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(en) Switzerland, Three decades of libertarian activity in Ticino By ANA (pt) [machine translation]

Date Mon, 3 Jul 2017 09:02:36 +0300


Last year, the circle Carlo Vanza (from Ticino, Italian-speaking Switzerland) celebrated its thirty years of existence. Founded as an association in Minusio, in 2003 it moved to a new headquarters in Locarno, and from 2014 moved to a larger space in Via Convento 4 in Bellinzona. ---- Its library currently has more than five thousand five hundred books, whose catalog can be consulted on the web page anarcobolo.ch/vanza, where you can also see the next activities and those already done, along with several documents, in addition to a large archive Of documentary collections and of libertarian magazines. Most of them are in Italian, French or German. ---- It tries to specialize in the libertarian movement in Switzerland and in the new trends of anarchism, in particular antimilitarism and self-management, not forgetting feminism or free thought.

Annually it promotes a dozen cultural initiatives, demonstrations and libertarian events, not only of the "traditional anarchist" type, in order to offer a broader audience moments of debate, dialogue, confrontation and coexistence on anti-hierarchical thinking and praxis .

The Circle is financed only with the ordinary and extraordinary annual quotas of its fifty members (approximately). It publishes annually or Bolletino del Circolo Carlo Vanza . Besides, comrades of the Circle publish every four months the excellent magazine Voce Libertaria . The headquarters is open on Saturday afternoon, which offers the occasion to enjoy informal moments and coexistence, meetings and exchanges between colleagues.

The Circle is part of REBAL (Rete delle Biblioteche and archivi anarchici e libertari) and is a member of the International Federation of Libertarian Documentation and Study Centers (FICEDL) , in addition to collaborating with the International Center for Research on Anarchism (CIRA) in Lausanne , In the Cantiere Biografico degli Anarchici in Svizze , which collects more than two thousand pieces of anarchists who have developed some activity in Switzerland.

Why Carlo Vanza?

Of course, one can not forget Carlo Vanza, especially now that he has completed forty years of his death.

Carlo Vanza was born in Biasca on May 11, 1901. Although he obtained the title of elementary school teacher, he never worked in school. In fact, he was affiliated to the Socialist party in 1922 and embraced anarchism, and in that same year he clandestinely accompanied Giuseppe Peretti, Giuseppe Bonaria and others, to the Italian anarchist Errico Malatesta from Bellinzona to Saint-Imier because of the 50th anniversary of International anti-authoritarian. "On my return I found myself with the unpleasant surprise of revenge consummated against me by the socialists who governed in my village, who, not knowing how to overcome resentment at having abandoned their party, found nothing better than to deny me the confirmation I should give At those dates,

From 1923 it collaborates in Risveglio communist anarchico (from 1925, Risveglio anarchico ) of Geneva. In the twenties he will be active in the Bellinzona group with Giuseppe Peretti, Antonio Gagliardi, Giuseppe Bonaria, Antonietta Griffith, Franz Moser, Rosalia Griffith, Cleia Dotta, etc., who helps numerous Italian anti-fascist exiles to establish themselves in France or America, in collaboration with Luigi Bertoni and Carlo Frigerio de Ginebra, and Ferdinando Balboni in Basel.

He has been an animator since 1928 of the anarchist group of Biasca, whose aim was to contrast "the incessant fascist penetration in Switzerland, and in particular in our Ticino ... through energetic and dignified action." At the request of the cantonal police, the local gendarmerie responded in 1930: "he manages the Hosteria do Norte in Biasca, with an attached grocery store. Teacher, although he did not work in school. A rough and violent character, he was at some time deputy in the offices of the Biasca prefecture. By request of the 20 of April of 1929 requested authorization to publish the magazine Vogliamo ". Effectively, between 1929 and 1931 will be editor of the anarchist magazine of Ticino Vogliamo! (We Want!), Which is subtitled "Monthly magazine of social, historical and literary culture".

In this magazine appears in January-February 1931 the Manifesto of the Anarchist Federation of Ticino (Federation founded in the Plenary of Bellinzona of November 23, 1930, first with headquarters in Lugano and later in Biasca). In 1931 he met the Italian anarchist Rodolfo Guscher (later expelled with Pacciardi from Switzerland at the request of Mussolini) who will reside in Lugano. The attempt by Gunscher and others to organize a demonstration in front of the Italian delegation in Lausanne in the summer of 1932 is not due to some provocative Fascist residents in the Ticino (later expelled), and some explosive charges will fall into Vanza's hands. Which will then be undone.

In the summer of 1948, Vanza opens a library with the anarchist group of Biasca. He is a member of the Italian Anarchist Federation (FAI) and continues his intermittent collaboration in several anarchist publications: Il Risveglio anarchico in Geneva, Il Libertario in Milan, Umanità Nova, Bolletino interno della FAI, L'Internazionale in Ancona, and other Ticino periodicals As Libera Stampa, Il Pungolo , from Lug year, Il Dovere , from Bellinzona. For the first of May of 1950 a public intervention of his is rejected by the Labor Chamber.

He participates in the VII National Congress of the FAI in Rosignano, in 1961, as delegate of the Italian anarchists in Switzerland. In September 1972, he was present at the Centenary of the anti-authoritarian International in Saint-Imier, accompanied by Romano Broggini, where he met up with his fellow companions of his age in Zurich.

Here he makes contact with the new generations, since he has participated in the meetings of the recent Anarchist Organization of Ticino, founded in December 1973. He died in Biasca on August 31, 1976, shortly after returning from a trip, Coming from Basle to visit fellow Balboni.

Alice Vanza, maiden Rodoni (1905-1992) donated in the late eighties a part of her husband's library - about three hundred and twenty titles - to the recently created Circle.

Gianpiero Bottinelli

Source: http://www.nodo50.org/tierraylibertad/345article.html

Translation> Sol de Abril
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