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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #286 - Italy: Between financial crisis and state racism (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Mon, 1 Oct 2018 08:12:58 +0300


The new Italian government - resulting from a coalition between the Five Star organizations and the League - is an assembly with unstable electoral balance. Torn between these different components, the Italian executive sails to leave all classical Italian political forms in disarray, while accentuating clientelism. ---- Whatever everyone thinks about the non-party, in theory, the Five-Star Movement (M5S), his victory in the last general election is a surprise only outside Italy. This movement, which really emerged out of political circles, recorded in the polls as in the discussions in the coffee shop and in the alcoves, a sympathy that has been growing. ---- Obviously, the spark of departure was not a popular revolt but the bet of a quasi-retired humorist. Giuseppe " Beppe " Grillo was the spark, but if the fire started in the meadow, it was because the conditions were favorable for the fire. The victory is unequivocal - 32% - leaving the second party of the ruling coalition, the fachos of the former Northern League, at 17% ! One-third of voters voted for the 5S move, compared to only 1/6 (half !) for the League. Nevertheless, the other big winner remains the abstentionist party, because even if it does not reach the French level, it was the highest of all the known elections, 27%. We must therefore relativize the craze for the League or the M5S, of course, unless it is for the political circus.

Repolitization in trompe l'oeil of the 5-star movement
The M5S, consistent with their disruptive ideology, went alone to fight. The League, true to its rantings, has joined three other right-wing parties just as avant-garde as it. This coalition finishes at 37% and 109 seats. Among them, the party mafio-entrepreneur communicating Silvio Berlusconi. The parliamentary left-wing coalition had no less than five dinosaurs that end up at 18 percent and 86 seats. Other parties or coalitions, including the revolutionary CasaPound Nationalists (self-represented), do not realize enough votes to sit. The M5S alone get 88 seats ... So we must ally. As a result, there is now a bitter after taste because the league is on the rise for recent contextual reasons (migrants and Acquarius). ? Clearly, this means that the traditional parties have collapsed, Berlusconi is trying to capitalize on the alliance with the League that considers it has been and ignores it, the parliamentary left parties are pulverized, the far-right parties or right represent the nuisance booster force that the M5S is forced to aggregate if he really wants to put his proposals. Some M5S members and journalists talk about an Italian form of hostage-taking.

The game of alliances favors the right turn
" Make everything change so that nothing changes " : this adage that puts Lampedusa once again on the front of the stage since it comes from the novel by Tomaso di Lampedusa in a classic of Italian literature, seems to stick perfectly to the case Italian. Finding itself in this political situation, the first proposal of the Prime Minister had been refused (too anti-Brussels), the second ready to laugh the next day. Indeed, Giuseppe Conte would have a little ' hacked "His CV way Rachida Dati a few years ago. Practices that are all classic in a country marked by a subtle form of corruption and clientelism that, if they manage slowly with the anti-mafia struggles, nevertheless persist in an unbearable way for Italians in everyday life. Inside, it is the chief of the League that sticks, Matteo Salvini. Its program is simple and understood, to send back Roma, migrants and any foreigner entered illegally, to close the door to immigration. Italy having the lowest birth rate in all Europe and aging like all European countries, we can expect the impossibility of achieving this fantasy except to return the women to the maternity force. Italy is preparing more surely on this subject to have to measure the hiatus between firm speeches on foreigners, and more and more migrants, with a misunderstanding pushing for the one that will really prevent foreigners from coming, so more to the right. Another rich idea of Salvini, allow the citizens to defend themselves officially in organized group, in short leagues or militias of self-defense. The League having the wind in its sails, the social proposals of the M5S, its critics of the European Union sometimes close to a certain Mélenchon in France, his proposal for an unconditional basic income, but a transitional one for the most deprived (with no real relation to the basic income defended by the French Movement for a basic income or the universal historical allowance), are becoming secondary and becoming more and more inaudible. And the fact that most of the elected representatives are not actually professional policies makes them more and more inability to take up control or convincingly answer the budget criticisms of the expenses to be incurred for the proposals of the M5S. Italy has a level of debt close to Greece before the Brussels punishment. We must therefore expect in this context to be unpredictable. Given the mode of operation of the M5S, they may as well resign this no longer satisfying them at all And the fact that most of the elected representatives are not actually professional policies makes them more and more inability to take up control or convincingly answer the budget criticisms of the expenses to be incurred for the proposals of the M5S. Italy has a level of debt close to Greece before the Brussels punishment. We must therefore expect in this context to be unpredictable. Given the mode of operation of the M5S, they may as well resign this no longer satisfying them at all And the fact that most of the elected representatives are not actually professional policies makes them more and more inability to take up control or convincingly answer the budget criticisms of the expenses to be incurred for the proposals of the M5S. Italy has a level of debt close to Greece before the Brussels punishment. We must therefore expect in this context to be unpredictable. Given the mode of operation of the M5S, they may as well resign this no longer satisfying them at all ! This will allow old traders to take the place still hot and perpetuate what was already long. The climate will, of course, be at best Euro-skeptical, at worst a troublemaker, but an Italexit would make the Italian financial situation apocalyptic from the point of view of the prevailing economic orthodoxy. But these new, they are capable of everything ...

François M. (Friend of AL)

The Italian political minestrone
Giuseppe Conte, President of the Council, from the South, a professor of private law, spoke with politeness but clearly against an extended welfare in a country that already has few insurance and social benefits.

The M5S occupies the following ministries: relations with parliament and direct democracy Riccardo Fraccaro, south Barbara Lezzi, justice Alfonso Bonafede, defense Elisabetta Trenta, infrastructure and transport Danillo Toninelli, culture Alberto Bonisoli, health Giulia Grillo (without relatives with Guiseppe Grillo), environment General Sergio Costa, economic development and social security Luigi di Maio (right arm and successor of Grillo), European affairs Paolo Savona (that one even that had been refused as President of the Council by the President of the Republic for euro-skepticism, a height !). Almost all of them are perfect unknowns, as much as novices in " politiquanteries ". To the economy, Giovanni Tria. The latter was chosen while he was clamoring the agreement " vague " , according to him, between League and M5S. He ruled in favor of a flat tax (the single tax rate on income), which can openly question the need for funding for the M5S basic income. Foreign affairs, a convinced Europeanist (we are no longer at a contradiction) Enzo Movero Milanesi.

The league obtains the following ministries: to our equivalent of public services Giulia Bongiorno, to regional affairs (Italy has five autonomous regions or special statutes) Lorenzo Fontana, to agriculture Gianmarco Centinaio and to education ( our national education) Marco Bussetti.

These are, until today perfect marionettes of Salvini (who is Minister of the Interior). Knowing that the League has often voted for more independence of the regions (ie " do it well, and farewell to equalization because we spend too much money for the South ") not to say do Secession from Rome and below, the decor is set so that it is prepared quietly.

An unexpected actor but oh so welcome has been introduced since mid-June in the debate. Roberto Saviano, the anti-mafia writer, took the floor to talk about Salvini jester after the latter, in his delirium of budget cuts, felt that his protection should be removed because unnecessary. Indeed, Saviano pointed out how, strangely, during the meetings of the League in Calabria and Sicily, all the families of Cosa Nostra (Sicily) and Ndrangheta (Calabria) were both very present and at the same time very peaceful times, despite the anti-South contempt and ethnocentrism of Salvini and the League. Chance, surely ...

François M. (Friend of AL)

http://www.alternativelibertaire.org/?Italie-Entre-crise-financiere-et-racisme-d-Etat
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