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(en) [Ecuador] The Shuar against the State and Capital By ANA (pt) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 8 Mar 2017 12:28:04 +0200


For the Ecuadorian philosopher Bolivar Echeverria modern life is based on an absurdity: ---- " ... a way of life in which, amidst the possibility of abundance, reproducing itself is at the same time mutilating, sacrificing, oppressing and exploiting one another." ---- That is to say, the current technical and social possibilities are such that allow us to reach the long-awaited Sumak Kawsay (the full life of all beings that inhabit this planet). But, "the curse of abundance" is that despite this, today's society generates, consumes, reproduces social wealth by destroying its two main sources: humans and nature. ---- Historically, we have become peoples and cultures, each of which has particular characteristics as a result of different ways of relating human work to nature and of meaning that experience, that is, of creating a certain type of society. But, in addition, as peoples and individuals, they are possessed of a particular characteristic: the "Ruray - ushay", the capacity to do, to build, to create, both individual and above all collectively. This, for many, would be the ability or characteristic that makes us humans and away from the animal (although never totally). On the other hand, there is nature - Allpamama - as material sustenance for the reproduction of peoples and cultures, but also as a source of meanings and knowledge that has accompanied the long process of production of the different human societies in history,

These two sources of social wealth are destroyed under capitalism to accumulate values. It destroys the nature and cultures of the world to sustain the opulent life of a small group of people in the world. This absurdity, as Echeverria says, is observed when we look at the current offensive of transnational mining in various territories of Shuar nationality, aggression against peoples, their ways of life, and their means of social reproduction: the Amazon jungle.

But the history of the expansion of capitalism has never been exempt from its corresponding resistance, for what generates wealth (the doing) and those who take ownership are necessarily united: "there is no capital, there is no accumulation possible, no human creators, doers" . The Shuar, a warlike people, has sovereignly inhabited the southern Ecuadorian and Northeastern Amazon for centuries, long before the nation states were built ignoring, as everywhere in Abya Yala, the presence of native nations. The role that the government is playing in front of the Chinese mining companies shows the actuality of racism and the coloniality of a state that despises the immemorial presence of the indigenous peoples. When President Correa says that in these territories there were no ancestral peoples, he merely voiced an old ideology according to which the Amazon was a wasteland, and therefore available for exploitation. At the same time, Correa speaks for this historic mission of the colonial states of America: to build a single nation overcoming the presence of the original peoples.

In this sense, the struggle of the Shuar nation is directly against the colonial state, against this structure of domination that has served to subdue the indigenous peoples in the name of the good of a nation that never recognized in practice the historical plurality of that country. His struggle shows the violence that this colonial state must exert against the different peoples to try to consolidate and culminate this inconclusive and inevitable process that says "a State - a Nation". At the same time, his struggle shows the "actuality of plurality" as a project of overcoming these political structures that do not allow the territorial self-determination of indigenous nationalities and their own historicity. The Plurinational State - as the anthropologist Rita Segato suggests - must be a guarantee of the reshaping and self-determination of peoples, of the "return of history, Of the capacity of each people to unfold their own historical project. " And this is precisely what is at stake in the struggle of the Shuar people against the extractive policy of this government.

But, moreover, the aggression of the Chinese mining transnationals on Shuar territory show another dimension of the struggle, this time against savage capitalism. In the capitalist world, according to Bolivar Echeverría, the reproduction of the social life of all people is made possible subordinately to the logic of accumulation of capital. Human beings, as individuals and peoples, fail to fully determine their mode of social reproduction, but live it in an alienated way.

" ... because its natural process of reproduction does not obey its own telos capable of synthesizing it, but to someone else who is the 'cosmic' telos of value installed as self-affirming subject, which is valued: the telos of accumulation Capitalist ".

In simpler terms, the logic of capital does not allow people to freely decide their collective way of life, but rather imposes on it a life that serves mainly the accumulation of wealth for a few. In this logic, nature and human beings become things, goods that are bought, sold, consumed, exploited. The struggle of the Shuar people against the great capitalist mining is also against this speculative logic, it is a struggle to keep open the possibilities of being subjects, to be able to decide the terms of historical coexistence outside the constraints of capital, Next to Sachamama (jungle). The Shuar resistance to the great Chinese mining thus defies the control of capital over the human being, peoples and nature. It shows that people over time are not only victims of capitalist aggression and the colonial state, but that deep down we are - despite the effects of domination - people who struggle every day to build a path that allows us to concretize our own projects of society. It is a bet for the possibility of being free.

Inti Cartuche Vacacela

Source: https://periodicoacracia.wordpress.com/2017/02/08/acracia-62los-shuar-contra-el-estado-y-el-capital/

Translation> KaliMar

https://periodicoacracia.wordpress.com/2017/02/08/acracia-62los-shuar-contra-el-estado-y-el-capital/
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