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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL Novembre - Associations: Merchandising the Social Sector: Stop Dumping (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Tue, 21 Nov 2017 08:01:15 +0200


The frantic pursuit of savings measures, the aim of successive reforms over the last twenty years, has resulted in a decrease in the financing of structures and widespread competition. ---- For nearly twenty years, the social and medico-social sector has undergone changes that profoundly affect professional practices and cultures. Under the guise of " promoting the rights and freedoms " of people in the institutions, successive governments have been constantly reforming the organizations and administrations in charge of social action. All these reforms were conducted for one purpose: to reduce costs. ---- Governance ---- Already, the 2002 law renewing social action, and Act II of decentralization, endorses and promotes a change in organizational paradigm with the introduction of the term " governance ", and thus a new conception of organizations and their operation. This term governance, borrowed from Margaret Thatcher in the 1980s, under the guise of sound management of public institutions, meant the implementation of monitoring and accountability mechanisms, as well as the deregulation of public services.

Thus, with regard to the social and medico-social institutions, the implementation of the external evaluation, combined with multi-year contracts of objectives and means (budget allocation granted to associations for a period of four years) n will have no other purpose than to reduce costs. The frantic pursuit of savings measures, in the name of the principle of major budgetary balances, leads to a decrease in the financing of social structures, the submission of the existing one to calls for tenders and the competition of structures between they.

Associations everywhere rationalize the cost of labor by downgrading and lowering the management ratios. Occupancy rates are exploding, extensions are being created everywhere at a constant rate. Associations close, merge or are absorbed by larger associations that recover public money and pool resources on all their institutions.

But let us be clear, the associative model subsidized by the public authorities is about to be relegated to oblivion. Thus, it gives space to business schools, banks, insurance companies, foundations and investment funds who see a very good eye on the possibility of scratching money on public solidarity ! Any " social entrepreneur " (and that's how they name themselves) can now respond to a call for tenders through a social impact contract, with a return on investment of up to 13 % ! Doing ' scratching' "On the protection of childhood, disability ... we expected no less from these exploiters of misery ever more greedy, and quick to the spread of social dumping.

Another reform voted in the social protection budget of 2016: " The Serafin-PH project " (services and institutions: reform for the adequacy of funding for the pathways of people with disabilities) that will completely transform the financing of associations of the disability sector. Modeled on successive hospital reforms, the Serafin-PH project is part of the continuity of liberal policies with " activity pricing " instead of " pricing instead ". The nomenclatures have been structured in three areas: health, autonomy, social participation.

commodification

It is therefore not surprising that, in the institutions, care and support follow-up software is submitted to the educational and paramedical teams, where it is requested to " transcribe all the deeds established with the residents in order to to allow a more effective follow-up of the journeys of the accompanied persons ". This will be the short-term means of assessing the needs and therefore the funding for each person received.

Moreover, the public hospital sector has already experienced this with the PMSI (program of medicalization of information systems), which was said to be a device aimed at reducing the inequalities of resources between health facilities on the territory. reform of hospitalization ! And we immediately saw the effects: tens of thousands of closed beds, hundreds of nursing stations, caregivers, ASH, maternity, services that disappear !

The budgets of social and medico-social institutions will again be seriously impacted, which will allow, of course, to open the Pandora's box to smoky entrepreneurs " social ". The commercialization of the social and medico-social is in progress and the Macron ordinances will facilitate the remodeling of the face of social action around organizational and economic models. The world of finance will insidiously transform our professions, and the accompaniment of users and users will be resolved to a simple social intervention with a massive recourse to liberal social workers and thus the uberisation of the sector.

It is undoubtedly established that the associations will be able to go there from their project CDI, in order to make up for the unquestionable withdrawal of funding from the public authorities. And because everything is well put together, the training schools and the social work institutes are, despite themselves, involved. We learn to respond to " social order ", we invent new jobs, to stick to the demands of financiers and thus adjust the costs ...

But it is the employees who leave feathers there. Beyond the wages frozen for nineteen years, massive attacks on collective agreements and the questioning of extraconventional agreements, the loss of meaning in the work, the destruction of work collectives are causing real suffering. Warning rights are drawn everywhere, but the discomfort is structural and difficult to contain.

Consent to regressions

Because these social work reforms operate insidiously, under the guise of " better accompanying the public ", they provoke in professionals a real difficulty to understand these issues and induces a lack of reaction, or even consent to regressions. It is all the work of the union teams in place to explain the ins and outs of these reforms, responsible for their malaise at work and the pressures they face, and to mobilize the greatest number against the commodification of the sector.

Marie-Line (AL Lyon)

http://www.alternativelibertaire.org/?Associations-Marchandisation-du-secteur-social-halte-au-dumping
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