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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #290 - Neither god nor schoolmaster: The end of an adventure, seeds sown for the future (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Tue, 8 Jan 2019 09:28:31 +0200

The Prevost orphanage Cempuis continuing its educational mission consistent with libertarian principles that Robin puts into practice for the first time in an institution under the Ministry of Education of the III e Republic. That, until 1894, when he was suspended from his position as administrator and educational manager of Cempuis. For what reasons ? ---- Co-education makes waves ! ---- And not only co-education: it is an establishment without a god, which follows the new laws promulgated in 1880 removing the obligation to treat duties towards God, and Cempuis goes with Paul Robin assume its secular dimension and send back the parish priest of the orphanage until then on mission in the establishment. It is that Paul Robin is fiercely atheist, and this despite (or probably because of) a family environment of origin strongly marked by the Catholic religion with a canon uncle. In the mid-1890s, he became a member of the French Federation of Free Thought. But what concentrates hostilities against Robin and his innovative experience, it is obviously the gender mix at the orphanage, the co-education as it is then called.

In the early 1890s, propaganda by the fact is in full swing in Europe and France. As early as 1881, political assassinations targeted European crowned heads, and in 1892 Ravachol's bombs made Paris tremble. But as early as 1893, it was Auguste Vaillant who attacked the National Assembly and gave rise to a first law aimed at punishing indirect provocation to violent action. However, it is with the assassination of the President of the Republic Sadi Carnot in June 1894 that the most repressive law, and aimed specifically at the anarchists, is voted. All anarchist propaganda is thus prohibited and Paul Robin's libertarian principles will suffer directly from this difficult context that gives wings to conservatives and reactionaries of all kinds who see the opportunity to attack anything that calls into question the established order. .

In this way, the Catholic circles are agitated with a spirit of revenge against the pedagogue of the integral education and it is the good tone press of the time, with in figure of prow La Libre Parole, which orchestrates a campaign of press against the " pornographer " Robin. It will only take a few weeks of these attacks for the prefect of the Seine to order the revocation of Paul Robin and the end of the most innovative educational experience of the time. Proof is made, if need be, that libertarian education can not develop in the shadow of a state that always obeys the orders of the conservative bourgeoisie, and that this education of liberty can only be done far away. churches and the state that serves interests contrary to those of popular emancipation.

This is for Cempuis and Paul Robin, the conclusion of fourteen years of experiments that will leave many observers inspired by Sébastien Faure to Francisco Ferrer, the Spanish pedagogue who served as the red wire at the beginning of this column. It ends here, it gives way to a theme that should challenge us and mobilize us all in our daily struggles because its urgency is felt every day more pregnant: anti-fascism.

Good luck to you and see you soon in the struggles !


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