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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #269 - ecology, Industrial wind power: a matter of networks (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Mon, 13 Mar 2017 13:35:32 +0200

France is participating in the European "effort" to increase the production of renewable energies. Wind turbines have been seen to flourish in the region, with more than doubling by 2023. However, they are the subject of local disputes, as in Saint-Victor-et-Melvieu, in Aveyron. ---- The State has taken the lead in fully exploiting its "wind resources" at several major sites. This has been done since 2013, in the form of an agreement between municipalities and farmers - a mayor accepts a project in return for the taxes imposed - all of which are overseen by the regions. Once the capacities have been assessed, the licenses distributed and the wind turbines constructed, they must be connected to the grid. Owned by the municipalities, almost the whole of this network is managed by RTE (Electricity transmission network), a subsidiary of EDF.

This system, with its public inquiries and other intermediaries, was considered to be too long and tedious, and was therefore simplified by the 2015 Energy Transition Act. It can be seen from the following Is the source of the resources, not the demand or concerns of the inhabitants[1]. A transfer of costs is made to the benefit of the overall energy mix at the expense of the municipalities, while a whole body of legislation is put in place to encourage the expansion of this system.

Colonization and defense

The south of the Massif Central is recognized as one of the great French wind deposits. In the early 2000s, projects began to take shape, and local committees of struggles or associations formed to defend the territories. These struggles are often called NIMBY (not in my backyard) by industrialists, because they put forward the defense of the landscape, the direct nuisances of wind turbines for humans and for animals.

The weakness of these struggles is that they are made in a fragmented way, in places and against different industrial colonizers. In Aveyron, following the announcement of the installation of a large electric transformer, a new wrestling collective was created in the commune of Saint-Victor: the Amassada[2]. The enemy this time is the same on all the sites, it is RTE, which decided to install several transformers in the region to which to connect all the wind turbines, one central (very high voltage or THT) that would serve to provide In electricity in particular Spain and Morocco.

The hut of the Amassada, place of struggle and sociability
The collective denounces the pointlessness of the project from the point of view of a region where the electricity needs are covered by the hydroelectric. In addition, the owner of the installations (the commune) will have to relieve a small million euros, reflected on the invoice of subscribers of the network. However, the infrastructure is not only costly but also more harmful than the municipality will shelter.

This is a very common and yet curious product of the mentality of "green" capitalism: wind becomes a resource, a resource that is marketable (or "shareable" for positive minds). Except at Saint-Victor, the question of the superposition of productions (and therefore their impact) is raised. If a municipality has water and wind in abundance, must it necessarily submit to the collective interest? Even if it is to suffer the consequences?

For the State and EDF, the issue is resolved. They have enumerated in the energy transition law that electricity would be the energy of tomorrow (whether nuclear, wind or solar), the only question to be solved is transport. The current owner of RTE, François Brottes, was the editor of this law, he was able to put all the arrangements advantageous for the development of EDF. For example, the "simplification" of the procedures for setting up the network, which means that the public consultation has little value (in Saint-Victor it was simply a matter of deciding which ground would be sacrificed).

And worse: until 2012, EDF valued infrastructure on the Stock Exchange as part of its property capital, while the municipalities were the real owners. This situation having been made illegal, François Brottes restored it. In 2014, it was he who had passed the decree of landfill of waste to Bure. At this level, we can not therefore speak distinctly of renewable or fossil energies ... it is the "great mix".

Increase in the electric fleet

During the cold January wave we could hear Minister of the Environment Segolene Royal on the subject: "It is no longer a question of ending nuclear power, it is only by the convergence of energies that, We manage to pass the winter. " So no more for dismantling, but the increase of the electric park by adding provenance. This is probably the only answer that these vandals are able to state in the face of the urgency of energy sobriety. In this global context, Amassada called for a major demonstration against "the transformer with a thousand wind turbines" on 21 January 2017.

At the stage of the process of installation of the transformer, only the prefect's agreement is needed to kick-start the work. In response, on January 21st in Rodez, 400 people mobilized and made a procession through the city, to the rhythm of an anti-RTE choir. The Amassada had for the occasion built a "dragon of caddies" full of rubbish, which they left a memory before the prefecture to symbolically bury the project. Caricatures of the main protagonists of the project (and José Bové, very involved in the wind) were hung on a false electric pylon.

Several collectives took the floor to accuse the elected officials who ignore them, as well as members of the government like Ségolène Royal, about the "big mix" so much touted - when there is no wind on the Lévézou plateau To the seventy-four wind turbines! For any reply, the mobile gendarmes gassed the demonstration. Yet, anger is legitimate, especially on what wind power should bring to the communities concerned. Today they know only the tax increases, while a neighboring municipality, without wind turbines, has been able to set up infrastructures for collective purposes like a grocery store ... Energy must remain a service of local development, And not of international speculation.

Reinette drowned (AL Aveyron)

[1]See Alternative libertarian No. 244: "Industrial wind: The wind is money" .

[2]More information on https://douze.noblogs.org

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