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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL spécial de juillet-aout Morocco: The Rif Revolted (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Tue, 1 Aug 2017 12:17:26 +0300


Since the death of Mikhail Fikri in October 2016, the Rif is shaken by a dispute that does not falter. Faced with this movement, the ruling caste turned a deaf ear, slandered and repressed. The strength of this movement is part of a long history of revolts and demands against the marginalization by the Moroccan power. ---- The Rif was one of the most combative regions in the liberation struggle of Morocco. Spain knows something about it, as the Spanish settler suffered one of its worst hardships during the Battle of Anoual 1 in 1921, in front of the Rifal guerrilla led by Abdelkrim Al Khattabi. After the liberation, the will to seize the Rif from the royal palace and the aristocracy of Fes will know some resistance. The Istiqlal party, composed largely by the intelligentsia of Fez, Has often highlighted its cadres during the negotiations with France and Spain, while the bulk of the armed forces of liberation were composed of the sons of the other regions of Morocco, the same cadres having been put in key positions of the post government independence. The arm of iron then began in the midst of Moroccan power, on the one hand the Moroccan monarchy whose radical fringe is represented on one side by the torturer Hassan II and on the other by the Istiqlal.

Institutionalized marginalization

It was in this context of power-taking that the events of 1958 began a revolt, followed by a ferocious repression that was still perennial in the memory of the Rif. During these events, Istiqlal was overtaken by protest, and the monarchy took advantage of this fragile moment of its political rival to inflict collective punishment with the help of the newly created Royal Armed Forces, one of whose heads, A certain Mohammed Oufkir 2, will show an unlimited sadism.
The years that followed will barely give a minimal recognition of existence to the region by the central Moroccan government. The survival of the Rif is only achieved through smuggling with the two Spanish enclaves Ceuta and Melilla, the almost institutionalized cannabis culture, fishing and investment of emigrants. Working in Europe and originating in the region.
The spark that made the hirak (movement) emerge in the fall of 2016 goes back to the murder of MohcineFikri, a fish seller who was trying to oppose the destruction of his goods (500 kilos of swordfish) declared illegal by the authorities . But what about the non-intervention of these same authorities, upstream, when fishing with industrial trawlers, and the entry into the port of this merchandise ? The answer lies in the corruption practiced at all levels in Morocco, where the most powerful never fall, allowing the weakest to suffer repression in their place. The masquerade of the condemnation of the eight agents guilty of having carried out the arbitrariness of the Moroccan State is one of the examples of this practice. From this masquerade of arrests, Or the one who tried to drown the affair by arranging with the family of the deceased, the hirak is not fooled. Sit-ups began to flourish on the central square of the city to demand justice, to lift the marginalization of the region immediately, and to have Mohammed VI directly involved.
This direct questioning of Mohammed VI speaks volumes about the loss of legitimacy of all the political parties by the troubled play of the Palace. The Rifaines and Rifains do not lack lucidity by making the democratic mask fall by this gesture. This lack of legitimacy of the political parties is the work of a monarchical power that has undermined the evolution towards a constitutional monarchy initiated by the 2011 Constitution.
The latest proof of this lies in undermining the negotiations that followed the parliamentary October 2016. In order to form a majority government, the Justice and Development Party (PJD), the majority party in the outgoing government, Had to form alliances with other parties. Except that the National Rally of Independents (RNI) Aziz Akhannouch powerful businessman, friend of the king and Minister of Agriculture, said blocking to form the coalition with the PJD, as it grants No more ministerial portfolios at the RNI. Six months after blocking Mohammed VI decided to select another member of the PJD, Saâdeddine El Othmani, head of the government, instead of former Prime Minister Abdellah Benkiran, supposedly not quite domesticated.
The movement has grown even if it remains confined to the city of El Hoceima and its surroundings. The demands are clear: investment of the Moroccan State in education, health and job creation. Faced with these demands, the Moroccan government first emerged the arsenal of media hype: the current movement would only be the result of the external plot of jealous powers, sometimes Spain, sometimes Algeria. And to brandish the word fetish, the fitna, that is to say, the discord within the Muslim community. Thus, Syria is erected as a foil to dissuade any dispute. Added to this is the old chimera of separatism often attributed to the Rif.
On the side of institutional political parties, All of them condemn with one voice this movement and the unions drag their feet for open support. When semantics and screens are no longer enough, good old methods resurface. The demonstrations were dispersed with batons, and more than 180 roundups of activists took place day and night. This repression accelerated after the arrest of several figures of the movement including Nasser Zefzafi, a highly publicized icon of the hirak. In response, exclusively feminine nocturnal events arose, just as repressed as previous ones. This repression accelerated after the arrest of several figures of the movement including Nasser Zefzafi, a highly publicized icon of the hirak. In response, exclusively feminine nocturnal events arose, just as repressed as previous ones. This repression accelerated after the arrest of several figures of the movement including Nasser Zefzafi, a highly publicized icon of the hirak. In response, exclusively feminine nocturnal events arose, just as repressed as previous ones.

Solidarity in the rest of the country

Faced with this escalation of repression, on June 11, a day of mobilization was organized across the country to support the hirak, demand the liberation of the prisoners and the immediate end of the repression.
In Morocco a two-speed, with a monarch keen to continue its predation, rule of law missing, a liberal policy unscrupulous, it is undeniable that the protests and revolts against the more démuni.es grinding will continue. The hirak is the most successful expression of it today.
Marouane (AL Paris-Nord-Est)

http://www.alternativelibertaire.org/?Maroc-Le-Rif-revolte
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