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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL spécial de juillet-aout: history, Reportage from beyond the grave: "The funeral of Kropotkin" (1921) (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Sat, 5 Aug 2017 14:23:49 +0300

They are all there: Bolsheviks, Mensheviks, Socialist-Revolutionaries and, of course, anarchists ... partisan of the regime or persecuted by it, no one could miss this twilight event in more ways than one: the funeral of the old revolutionary Kropotkin in February 1921. This exceptional document was well worth a new commented translation. ---- Do not miss the special record 1917 in Alternative Libertarian of July-August 2017, available in good kiosks . ---- The Funeral of Kropotkin, 1921 (FR) from Alternative libertarian on Vimeo . ---- On February 8, 1921, the old revolutionary, the great scientist and principal theorist of anarchism, Pierre Kropotkin, died at the age of 78 in Dmitrov, near Moscow. On February 10, the coffin is transported by train to the capital, where the body is exhibited for two days at the House of Unions. The funeral takes place on February 13, in the presence of 20,000 people.

The All-Russian Department of Cinema and Photography (VFKO) made a complete report on the event.

No libertarian tendency could afford to be politically absent. But other currents also wanted to be represented, whether the Socialist-Revolutionaries, the Mensheviks or the Bolsheviks.

On these exceptional images one can clearly decrypt some banners.
We can thus see: - the banners of libertarian organizations satellized by the regime, such as the All-Russian Federation of Communist Anarchists and the All-Russian Section of Anarchist-Universalists ;
- that of an oppositional libertarian organization: the Ukrainian anarchist Confederation Nabat (which, in fact, was already disbanded on that date) ;
- the Union of Maximalist SRs, an extreme left-wing group ;
- a group of repatriated anarchists from the United States, the majority of whom have joined the regime.

We find the same diversity among the anarchists identified on the screen - some of whom were relatives of Kropotkin. There are:
- militants who cooperate with the Soviet regime: German Sandomirski, Alexander Atabekian, German Askarov, Vladimir Barmach, Alexei Borovoi, Nikolai Lebedev, Alexandre Schapiro;
- others who, at that date, are breaking up, like Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman ;
- opponents persecuted by the regime, such as Efim Yartchouk, Grigori Maximov, Nikolai Pavlov and Markous (from the All-Russian Confederation of Anarcho-Syndicalists), but also Lev Tchernyi and Aaron Baron (from Nabat) ;
- Independent figures such as Georgi Gogeliia and Piro ;
- others, on which we have no information: Anosov, Petrovski, T. Schapiro.

A few weeks after these funerals, the Petrograd strikes and the famous Kronstadt revolt will break out. The communist power will then decide to eradicate any space of free expression. The pro-regime anarchist organizations will pay the price, and will be dismantled before the end of the year. Kropotkin's funeral was therefore the last opportunity for them to demonstrate publicly.

One of the animators of the anarchist confederation Nabat, Aaron Baron, is released for the duration of the funeral.
In the special file
of Alternative libertarian

February-March 1917: After the Tsarists, drive the capitalists
Minority but galvanized, the anarchists advocate expropriation all the way
A tract of the Communist Anarchist Federation of Petrograd (March 1917)
April-May: the irrepressible rise to the social explosion
The first libertarian wave (1905-1908)
Anarcho-syndicalists in factory committees
June-July: insurrection not enough
The fiasco of the days of July
August-September: the counter-revolution digs its own tomb
The Other Components of Russian Socialism in 1917
October red (and black): the assault in the unknown
A Ukrainian revolutionary: Maroussia emerges from oblivion
November 1917-April 1918: from pluralism to the confiscated revolution. Four cleavage points:
People's Power vs. State Power
Socialization against nationalization
Popular militia against hierarchical army
On requisitions and expropriations
Epilogue 1918-1921: resistance and eradication

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