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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #289 - Read: Palheta, "The Possibility of Fascism" (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Mon, 31 Dec 2018 07:38:39 +0200

Yes, of course, fascism comes from capitalism in crisis, in its neoliberal avatar. And yes fascism is real, present, actual. If Ugo Palheta confirms this warning and this observation, he formulates above all very useful updates of the concept of fascism and its mechanisms, where too many myths, shortcuts and simplifications prevent us from understanding the new forms of the extreme right, and of to defend it. ---- The irruption of racism as a standardized variable ---- With a strong Marxist style (Bensaïd trend) the analysis is dense, documented and fluid at the same time, always interesting, useful. ---- Useful to avoid the double pitfall of the " rubbery " extension of the term of fascism to all forms of authoritarian government, and its reduction to a nebula of " populisms ", a vague concept, making people feel guilty and of dubious efficiency. The author affirms the "complexity and autonomy" of fascism which he proposes some redefinitions including that of a " mass movement that claims to work for the regeneration of an imaginary community[...]organic[...]by the ethno purification -racial (or cultural)[...]by the recess of everything that seems to jeopardize its unity " . Acting through violence, repression and terror " systematic " , fascism relies on a " support " multiclassist and not only proletariat or high bourgeoisie.

As for its conditions of emergence, Ugo Palheta resumes with finesse the history of the endless crisis of capitalism, its exhaustion, the irruption of racism as a normalized variable of political discourse, the degradation of living conditions, the growing repression. A crisis that could structurally last forever without fascism emerging as a possibility. It is to a loss of hegemony of capitalism that we must attribute the rise of fascism, visible in the current stage of a " bourgeois bloc ", prepared by twenty years of ideology of an extreme neoliberal center and macroniste in full, but also enemy of the popular classes, Islamophobe today as we were antisemitic yesterday, nationalist ... The former FN is a perfect vehicle " in gestation ", to the composition of a neofascism. Undaunted by the electoral setbacks, his theses are now widely shared and the broad base proposed by LREM can still feed its foundation. What are the mechanisms at work leading to a truly fascist authoritarian state, through which the " racist offensive " is expressed to prepare the ground for it ? The book provides answers and useful ways to resist in ideas and concrete action.

Cuervo (AL Marseille)

Ugo Palheta, The Possibility of Fascism, France The Path of Disaster , The Discovery, September 2018, 269 pages, 17 euros

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