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(en) Ruptura Colectiva (RC): Libertarian communalism and self-government in Syria

Date Wed, 2 Aug 2017 07:43:49 +0300

We've published this interview called "Libertarian communalism and self-government in Syria" made by an internationalist comrade who prefered to remain anonymous, but encouraging to extend the debate about the Syrian revolution along the world. The main questions on cultural and political relations (and also the radical differences) between the Arab autonomous councils that have been formed since the revolution start on 2011, the Kurdish parties organizative forces and the connotation of try hegemonize the Middle East conflicts of imperialist countries , In a way to understand all advances and gains of this armed process for a better life for the most important subject in this scenario: the communities & people. ---- - Hello, Fatima! Please tell us about the local self-government the Arabs and Kurds in Syria.

Hi, comrade! I think the local level, through the communes, there is some local autonomy and self-organization at least to make very local level decisions. But in general what has happened, most structures and decision making are very top down, PYD led and controlled (PYD is Kurdish party supporters of Abdullah Öcalan, the Syrian branch of PKK). I think the question is how to support more radical elements and the energy that has been unleashed now with Kurdish youth and not support PYD project. The Arab project has been much more bottom up. It is not party led, but it brings together people from different backgrounds for practical buisness of self-organizing communities. In this way I find it more progressive. But there are still big challenges, there is still limited participation of women in council positions.

- Are you an anarchist or libertarian socialist?

I would have replied anarchist, but I am getting less and less comfortable with ... I think it is the European anarchism that has put me off this self-identification too ... there is a blindness and an unwillingness to see problems -or understand context - a very romantic vision and those of us that try to raise awarness of PYD authoritarism get slandered as Arab nationalists or jihadi supporters ...

- So can you tell me is there ane self-governments in Syria also in shiaa areas like Fua or in Latackia Alavite?

It is not permitted by the scheme. In the early years of the revolution there was organization of committees, bringing together Alawi and Sunni, etc. Activists for protests etc. But self-government would be impossible.

- How powerful are Arab tribes in the Syrian towns? Do they influence self-government? For example, in Palestine Homula (arab tribe) has a great impact on the lives of Arab societies almost everywhere. In Syria is it the same?

Depends. In some areas they are powerful. They often participate in local councils in those areas.

- What do you think happens if Shiaa coalition (Iran + Hizballa + Iraqi Shiaa + Fatimiyuun of hazarians + Asad) win the war in the most part of Syria? Is that like Iran's occupation?

I think they will win the war and with the help of the West too in the 'war on terror'. The Arab areas now being destroyed, from without and within, nearly over and Rojava will then be targetted. I think we can already talk about Iranian / Ru occupation in large parts of the country, the regime is finished, it does not exist, it is completely dependent on outsiders maybe there will be a partition with different groups / powers having control of different Areas.

- But I am not sure about Rojava permanence, it could be under USA controll more and more.

Yes, but USA is aligning with regime more and more if there is a partition, maybe there will still be a Rojava but I imagine with more central government control.

- Why do you think so?

I do not believe there was ever a 'regime change' plot. Even under Obama, there was a call for Assad to go, but never to dismantle the regime. Like in Yemen. There was a lot of rhetoric about supporting the opposition but in reality it was limited, nothing like what we see for PYD now. The USA was responsible for blocking other countries sending heavy weapons to FSA (Free Syrian Army). Now under Trump there is an increasing consensus (and I think in the West more generally) that Assad should stay in the interests of 'stability' and 'fighting terrorism'. The USA tried to work with FSA to fight ISS on condition they drop fight against Assad, they did not get hardly any groups to sign up, so they will be created SDF (Syrian Democratic Forces is a coalition of the Kurdish militia YPG and Arab militias,

- I have some Arab Militias That information and tribes are fightin wit SDF together today and there are alot of them.

Yes, of course, there are many Arab groups fighting with SDF. For me, I can not feel positive about SDF, it is operating as a US proxy force. I think also people make too much of Arab participation in SDF or PYD structures. It's a political issue here, not ethnic. (Kurds-like Manbij-, Christians -in Yabrood-, Ishamaili, Kurdish-like, Kurdish, -in Salamiya-, etc.) Also we have to ask about some of the Arab groups in the SDF. Some of them are very pro-Assad. The Manbij military council has 2 Arabs on it even members of parliament regime. I have questions

But of course, there is also a lot of support for SDF from all different groups, they are fighting Daesh, they are liberating communities from Daesh rule. But I do not think they will be obidient to PYD all the time ....

Alliances are quickly formed and dimmed in war, based on necessity and what is most useful at the time. Especially in the North the tribal relations are also very complex and play a big role. I can not even pretend to understand all of that and the role it plays.

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