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(en) [France] The radio without God, without masters and without advertising for more than thirty years By ANA (ca, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Mon, 3 Sep 2018 10:08:16 +0300


History of Radio Libertaire , the voice of the Anarchist Federation ---- An anarchist radio on FM waves? The bet might have seemed like a challenge ... And it still is! On September 1, 1981, Radio Libertaire , the radio of the Anarchist Federation (FA), first issued its voice in Paris and in the suburbs. ---- True to its original commitments, Radio Libertaire never stopped fighting for the freedom of the waves, claiming its autonomy in relation to the State and refusing to enter into the system of commercial radios, of well-endowed radios. ---- Thanks to the help of her listeners, she was able to remain a true free radio "without god, without masters and without publicity". ---- Nothing, however, has been won in advance, and Radio Libertaire will have to earn its right to issue amidst thousands of difficulties and despite the repression and maneuvers of the state.

It was the Congress of the Anarchist Federation that, in May 1981, signed the birth certificate of Radio Libertaire . After long and contradictory debates, this congress unanimously accepted the idea of launching a radio that would be the organ of the FA. This radio still did not have a name, no call sign, no real project, no host and, for its launch, a budget of 15,000 F! No congressman at this time could have predicted the sequence of events, except that, at first, anarchy would again be in the air. As in 1921, when the Kronstadt insurgents launched radio messages; as in 1936 in Spain with Radio CNT-FAI, or when the anarchists participated in the free-to-air movement in France in the late 1970s, including Radio Trottoir (Toulon) and Radio Alarm whose animators were members of the Anarchist Federation.

It was on September 1, 1981, at 6:00 p.m., in a humid basement on the Montmartre high that the radio adventure began. And in a very rudimentary way, in precarious conditions, defying the laws of the radio: a 12-square-meter studio with a paraphernalia of recovery equipment, a mini-team of six people. First calls from listeners, letters from first listeners ... and the first interference!

Meanwhile, many ex-prisoners of free radio were setting up high-end studios to conquer the future cake of FM waves. The spirit of free radios has already begun to agonize, victim of the financial appetite of some officials of radios ex-pirates. In August 1983, the Socialists put an end to "wave anarchy", confiscating many transmitters, including Radio Libertaire . On August 28, at 5:40 am, the CRS (Republican Security Companies) appeared in front of the facilities of Radio Libertaire . They broke through the door, picked up all the material. The animators were questioned and arrested, the antenna cable and the pillar were cut. Neither the armored door, nor the numerous listeners present, could impede the taking of our radio. The Socialists, then in power with their allies of the Communist Party of France, certainly did not fairly evaluate our resolve, much less the solidarity that thousands of listeners have shown us over the last two years. Two years of building, day after day, solid and friendly links between Radio Libertaire and its public. The answer was immediate. It's impressive. Its most important aspect was, on September 3, 1983, a manifestation of 5,000 people and the re-broadcast of Radio Libertaire .

The intense and warm moments were so numerous, the twists so frequent that it is impossible to report in an article: the galas, the congestion of the "money-radios", the problems with the power, obtaining the derogation, the manifestations ... one can draw , through these events, the chronology of important dates in the history of Radio Libertaire . The most important, in fact, can not be written. This is the daily and collective history of Radio Libertaire , which we all have, hearers and animators, from the plots. These are tens of thousands of hours of transmission, of telephone communications, that have generated correspondence, exchanges and meetings. Radio Libertaire was built over time. They all brought their stone: their voice, their knowledge, their competence, their energy. Radio Libertaire , is also this listener who brings a microphone (can be useful to them); this one leaving your business card (I'm an electrician, if you need ...); this retired (I'm sick, and you know my retirement is lean ... but come and eat someday.); this blind man who, thanks to the ads of mutual support, can walk tandem (bicycle of two places) in the field with a young woman ... and brings back flowers to the seat of the radio; All these letters reach 145, Amelot Street, to support, ask a question, encourage, suggest, inform, criticize. When a magazine, an association, an individual, a union, the Anarchist Federation, these phones are exchanged, the meetings that are marked, these networks are created and reinforced.

The cultural identity of the station was built over time. The first animators brought their albums to the studio and made known to thousands of people, artists such as Debronckart Fanon, Servat, Gribouille, Jonas, Utgé-Royo, Aurenche Capart and many others. In 1982 came so naturally in our waves another song that we heard in the squats , at the margin of the system: alternative rock. Then other songs naturally found their place on Radio Libertaire: jazz, blues, folk, industrial music, rap, reggae. Obviously, other artists met the radio that opened for many forms of expression: comics, visual arts, theater, literature, cinema ...

Radio Anarchist Radio Libertaire , however, opened its microphones to its friends: anarcossindicalistas of the CNT or other unions, Free Thinkers, Pacifist Union, Esperantists, Human Rights League. And once again it is in daily life, in struggles and encounters, that the whole natural opening of Radio Libertaire to the social movement is constructed: striking workers, the unemployed, the homeless, squatters, antiracists, ecologists, refractories, exiles, ex-convicts ... Seizures of the crisis occur, and the daily work of Radio Libertaire is disturbed by the exigency of the moment. It is the student movement of 1986, and Radio Libertaire becomes the radio of the movement: reports on the streets, round tables in the studio, antenna open to witness police violence, agit-proppermanente . The Gulf War explodes, and Radio Libertaire becomes the "anti-war" radio echoing all the RL, which announces rallies, rallies, neighborhood committee meetings hour after hour, while proposing debates and analyzes. Just as naturally, it is in these hot moments that Radio Libertaire finds its true dimension of radio of struggle. At Radio Libertaire , there are also a thousand reasons for listeners to bother, attack, protest against technical imperfections or comments they find to be incongruent, provocative, too reforming, or too radical. But it is especially, we hope, reasons to discover the pleasure of debate, struggle and libertarian ideas. Disputes ... Fascinations ... And that's good! In a mercantilized, dehumanized, spectacularized world, where triumphant ca
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