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(en) [July 25] LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN BLACK WOMAN'S DAY by Brazilian Anarchist Coordination (ca, fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Sun, 30 Jul 2017 08:52:33 +0300


ALL BLACK WOMAN IS A QUILOMBO! ---- "[...]. It is necessary to understand which class informs the race. But race, too, informs the class. And gender informs the class. Race is the way the class is lived. In the same way that gender is the way the race is lived. One needs to reflect enough to perceive the intersections between race, class, and gender in order to perceive that between these categories there are relations that are mutual and others that are crossed. No one can assume the primacy of one category over another. "
Angela Davis. ---- We Black and Black and the condition of slavery. ---- The estimate is that, over 400 years, 12.5 million people have been removed from Africa in one of the largest forced migrations in history. The Caribbean and South America received 95% of the blacks who arrived in the Americas. Brazil received almost half of the 11 million people enslaved landed in the Americas.

The slavery trade served as a mainstay for the creation of capitalism, either by the accumulation of wealth in the metropolises - since the transatlantic trade was the one that generated revenues for the creation of industries in Europe - either by the slavery market itself, which was The most profitable business in the Americas, and made it possible to factorize Amerindian colonies into the centuries of brutal and unbridled exploitation of our "open veins": slave companies were highly sophisticated from a business point of view, working at very high rates of profit - 20% net per trip*.

The colonization not only had a central economic sense, it also had other conditioning factors, such as political and social. During the colonization, there was a violent contact between black, indigenous and European cultures, involved in a racist project of the Brazilian elite that invested in a gradual and silent whitening, masked of "racial democracy". We live in a common place, near here, called Brazil, made up of three sad races as Belchior said, but this myth of the three races that generate by the harmony of a new ethnicity, the Brazilian, is nothing more than a lie, it hides the whole Violence suffered by the races subjugated in this process of domination. It is from this same myth that the pearls that say: "in Brazil there is no racism", "I am not racist" and that they can not see that even though there was no differentiation policy, as was the aparthaid of the USA and South Africa, Brazilian integration was as bloody as it was. The truth is that the formation of the Brazilian people arose from a colonial, sacred and paternal rape:

white supremacy through state power led to genocide of black and indigenous people, exploiting our people for the production of wealth. The word "rape" is fundamental in the description: designed with the intention of intimidating and terrifying women, slave owners encouraged their terrorist use to put black women in an inferior position. Virtually all the narratives on slavery in the nineteenth century bring reports of sexual violence suffered by women in the hands of masters and overseers, The conjugation of white and masculine supremacy. The Portuguese were already a mestizo people before arriving in Brazil, due to their historical contact with Saracens, Arabs and Africans. Therefore, they did not have the fear of "being polluted" as they had the North American and South African dominators. Soon, part of the whitening project of our elites came by the practice of rape. Already the word "sacred" comes into question, for all this was done with the blessings of a white and patriarchal (pope) church, in the image and likeness of its white gods, in which it proliferated at four winds and in favor of the rich , That black and black had no soul to be saved. They did not have the fear of "being polluted" as they had the North American and South African dominators. Soon, part of the whitening project of our elites came by the practice of rape. Already the word "sacred" comes into question, for all this was done with the blessings of a white and patriarchal (pope) church, in the image and likeness of its white gods, in which it proliferated at four winds and in favor of the rich , That black and black had no soul to be saved. They did not have the fear of "being polluted" as they had the North American and South African dominators. Soon, part of the whitening project of our elites came by the practice of rape. Already the word "sacred" comes into question, for all this was done with the blessings of a white and patriarchal (pope) church, in the image and likeness of its white gods, in which it proliferated at four winds and in favor of the rich , That black and black had no soul to be saved.

With the formal abolition of slavery, there was no such dreamed integration of the Negro into class society, which led to criminality and imprisonment. The option for immigrants was not only a working option, but a laundering of the population, in a "second phase" of the white elites' project. We live in a racist society that exploits and harasses our black people from police violence in the urban peripheries and quilombola communities to symbolic and institutional violence.

Violence of gender, class and race.

Brazilian racism finds in misogyny an efficient mechanism of oppression. Institutional racism strikes black women frighteningly, given that they are most affected by the socioeconomic inequalities of a country that is still a slave, and that lives a setback of the rights won with a lot of struggle for the underdogs. All reforms, Proposed Constitutional Amendments and Provisional Measures designed by the above come to reach all of the lower, but that will have a differentiated impact on historically forgotten groups such as the black women who least complete the Elementary School and Medium, nor Higher Education. They are also the ones that work the most, but with minimal income and under conditions of underemployment. They are the ones that receive least assistance from the SUS (such as shorter care, Higher infant mortality and sickle-cell disease, etc.), basic sanitation does not reach all our communities, making us the most affected by diseases. According to the map of violence (2015) the murder of black women grew by 54.2%. Regarding domestic violence, 58.86% are black women.

Black women's maternal mortality is also the highest at 53.6 percent, and they are the ones who most need to give up some aspect of our lives to account for all the barriers posed by white and patriarchal supremacy - whether it's the job we want, the Leisure that one likes, the united family, among many others. According to the map of violence (2015) the murder of black women grew by 54.2%. Regarding domestic violence, 58.86% are black women. Black women's maternal mortality is also the highest at 53.6 percent, and they are the ones who most need to give up some aspect of our lives to account for all the barriers posed by white and patriarchal supremacy - whether it's the job we want, the Leisure that one likes, the united family, among many others. According to the map of violence (2015) the murder of black women grew by 54.2%. Regarding domestic violence, 58.86% are black women. Black women's maternal mortality is also the highest at 53.6 percent, and they are the ones who most need to give up some aspect of our lives to account for all the barriers posed by white and patriarchal supremacy - whether it's the job we want, the Leisure that one likes, the united family, among many others.

In female prisons, according to the National Survey of Penitentiary Information (Infopen) in 2014, two out of three detainees were black (68%). Of the detainees, 57% were single, 50% had incomplete elementary school and 50% were between 18 and 29 years old. Brazil is the 5th largest with female prison population. This is just a picture of the extermination and criminalization of the poor, black and peripheral population who have their lives cut through the armed wing of the state - the police. Still according to Infopen, drug trafficking is the crime that most holds women in Brazil. This number reaches 68%, followed by robbery (10%) and theft (9%).

The war on drugs justifies the death of black people in the favelas. And it is the black women who suffer most from the extermination of their children, since parents abandon their children even before they are born.

The media contributes to the sensitization of the black woman's body, which is decisive for rape cases. As a typical example, it is the black and young woman (and why not say, Northeastern in the case of Brazil?) That is the most objectified in Carnival. Not to mention the advertisements of beer, car and other merchandise that, to be sold, have their value adjectivado by the female body, mostly black women's body. The media reinforces and naturalizes the concept that "the cheapest meat on the market is the black meat" and serves for appreciation and use by man.

Black women also suffer when they can not manifest their spirituality, culture and religiosity. Violence against umbanda and candomblé - religions of African origin - is widespread, as well as criminalization. In 2015, cases such as that of the girl Kaylane Campos, struck with a stone in the head, at the age of 11, in the Penha neighborhood, in the Northern Zone of Rio, when she returned to a cult house and dressed in religious garb and a terreiro Of Candomblé that was set on fire in Brasilia shows us how intolerance allied with white and Christian supremacy produces racism and violence, spreading hatred.

Black Resistors

Every black woman who keeps walking and faces racism and machismo in her daily routine is an icon of strength and celebration of blackness.

Since the beginning of enslavement in Brazil, black women have remained steadfast in resistance. Whether by direct action, as our old black women did in the kitchens of whites, or by organized resistance in the quilombos. In many cases black women's resistance involved more subtle actions than riots, breakouts, and sabotages, including learning to read and writing clandestinely, as well as passing on to the new knowledge considered subversive by the masters.

At present, the organization in mixed social movements, however self-organized by gender or racial identity, are our tools of struggle. Only the organization and self-defense of black women against machismo, white supremacy, capitalism and the state can free us. We are aware that the parliamentary struggle will not bring us the fruits of resistance; on the contrary, it will strengthen the new chains of slavery.

The silencing of Tereza de Benguela - another black woman neglected by Brazilian history - represents a way of making history for which we can not bow. A white, sexist and Eurocentric story that sings a lot of feminisms, but that does not fit in our ranks. It cries out the need to build our feminism, not Eurocentric, with our indigenous and quilombola roots.

Viva Dandara!

Viva Tereza of Benguela!

Viva Negra Bonifácia!
________________________

[1] * http://cienciaecultura.bvs.br/scielo.php?pid=S0009-67252011000100021&script=sci_arttext

https://anarquismo.noblogs.org/?p=784
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