

The bourgeois service of the original anarchist philosophy, in its own way, was made by a later punk scene that gave her the sign of nihilism and decadent defiance. It has created a modern cultural stereotype of society's view of anarchy. The main initiators of Sex Pistols, with their anarchy in the UK, were more generational rebellions than the planned social revolution. But by no means anyone who has a clear-headed and "fucky" system must be a priori anarchist. While it is to be remembered that some anarchopunks who have been left behind in the background of this "big rock'n'roll sword" have taken on ecological activism, animal rights, monitoring of neo-Nazi scenes - Antifa and demonstrations to support oppressed minorities. However, it is good to recognize in time whether it is not just demonstration demonstrations such as the maintenance of a flame that fades. However, civic activism can also take a different form, such as direct action such as awareness-raising, assistance to the needy, social work in the field, disinformation on the Internet or unusual cleaning of rubbish in its surroundings. Anarchism, by its very nature, does not depend on any musical style or subculture. He should be fully free, independent and fluid, and he should be able to exploit the possibilities of the current social situation and modern technologies, which he sometimes does not, and as if he has remained somewhere in the past.

The original ideology of anarchism was above all a social philosophy with an alternative program aimed at a free, decentralized and self-regulatory community of people, without state supervision and the need for repressive components based on mutual trust and tolerance. But not at the expense of the destruction of all social values and customs but of the ethical awareness of the need for natural solidarity and radical emancipation of the individual within society, as characterized by pioneer of anarchist ethics Petr Kropotkin. Here, we can also recall the final words of Bakunin about the anarchist understanding of freedom: "I am truly free only when all the human beings that surround me, both men and women, are equally free. The freedom of another is not at all a boundary or a negation of my freedom, but it is a necessary condition and confirmation. "

Contemporary anarchism fights primarily with cultural stereotypes, the rigors of conservatism, or the regression of severe nationalism. He is mindful of any form of oppression, totalitarianism and authoritarianism, and outlines the new possibilities for non-state society to function in the future. Solidarity, social justice and genuine democracy are one of its main premises, not just a vow of voters, as is the case with most political parties. Not merely "spitting" the authorities, smashing the "corporation" expense, or fist fighting with neo-Nazis, which is sometimes only a distraction of precious energy, although at the same time it can vigorously draw attention to the problems that would otherwise be medically "invisible" society to start solving them. However, it is necessary to go to the very core of the matter and not to lose sight and humor as the spice of life. Who is unable to overlook and self-reflection,

Today, therefore, anarchism is not about launching the world revolution or the immediate abolition of the state as its fathers founders who lived in another sociocultural situation of early industrialization and wage-labor working 12 hours a day in unbearable conditions, but of modern social orientation in a multipolar world, "Right" and "Left" is just the observance of outdated political stereotypes of the 18th century. It is rather a revolution in the change of patterns of thought rather than an illusory violent revolution that forces people to do something again without being convinced of it. Rather anti-militarism and pacifism, rather than aggression and violence, can be an effective weapon to create a new social climate for further development and co-operation, even if some anarchists do not think that.

From today's postmodern discourse, intellectuals and artists such as linguist and critic of American politics Noam Chomsky, anthropologist and political activist David Graeber, leftist historian Vadim Damier, active revolutionary and postmodern writer from Mexican Chiapas Subcomandante Marcos, or leftist essayists and theorists riots that have brought together the Invisible Committee. It can be also the investigative journalist Julian Assange, whistleblower Edward Snowden, political annoyances and hackers Anonymous, the Occupy movement in the US, Russian activist Pussy Riot, banksy chartbie, and musician Tom Morello of RATM. Here we can remember the radical art group Ztohoven or the Publishing House of the Anarchist Federation. However, it is not only about the well-known personalities but especially about all the necessary activists and activists, squads and squatters and squatters seeking to be a valid correction and alternative to contemporary society and pointing to injustice and oppression or chicanism by state bureaucracy, police. As Ancient Antonio claims in Subcomandant Marcos: "The battle is like a circle. It can start in any place and never end. "

By virtue of the fact that anarchism, by its very nature, defies an exact definition and its main concomitant phenomenon is thought movement, social defiance to authoritarian and totalitarianist power and ideological indefiniteness in the intentions of chaos theory, it can be stated that how many are the adherents of anarchism, so many definitions exist and sometimes contradictory views from socially leftist anarcho-communism to its almost absurd neo-liberal antithesis of anarchocapitalism, advocating personal property and the free market. Which is his advantage, but also the weakness. Anarchists are divided into many factions, adhering to the absolute correctness of their "beliefs", which often fail to co-operate or even combat, and thus their power is diminishing. If the current situation is to call postanarchism or neo-anarchy, it is more a matter of intellectual debate with beer than a question, on which to look for the answer. It would be said that there is no will here, which could imply a paraphrase of the famous passage: Anarchists of all factions - join!!!

But one thing is common to all - the anarchists do not deserve political power or accumulation of property, which can be in today's free consumerism and the focus of people on their own profitable suspicious. As the founder of the modern anarchism J-.P said. Proudhon, "ownership is theft," and as it is known - all power corrupts. Anarchism, however, wants to preserve its temporary autonomous zones of uncontrolled time and space, its own responsibility and freedom of the individual, which is becoming increasingly difficult at the time of all-profitable Internet and digital technologies often serving omnivorous marketing and unrestricted control of citizens. However, the journey to the first-ever society of "savage savages" would be only utopian anachronism. Anarchism has always been a thought avant-garde, not a reactionary return.

It is a fact that presenting a society in modern history that could operate without centralized government, even though it still takes most people more than gives it, is quite difficult. Today, the state is a dairy cow for various private businesses, an overcrowded flock of officials, and their continuing corruption, instead of actually fulfilling its social role and serving people, not him. Still, people still believe in their determining and saving power, even though today's oligarchs, who call themselves so self-appointed "good landlords" so readily, take their faces in live and prime time.

Perhaps one day, however, people are slowly waving their handkerchiefs in the stubborn construct of nationalism, stopping to worship the demons of money - Mammon in the form of late capitalism, and attempting an egalitarian arrangement of society, but without a totalizing tendency from the past. It is not necessarily that social chaos or, if you want, anarchy, but it may be that order without government. Perhaps one people will be freer, more responsible and ecologically more human. Or is it just the utopia of a handful of idealists? Everyone must answer it himself. Anarchism, however, is not just anarchy.

Recommended reading:
Anarchistic Revue Existence (https://nakladatelstvi.afed.cz/existence)
Brochures Anarchist Federation Publishing House (AF) (https://nakladatelstvi.afed.cz)
Bakunin, Michail - God and the State (Publishers AF + Herrmman and sons, 2014),
Kropotkin, Peter - Anarchist ethics (Votobia, 2000),
The Invisible Committee - Revolt comes (Rubato, 2014)
Invisible Committee - our friends (Rubato, 2018)
Tomek, Václav; Slacálek, Ondrej - Anarchism - Freedom Against Power (Vyšehrad, 2006)
Tomek, Václav - Czech Anarchism 1890-1925 (Philosophy, 1999)
Marcos, Subcomandante - Tales of Old Antonia (Publishing AF, 2017)
Faber, Claude - Anarchism - Story revolt (MME, 2006)
Richards, Vernon - Malatesta (biographical notes), (Publishing AF 2018)
Damier, Vadim - History of anarcho-syndicalism (Publishing AF , 2016)
Graeber, David - Revolution vice versa (Broken Books, 2014)
Graeber, David - fragments of an anarchist anthropology (Broken Books, 2014),
Chomsky, Noam - Occupy movement (Broken Books, 2014

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