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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #279 - Special file: The Marxian dimension of anarchism (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 11 Jan 2018 08:24:04 +0200

It was 200 years ago that Karl Marx was born. Why continue today to explain the fundamentals of his criticism of the economy ? Simply because, if there is one theoretical element common to Marxism and anarchism, it is the analysis of capitalism. ---- So much so that one can say that the critique of the economy corresponds - in an assumed or repressed way - to the " Marxian " dimension of anarchism. To call oneself " Marxian " and not " Marxist " amounts to adhering to Marx's method of analysis, but not to his political orientations and those of his appointed successors - parliamentary or authoritarian socialists. ---- Beyond their differences on socialism, Proudhon, Marx and Bakunin had many identities of views: on the ownership of the means of production and the class struggle, the wage-earning, on the idea that only the work is creator of wealth , therefore of surplus value.

Marx borrowed much from the writings of other authors (Ricardo, Proudhon, Victor Regardant, Saint-Simon ...). His monumental work, Capital, condenses all these contributions, bringing the analysis to a degree of rigor and clarity without precedent. It has since been integrated into the theoretical corpus of the various currents of socialism, including anarchism.

Evoking, in a manuscript of 1870, Marx's " magnificent work on Capital " , Bakunin judges that it " should have been translated into French for a long time, because none, to my knowledge, contain such a profound and luminous analysis. as scientific, as decisive and, if I may so express myself, as mercilessly unmasking, the formation of bourgeois capital and the systematic and cruel exploitation that this capital continues to exert on the work of the proletariat ".

But the historical quarrel between Marx and Bakunin would lead the majority of the anarchists of the following generations to throw the baby with the bathwater. From now on, in the anarchist movement, the name of Karl Marx could only be pronounced with a grin of disgust ... For several decades, few were those who assumed this legacy - and among them we can quote Amédée Dunois (1878- 1945), Georges Fontenis (1920-2010) or Daniel Guérin (1904-1988) - before the libertarian communist current openly integrates " the best of Marx ".

In the 1970s, the Anarchist Revolutionary Organization reissued the Abridge of Cafiero's Capital . Subsequently the UTCL and finally Alternative Libertarian have continued this momentum.

A file coordinated by Winston Ronwen (AL Moselle)

In summary:
Alain Bihr (sociologist): " Even insufficient, Marx remains necessary ! "
Political economy: The usefulness of Marxian criticism for libertarians
Basics: Capitalist logic in eight basic notions
the value
the work force
domestic work
the capital gain
the trend decline in the rate of profit
Marx or Keynes ? The development of capitalism is no longer epoch
On the borders of Marxism and anarchism, councilism
Proudhon, the instigator denied
Bakunin, the critic heard
Daniel Guérin, returned from " libertarian marxism "
The " other communism " remains relevant

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