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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #270 - Point of view: NPA and LO: which program against capital? (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 5 Apr 2017 13:07:44 +0300

The two anti-capitalist parties that play the game of electoral strategy both claim to have an anti-capitalist transitional program. Does this program take into account the reality of capitalism and its laws? ---- The NPA (New Anti-Capitalist Party) and LO (Workers' Struggle) presented relatively similar programs, consisting of higher wages (Smic at 1700 euros net), reduction of working time (32 hours), suppression of tax Tax and VAT niches, the fight against tax evasion and financial taxation. They also propose measures such as the socialization of banks and major energy groups. Finally, there are also proposals such as the prohibition of redundancies, the opening of books of account, or the payment of the debt by the capitalists.

Capitalism and redistribution

Morally, these measures are fair because they aim to improve the living conditions of the vast majority of the population, but they underlie an analysis that the crisis is due to too much capitalist greed, which should be moderated Gluttony. It is certainly possible to say that the crisis, beyond a certain stage, has been aggravated by neoliberal policies[1]. In this case, all other things being equal, raising wages by puncturing the share of profits of capitalists not reinvested in production (hoarding, consumption of luxury goods, etc.), would stimulate the economy punctually.

However, by presenting only measures acting in the direction of the distribution of wealth, without addressing the problems of wealth production, LO and NPA seem not to take account of the problems and limitations of capital valuation More wealth, its growth).

To ignore this is not to understand that the resolution of the crisis of realization (the impossibility of transforming goods into capital by selling) would bring back to the initial situation of valorization crisis (lack of growth)[2], which was the cause Attacks on wages and against public services after the 1974 crisis[3]. Indeed, it may be thought that raising wages and banning redundancies will increase the solvent demand (more people will be able to buy goods) and will satisfy everyone: the employees who will be able to consume, and the Companies that will be able to sell and continue their profits. But it is unaware that the increase in wages is not compatible with growth, And that the latter is vital for capitalism. The share of the profits of a company that can be robbed is that of the personal income of the shareholders and managers (one agrees, they live in luxury). But one who returns to the company to buy more efficient machines (or any other investment in production) can not be robbed because of a crisis that was supposed to be solved.

Overaccumulation, banking and financial crises merely obscure the impasse in which the real economy finds itself, having made capital too productive for capitalism, causing more and more falling mass of value produced (more goods are produced But at increasingly low costs), while at the same time eliminating more and more living labor (the curve of real unemployment is not ready to reverse), and can only survive through the accumulation of " A mountain of unsolvable debts[4].

It is therefore useless to fight against banks and finance, except to reveal the fragility of the real economy and the need to abolish it. Indeed, as long as the structures of capitalism are maintained, the laws of value, the imperative of growth, and thus the possibilities of crises and their disastrous consequences for the working class are maintained. Even if wages were increased, working hours reduced, and even if the companies were managed directly by those who work there.

Knowing this, it is therefore completely useless to try to open the books of accounts to prove that "money, there are, in the pockets of the employers". And it is radically impossible to think of measures such as debt cancellation or the prohibition of dismissals, in the context of a capitalism in which the distribution of wealth has changed, or even of a state socialism which Would not have broken with commodification. It is necessary to move towards the radical abolition of capitalism and its structures today, tomorrow, always!

The problem of valorisation

The argument generally put forward not to mention the crisis of value is that it would be inaudible or too complicated to explain to the working class. The rapid rise of the masses should be promoted by emergency programs affecting the immediate interests of the proletarians, even if systemic criticism should be left aside.

Several problems arise here: revolutionary precipitation will not allow enough time to explain the root causes of crises to millions of people. Why put the working class before the fait accompli of the failure of a model to which it was aspired, then explain to it that it was predictable, and that we had another project in reserve?

On the other hand, the lack of understanding of the double crisis of capitalism and the emergence of crises within a socialist society could give back to the ideas of counter-revolutionary currents.

On the contrary, all anti-capitalist, communist, and libertarian communists should emphasize that the problem is not only the despoiling of wealth by the members of an evil and predatory class, but the increasingly profound incapacity Of a capitalist, commercial, competitive society to fulfill its objectives of valorization and expansion while satisfying the needs, and hence the impossibility for this system to eliminate the crises and their disastrous consequences. It would logically follow that it is not only the bosses, shareholders, financiers and bankers that must be fired. The whole system must be changed!

If LO and the NPA were to be 1 to 3 per cent, they would have little to lose from the arsenal of superfluous and confusing reformist proposals to simply propose the expropriation of the capitalists. The abolition of private ownership of the means of production, wage-earning and trading.

Floran Palin (AL Marne)

[1]Alain Bihr, "The catastrophic triumph of neoliberalism", to be read on alencontre.org.

[2]A.Bihr, "About an excess of surplus value," to read about alencontre.org.

[3]To complete the analysis, read: "Labor

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