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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL Novembre - Counter-reforms: After the prescriptions, the Unédic in the viewfinder (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Sun, 12 Nov 2017 07:57:36 +0200


The movement against the ordinances showed the current difficulty to build convergences. However, we will need more than ever against future attacks, which will subordinate the rules of unemployment insurance and vocational training to the needs of employers. ---- Trade union activists who had lucidly analyzed the difficulty of striking off their colleagues and expanding the mobilization in 2016 were anxiously awaiting the sequence opened by the Macron Orders. They did not count on the CFDT, which must be measured as indicated by its first place in the private sector. But they did not expect the betrayal of Mailly, whose putting in minority in the National Confederal Committee of FO at the end of September produces hardly any visible effects. When at the FSU, she had clearly bet on the inter-union of the public service by focusing the mobilization on claims, certainly real, officials.

In this context, the choice of the CGT to plant dates without negotiating them can be understood, but this way of doing does not help the construction of the unit. The obvious refusal of a tête-à-tête with Solidaires will eventually pay for itself too. Let's add that Mélenchon's initiative on Saturday, September 23, and the arrogance of his criticism against the unions [1]are contributing to the environmental turmoil !

Here the operation " Hunting HRD ", consisting of disrupting a meeting of HRD in a restaurant in the Bois de Boulogne on October 12 finds an original place. On the one hand because it is urgent that the bosses, their ministers, their deputies and their HRM know, feel, a little of the social insecurity in which we immerses their aggressive policy; on the other hand, because it is positive to succeed in getting unionists and activists in the leadership to act together, opening a dialogue between two generations and two political conceptions. In Nantes, even the CGT understood the interest of the thing. By mixing media actions and surprise actions, it is possible with a few hundred activists to give back the punch to union action. A return to the historical methods of revolutionary syndicalism.

The cabin "House of the people" in Nantes during the event of October 10, 2017. (c) ValK
Following the broad inter-union of October 24, the call to strike on November 16 the CGT, FO, Solidaires, Unef, Unl and Fidl is the result of an unsatisfactory compromise. It is weak against prescriptions and on public / private convergence. He offers us once again a day without tomorrow. All combative union teams have understood that such a day will not serve more than the previous to back down Macron and bosses. So how to move towards real enlargement ? By trying to use the chance given by this day to build at the base, with AG in companies and localities, a strike renewable.

A recession period of the social movement is conducive to all settling of accounts, including internally organizations. At the SNCF, we approach the caricature when SUD-Rail calls for a strike without the CGT on October 10, then the CGT without SUD on the 19th. The difficulties to build an " all together " also legitimize the corporatist withdrawal: drivers, dockers and soon refineries will seek to use their professional balance of power to protect themselves, partially, prescriptions. But it is also a period that favors all outbidding, whether leftist or emanating from intermediate directions in the CGT for example. Some of these directions, which usually refuse to act for the concrete construction of the strike when it is " playable ", Seem at ease to talk about it when it is not likely to overflow them in real !

Today we have more calls for convergence than real convergences. The appeal launched around the Copernic foundation, that launched around Solidaires, that of the Social Front. In the cities, activists sometimes gather under one or another label and so much better if it allows to build concrete actions and local solidarity but it is usually an empty shell.

Let us formulate a proposal that has not been attempted: call a three-day general strike to allow local inter-unions to meet in AG and decide local events and massive blocking actions to be successful. On the evening of the third day, it is time for the GA to take stock.

Strengthening the control of the unemployed

Organizing an effective response is all the more urgent as the attacks will continue. Consultations with union and employer confederations have begun with a view to future social reforms of the government. They concern unemployment insurance, vocational training and apprenticeship.

While we still have limited information on their content, the government's announcements allow us to identify some of the issues. With regard to unemployment insurance, the current paritarianism assured by Unédic should disappear and place it under the complete supervision of the State. Yet it was one of the social conquests of the post-war period. As a reminder, unemployment insurance was initially a social security issue. But the creation of Unédic in 1957 was for FO the opportunity to double the CGT and become, in this field, the interlocutor of employers. Removing Unédic and substituting an increase in the generalized social contribution (CSG), which is a tax, to the unemployment insurance premiums is a clear message to the government about its intention to end remains, despite everything, a conquest of the labor movement. By taking Unédic out of joint management, the State will decide on the amounts and terms of unemployment compensation. Its subordination to the employer's interests is no more than to hand over to Medef the keys to the management of unemployment insurance.

It is still too early to clearly identify the future unemployment insurance that will emerge from this reform. But it is feared a harmonization of the French system on the English and German models. Provision can be made for a lump sum indemnity financed by the CSG, with a potential compensatory supplement financed by employer contributions.

For the government, an effective public employment service should have as its main mission to put pressure on private employees to accept jobs that are more and more precarious and less in less well paid. The recent declarations of Pierre Gattaz and the spokesman of the government Christophe Castaner join the campaign promises of Emmanuel Macron: the missions of Pole employment will be redirected towards an increase of the sanctions and the control of the unemployed, in particular in case of refusal of a job offer.

As far as vocational training and apprenticeship are concerned, this is also a whole project of society which points to the reforms ahead. Emmanuel Macron and Jean-Michel Blanquer have, on a number of occasions, described the vocational high schools and the apprentice training centers as duplicates. Their goal: to suppress the first for the benefit of the latter. Because in terms of initial training, vocational high schools are the result of long struggles to educate, in public education, minors receiving vocational training. This schooling has made it possible to set up balanced training courses, including general subjects, which are more permanent and emancipatory for the social integration of individuals. On the contrary, apprenticeships remain under the tutelage of the professional branches,

Finally, wanting to reform lifelong learning may seem laudable, with the government announcing its desire to strengthen the criteria for labeling training organizations. But the project is somewhat misleading if we remember that the policies in this area for fifteen years now have mainly consisted in the dismantling of public bodies - Afpa and Greta - for the benefit of private pharmacies ...

Jean-Yves Lesage (AL 93) and François Molinier (friend of AL)

[1] By sending the unions back to the old world, Mélenchon tries to make us forget that the demoralization, the demobilization, the precariousness of the workers are the result of the liberal policies led by a PS of which he remained a member and guarantor for so long ...

http://www.alternativelibertaire.org/?Contre-reformes-Apres-les-ordonnances-l-Unedic-dans-le-viseur
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