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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #284 - The survival of humanity in question! (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Tue, 19 Jun 2018 10:37:46 +0300

According to the reports of the Intergovernmental Science and Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, " Biodiversity and the contributions nature makes to people seem, for many, remote from our daily lives.[...]They are at the heart not only of our survival, but also of our cultures, our identities and our joie de vivre ". ---- The meaning of biodiversity is not necessarily understood by everyone. Let us first recall that biodiversity refers to the diversity of ecosystems - all plants, animals and micro-organisms that interact in the same geographical location -, animal and plant species and genes of individuals within the same species. ---- This extraordinary wealth of life forms on our planet is constantly evolving, renewing itself, adapting to changes in climate and physico-chemical soil data. Sometimes biological crises occur. Five massive extinctions have been recorded, during which at least 75% of the animal and plant species present on Earth disappeared in a short time at the geological time scale (a few million years maximum). These extinctions are the result of major disturbances: great glaciation ; strong reduction of oxygen concentration in the oceans ; meteorite impacts ; volcanic crisis ...

The last extinction, 66 million years ago, resulted in the disappearance of dominant animal species - especially dinosaurs - and plants, and the expansion of mammals and flowering plants. But today, a sixth mass extinction is at work and its origin is undeniably linked to human activity (see article opposite " Collapse of biodiversity ").

What is being played today is obviously not the destruction of the planet. Life on Earth touches only a thin layer on the surface of the planet, as well as surface water and the atmosphere. Life on Earth itself is not really threatened. After this phase of extinction, a new equilibrium will be established and allow new life forms to flourish. But on the other hand, the balance of life forms that we know today is likely to collapse.

Agricultural productions are threatened
The consequence is obvious: the current balance of life has allowed the development of agriculture and the expansion of humanity. Deforestation, overfishing, artificialization and poisoning of soil and water by pesticides, and today the rise of the climate crisis have triggered a collapse of biodiversity. In our countries, insects and birds disappear at a vertiginous speed, wild plants disappear in number, the microfauna of the soil, that is to say, what makes them alive, is very bad. With almost sterilized soils and pollination of plants in difficulty, agricultural production is threatened. Thus, the productivist logic that today orchestrates human activities is preparing a major agricultural crisis.

This scenario is not inevitable. Ecology can not be a supplement of soul within social struggles. It is necessary for us to put anti-productivism at the heart of all our actions, otherwise we will continue to dig the grave of humanity.

Jacques Dubart (AL Nantes)

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