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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL Novembre - Associations: Merchandising the Social Sector: Stop Dumping (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]
Tue, 21 Nov 2017 08:01:15 +0200
The frantic pursuit of savings measures, the aim of successive reforms over the last
twenty years, has resulted in a decrease in the financing of structures and widespread
competition. ---- For nearly twenty years, the social and medico-social sector has
undergone changes that profoundly affect professional practices and cultures. Under the
guise of " promoting the rights and freedoms " of people in the institutions, successive
governments have been constantly reforming the organizations and administrations in charge
of social action. All these reforms were conducted for one purpose: to reduce costs. ----
Governance ---- Already, the 2002 law renewing social action, and Act II of
decentralization, endorses and promotes a change in organizational paradigm with the
introduction of the term " governance ", and thus a new conception of organizations and
their operation. This term governance, borrowed from Margaret Thatcher in the 1980s, under
the guise of sound management of public institutions, meant the implementation of
monitoring and accountability mechanisms, as well as the deregulation of public services.
Thus, with regard to the social and medico-social institutions, the implementation of the
external evaluation, combined with multi-year contracts of objectives and means (budget
allocation granted to associations for a period of four years) n will have no other
purpose than to reduce costs. The frantic pursuit of savings measures, in the name of the
principle of major budgetary balances, leads to a decrease in the financing of social
structures, the submission of the existing one to calls for tenders and the competition of
structures between they.
Associations everywhere rationalize the cost of labor by downgrading and lowering the
management ratios. Occupancy rates are exploding, extensions are being created everywhere
at a constant rate. Associations close, merge or are absorbed by larger associations that
recover public money and pool resources on all their institutions.
But let us be clear, the associative model subsidized by the public authorities is about
to be relegated to oblivion. Thus, it gives space to business schools, banks, insurance
companies, foundations and investment funds who see a very good eye on the possibility of
scratching money on public solidarity ! Any " social entrepreneur " (and that's how they
name themselves) can now respond to a call for tenders through a social impact contract,
with a return on investment of up to 13 % ! Doing ' scratching' "On the protection of
childhood, disability ... we expected no less from these exploiters of misery ever more
greedy, and quick to the spread of social dumping.
Another reform voted in the social protection budget of 2016: " The Serafin-PH project "
(services and institutions: reform for the adequacy of funding for the pathways of people
with disabilities) that will completely transform the financing of associations of the
disability sector. Modeled on successive hospital reforms, the Serafin-PH project is part
of the continuity of liberal policies with " activity pricing " instead of " pricing
instead ". The nomenclatures have been structured in three areas: health, autonomy,
It is therefore not surprising that, in the institutions, care and support follow-up
software is submitted to the educational and paramedical teams, where it is requested to "
transcribe all the deeds established with the residents in order to to allow a more
effective follow-up of the journeys of the accompanied persons ". This will be the
short-term means of assessing the needs and therefore the funding for each person received.
Moreover, the public hospital sector has already experienced this with the PMSI (program
of medicalization of information systems), which was said to be a device aimed at reducing
the inequalities of resources between health facilities on the territory. reform of
hospitalization ! And we immediately saw the effects: tens of thousands of closed beds,
hundreds of nursing stations, caregivers, ASH, maternity, services that disappear !
The budgets of social and medico-social institutions will again be seriously impacted,
which will allow, of course, to open the Pandora's box to smoky entrepreneurs " social ".
The commercialization of the social and medico-social is in progress and the Macron
ordinances will facilitate the remodeling of the face of social action around
organizational and economic models. The world of finance will insidiously transform our
professions, and the accompaniment of users and users will be resolved to a simple social
intervention with a massive recourse to liberal social workers and thus the uberisation of
It is undoubtedly established that the associations will be able to go there from their
project CDI, in order to make up for the unquestionable withdrawal of funding from the
public authorities. And because everything is well put together, the training schools and
the social work institutes are, despite themselves, involved. We learn to respond to "
social order ", we invent new jobs, to stick to the demands of financiers and thus adjust
the costs ...
But it is the employees who leave feathers there. Beyond the wages frozen for nineteen
years, massive attacks on collective agreements and the questioning of extraconventional
agreements, the loss of meaning in the work, the destruction of work collectives are
causing real suffering. Warning rights are drawn everywhere, but the discomfort is
structural and difficult to contain.
Consent to regressions
Because these social work reforms operate insidiously, under the guise of " better
accompanying the public ", they provoke in professionals a real difficulty to understand
these issues and induces a lack of reaction, or even consent to regressions. It is all the
work of the union teams in place to explain the ins and outs of these reforms, responsible
for their malaise at work and the pressures they face, and to mobilize the greatest number
against the commodification of the sector.
Marie-Line (AL Lyon)
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