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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #289 - 1810: a pollution management is set up (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Thu, 27 Dec 2018 07:31:56 +0200

The decree of 1810 claimed to regulate polluting industrial activities. But it was much more important to legitimize industrial development than to control the consequences, even if the issues discussed, distribution of pollution and risks for the population, seem modern. ---- Between 1800 and 1850, the big establishments and factories develop. The created pollution is causing growing discontent among residents. The prefects, confronted with the problem, ask the Council of salubrity [1]to produce its opinion on each establishment. We are entering the era of technicians and decisions are centralized in Paris. ---- Read: " 1791: the polluters legislate, the people pay, " November 2018
The elaboration of the new standards is legitimized by the setting up of a collection of statistics. They allow industrialists to build their facilities closer to the people without being worried. There is then predation of vacant lots, market gardening or any other large vacant space in the cities. The state favors the process by making available the ecclesiastical goods nationalized by the Revolution.

Thus, a law purporting to regulate industrial nuisances has, on the contrary, made it possible to bring urban centers among the most polluting establishments closer to one another. In the Paris region, this vision of the distribution then produces a strong pollution, breaking with the pre-revolutionary management. [2]For smaller towns or rural areas, the distance to settlements is easier. But again, when there is " consultation ", it takes place in the capital and not with the concerned citizens.

Read: " Ideas: The company facing the industry ! » , October 2018

Classroom layout
The Safety Council has served the interests of industry for decades, ignoring the health issue. The liberal chemist Darcet, [3]very influential in the Council, has worked hard to admit a distribution of industries in poor neighborhoods, legitimizing this act by bringing them closer to the workforce, or " that the property value would increase in these poor neighborhoods .

The beautiful neighborhoods are out of reach, since the presence of factories there would devalue the properties. Let us quote one of the good words of Darcet: " the populations of the workers are very tolerant ... more difficult to offend for vapors than the voluptuous inhabitants of Choisy ". It is also in favor of the concentration of unhealthy establishments in Paris towards the Bièvre valley, a working-class and working-class suburb of southern Paris. This tributary of the Seine will be so polluted during the XIX th century that it will eventually be covered to make it disappear in the eyes of Parisians.

Reinette reinette (AL Aveyron)

[1] Read libertarian Alternative , November 2018

[2] See Libertarian Alternative , October 2018

[3] Thomas le Roux, " The distancing of insalubrity and industrial risk in the city: the decree of 1810 put in perspective (1760-1840) ", in History & measurement 2009/2.

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