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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #258 (Feb) - antiracism, Police: ethnic profiling sheets in training (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]
Sun, 6 Mar 2016 11:35:14 +0200
Saturday, January 2 on Mediapart appeared an article on police training publishing sheets
for police trainees. A state racism condensed uninhibited that essentializes populations
and explains a lot about the behavior of repressive forces in the neighborhoods. ---- For
dozens of years that are denounced racial profiling, statistics show they do not diminish.
Common sense, some would say especially within the police, the majority of offenders are
from the minorities of African origin, it is normal to control more assiduously. A
population is targeted as delinquent in power, there is the racialization: a set of
individuals is socially constituted as race, which has the primary effect of criminalizing
them. ---- See this process at work in police training when it addresses the problem of
"sociocultural standards of major foreign communities living in France," as one of the
forms published by Mediapart. The reporter of the news website notes a "laudable goal"
despite an approach "culturalist" and some "non avoided stereotypes." Let's see what it is.
The Mediapart article: "Police Schools in full swing" (2 January 2016)
"Them" and "us"
The third part of this form example explains how to "integrate social and cultural norms
of the population from the Maghreb." The first principle of understanding of these
standards: "The daily life of Muslims is marked by the precepts from religion, which is
difficult to understand for us who have developed legal standards which we say that they
are representative and founding of a secular and democratic republic. " The tone is set:
there are" them "and" us. "
Muslims and Muslim religious beliefs that lock them in their particularism, and "we", the
universal republican values. The idea of a clash of civilizations underlying detail is
clearly stated. But the author or authors of the plug, nobility, remember still that
"beginning of the Christian era" also our life was religious. We might as well say that
"as we were cannibals before the Neolithic" ... Trend falsely respectful but really racist
to want to put Europe at the top of the ladder of history, claiming the set at the same
level as the other by giving them a place on the same scale.
Islam is then described as a "recent religion": infantilization of Muslim native
reminiscent of the old colonial administrative circulars. Very soon also be noted that
secularism is an old process in European history. Nevermind the fact that the record
evokes Louis XIV - who revoked the Edict of Nantes, promulgated by Henri IV, who was a
first step toward tolerance of the Protestant worship - as having "launched a first effort
secularized legal codification ": when one is so high on the scale of history look down
dizzying. So we forgive this historic blunder our budding climbers.
It continues with a presentation of the history of Islam and its practice will focus on
the attitude of "Muslims" against women, which will crystallize much of the plug, up to
assert that " in essence, in principle, women are in an inferior position in Muslim
society compared to men, which is not without its problems in our societies tend to
egalitarianism. " the term has been laid, speaks of gasoline, that is to say which is
clean and eternal and immutable way a category.
Islam is sexist patriarchal by nature, while "our companies" - hear "we whites" - would be
egalitarian. Is it necessary to recall the patriarchal structure of our societies "we"
whites? It's amazing how a revolutionary and emancipatory movement (feminism) can be
diverted and recovered as an instrument of domination.
Then we learn for example that "marriage (Muslim) is rarely made by the girl": no need to
source or Fact Checker, in order to differentiate a universalist and egalitarian culture
in a barbaric and oppressive culture.
circular colonial style
Continue: "In essence, every Muslim knows a member of a large family. "
Mean by that their solidarity between "them". The idea of family solidarity foolproof
between the members of a community of which is to show how it is foreign and incompatible
with the nation has a history aftertaste fascist who is struggling to pass: a distrust
Semitism existed in a Charles Maurras since the Dreyfus affair. The problem is precisely
that this type of card "pass", that is to say, to be broadcast in police training centers
without hindrance, without conscientious objection, without the awareness of the racism of
its content (or although civil society is it so outrageous by racism State that accedes
The contrast between two civilizations is even the opportunity of the most abject
rapprochement between circumcision (removal of the foreskin, without affecting the genital
development and sexuality, sometimes performed for medical reasons) and excision (removal
of the clitoris, which the consequences on the genital development and sexuality have
hardly need to be made): "in general, we can consider that circumcision and excision are
acts that make sense because the one brand to stand out; the reasoning is the opposite of
that of western civilizations tend towards egalitarianism equality (it eliminates
differences). This is clearly mark the difference between men and women. " As if sexual
difference and patriarchy resulting were not also structural in" our "society ...
Finally, the highlight of racialization happens, criminalization: "The relationship with
the law and its representatives was a strong sense among the first generation immigrants,
despite their difficulty in understanding that the republican law is not that of Koran.
The situation has changed and we know what is today the behavior of community youth in
difficult neighborhoods including that of boys vis-à-vis female faculty members. We will
not dwell in this field because this is a clearly identified problem. "
No need to dwell on this field, it is well known that Muslims are criminals, unlike their
parents they do not even respect the Qur'anic morality, and they mistreat teachers. From
an administrative circular colonial style we went to the style of the nineteenth century
criminologists, who think to find in the biological criteria of race the source of crime.
The criteria of the breed are not organic, they are cultural, but they work the same way,
producing a set of racialized and criminalized individuals.
The races are well made, and the record is careful to distinguish between "Arabs" of
"populations from sub-Saharan Africa." If the Arab is violent, the Black is stupid and
archaic, that ignominy professed to just words covered through the story of a "Senegalese
mason": "Having been quickly paid for his work, he, the old leader of the Muslim family,
had given to our fellow small animal horn containing a chapter of the Quran and recapped
using a ... chewing gum; he had recommended to bury the object in the front garden of his
home and had told him that this would effectively make him stay forever in this house. "
The anecdote may be intended to laugh, but a laugh of superiority, at worst we laugh full
of contempt and mockingly from the one who seems lower, the better (it does nothing better
in reality) as they laughed condescendingly of a child and his jokes. If the archaism of a
belief is measured by its total lack of concordance with the facts, then burying believe
chewing gum makes eternal is as archaic to think that the police repression prevents what
it is supposed to suppress.
Production of race
The result was enough to make "born in itself knife blades" in the words of Frantz Fanon
in Black Skin, White Masks. Because blacks are not only subject to archaic beliefs, they
talk, and they talk loudly: "In terms of social relations, Africans attach great
importance to the debate and speech; they take the time to discuss, exchanges are loud and
demonstrative. Some form of fatalism color their view of things, which is largely imbued
with diverse beliefs and superstition. Beyond a certain apparent indifference, they often
show pride and the susceptibility of people who recommend Islam. "
Besides being noisy, they have in common with the "Arabs" to be capable, and be offenders:
"It is in the centers of young" Blacks "suburban problems that are currently the most
critical, boys willingly adhering to the subculture of street movement after American
hip-hop and values of lies and violence inherent in it. " The " subculture street "
represented by the " Ebony " is opposed to the on-white culture. He should have added that
"lies and violence" Blacks should oppose love and brotherhood whites.
Love and brotherhood going to the batons of néopoliciers who have at heart to imitate
their elders in their targeted violence. Well trained, they will know who to hit. And
although the Muslim men and women are the main targets of this racialization, the "people
of Southeast Asia," the plug then more conveniently called the "Chinese" are criminalized:
"They are found in many of clandestine activities of textile manufacturing or trafficking
of drugs. "
Now it is surprising indulgence of the author of the article (which has the merit of
having published this record) that sees only "stereotypes". These are more than just
stereotypes, that is to say coarse descriptions of reality. There is no question in this
form to describe a reality but to produce it. The races have not gone away. Not that they
have always existed in our genes, but are the product of a political racialization, with
The state is benefiting a scapegoat serves to consolidate the nation united around a
common enemy, a cheap labor used to do the dirty work (without papers is even better, it
does there is even no need to go through the box destruction of the Labour code, which
does not apply to), class domination is reinforced with a dominating race, racist
denunciation of sexism and patriarchy of racialized es used to hide the kind of domination
of the bourgeois state, sexist and racist, criminalization of legitimate race the
existence of a policy for suppressing any hint emancipatory, whether of class, gender or sex .
Fear of denaturation
Finally, end up the most abject, the barely veiled desire of losing these breeds of
overpopulation responsible: "Finally it is important not to forget is that the return home
is only a myth and that we will deal with all these people who will return either in
Africa or elsewhere because the host country has become one of the children and the "first
generation" has accommodated the disadvantages associated with a difficult integration as
benefits are as many patterns of no return. Note lastly that the demographic curve of our
country is positive only because women's fertility rates of North African and African
origin. However, it must indicate that the rate was 8 for Women Maghreb twenty years ago;
it came down to 4 today; one can think that will be the same for people from sub-Saharan
Africa in the coming years. "
It is well said that "their return is only a myth." This expresses the contradiction of
any procedure of state racialization: it tends to desire the disappearance of what it has
itself made, but the state needs these breeds to keep as repressive state. That's why this
back, although a desired part, is impracticable.
It falls at the end in the deepest abjection when women's fertility "Maghreb" and
"African" is mentioned. We do not know where to take it. On the one hand, and the author
of the Mediapart precise, the numbers are entirely invented, and there is no significant
difference between "their" fecundity and "ours." But then this evocation is fraught with
meaning: the fear of denaturation of a nation by the demographic peril reminds some Nazi
With this training we should not be surprised of racial profiling and police "blunders" on
racisé.es But with such racialization, it does not surprise then the effects it produces,
fundamentalism being one of the multiple effects, once said that explanations of
fundamentalism does not involve disempower individuals who make this choice. One thing is
to judge individual responsibility, another is to seek social conditions favoring a type
Bernard Goujon (LA Toulouse)
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