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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #271 - Can capitalism be democratic? (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Fri, 7 Apr 2017 10:31:10 +0300

With " business " catching up with more and more politicians (including Fillon, Le Pen and Macron), the " moralization of political life " or " real democracy" became more and more central in some leftist speeches. In Spain, where cases of corruption have multiplied, she is the spearhead of the Podemos party, which serves as a model for unbridled France and other formations in Europe. ---- Obviously, one can only criticize the concentration of power in the hands of the President of the Republic, passages in force with articles 49.3 as during labor law, the immunity most of the time show the politicians (Sarkozy Or the Balkans are good examples), the sidelining of small presidential and legislative candidates. ---- For all that, could there be an authentic democracy within the framework of capitalism ? Indeed, capitalism places the economic field " outside democracy ", in the hands of an unelected minority, with quasi-hereditary power: the capitalists. It is indeed the possession of the means of production which determines who directs.

Everything is intermingled today, and we see more and more big bosses or bankers returning to politics, like Macron, and openly defending the interests of banks and big companies. But even if, for example, a full proportional proportion were to be created, and this would allow the election of a government saying that it was independent of employers, it would soon be confronted with the following dilemma: either it would openly come into conflict with The capitalists, or he condemns himself to legislate only on peripheral questions which do not worry the employers.

But all the known examples show that it is never a government that takes the initiative of confronting capitalists, and that, on the contrary, they always find themselves moderating the conflict and capitulating, as at the time of the Front Popular in France, after the election of Allende in Chile or Tsipras in Greece more recently. We can make all the plans on " VI th Republic " or the " Democracy 2.0 ", if we do not resolve the question of economic power, we only stir the wind. And the capitalists will not allow themselves to be dispossessed without resistance, a revolution is therefore unavoidable. Sadly, the history of the XX th century that revolution still often rhyme with takeover by an enlightened minority in the ears of the exploited. For our part, we are betting on a project that is both anti-capitalist, revolutionary and democratic, based on the socialization of the means of production: libertarian communism.

Direct management

The means of production must be entrusted to the direct management of workers organized in assemblies of enterprises. Commune councils will be responsible for determining production needs while balancing production capacities with ecosystem preservation. These councils will be made up of elected members with a revocable mandate, and submitted to the decisions of the general assembly on major political decisions. These councils will appoint representatives on the same terms (mandates revocable and imperative) for the higher echelons (department, region, branch of industry ...).

In all revolutions, workers have spontaneously organized themselves in neighborhood and business councils, in complete independence from the governments in power. So much so that, as these councils gained strength and proved that they could organize society themselves, a situation of double power was established: the councils on the one hand, and the government on the other, could only succeed By the disappearance of one or the other.

Democracy and capitalism are incompatible. The question, therefore, is not to think about mechanisms that can make it democratic, but rather to convince the popular classes of the need for a class confrontation to change society, while organizing itself democratically now .

Grégoire (AL Orléans)

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