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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #257 (Jan) - Brazil: for twenty years, anarchism is rooted with FAG (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Sat, 27 Feb 2016 19:00:35 +0200

On 21 and 22 November was held the anniversary of the Gaucha Anarchist Federation (FAG) in Porto Alegre. Two days of exchange and discussions on practices of this organization and anarchism in Brazil. The opportunity to return to the course of "especifismo" in South America. ---- In the middle of a small park of Porto Alegre center stands a red and black banner, which is traced in white letters the inscription "Feria Libertaria, FAG-CAB 20 anos." This is where the Gaucha Anarchist Federation installed its book fair and workshops involving the militant middle of Porto Alegre and many Brazilian organizations and other countries. Books, brochures, posters, T-shirts printed across the continent spread over the makeshift stands. Under a tent, people sit in a circle to listen and discuss with activists came es anarchists present their thoughts, activities or the situation of their respective countries.

These are two days of workshops and meetings (plenary union, women and international) intense that culminated during the evening of the 20 years in which successive speakers and female speakers of the Uruguayan Anarchist Federation (FAU), the Federation anarchist Rosario (FAR), the Brazilian Anarchist Coordination (CAB) and of course the FAG. Those will have skilfully analyze the Brazilian economic environment, Latin American and world, giving to see the challenges, the anarchist current positionings and strategies from the "especifismo" [1]. The strength of speech, emotion and excitement aroused by "los arriba that Luchan" resumed in chorus by the assembly gave way in the late evening to a joyful feast, cordial and lively exchanges among activists, who never tire of discussing the current society and the new world they and they dream.

A social integration on different fronts of struggle

The FAG born in 1995 in Porto Alegre, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, and is one of the first organizations spécifistes Brazil. It is inspired by its big sister FAU, founding organization of spécifiste current. Today, it is present in four regions of the state and is invested on different fronts of struggle. The most important is the community or territorial front of struggle, that is to say work in neighborhoods and the most vulnerable populations. For this, the FAG has a particularly libertarian athénée which organize different activities: public education, awareness raising, training (eg with libertarian Library The Conquest of Bread), self-defense courses, sewing workshops, but also access to products of peasant agriculture, grown and distributed by a "assentamento [2]" of the Landless Workers' Movement (MST) ... indeed many activists and militants of the FAG have also invested in the struggles es rural and land reclamation.

The Athenaeum is also one of solidarity and struggles of coordination space: here find themselves collectives, such as those for the struggle of black people, feminist collectives or support the Kurdish revolution ... there are found Activists to conduct neighborhood struggles, central axis of social integration for FAG, whose early struggles were particularly organize the "recyclers and reclaimers [3]" of Porto Alegre.

Moreover, the FAG also invests in student and labor fronts. Indeed, in recent years, Brazil has experienced a radicalization of the union bases that led many strikes beyond the control of bureaucratic leaderships and sometimes mafia. Around the FAG find themselves sympathizers and activists of different fronts of struggle in a "trend" called Popular Resistance, real tool of spécifiste strategy which converge the struggles of different sectors.

A convergence effort which allowed the past to transform into true union struggles neighborhood struggles, as in the education sector for example. These twenty years of FAG construction were accompanied by the development of other organizations at national level and gave birth to the Brazilian Anarchist Coordination (CAB) in 2012. On a territory of France sixteen times, developing federalism n ' However no small matter. The CAB represents a process of building a theoretical and practical common line, strengthening grassroots organizations particularly by supporting new groups and mutual support. A support also common practice among Latin American organizations, with the aim of developing spécifiste power on the continent.

The strategy of spécifisme

The spécifisme is a clean anarchist current in South America. Developed in the 1960s by FAU, he mainly draws its theoretical origins in the writings of Bakunin and Malatesta (the latter being exiled to Argentina). Two central axes based this current: the specific organization of anarchists and practice / social inclusion [4].

The first axis emphasizes the need to organize themselves politically as a cohesive group, in order to act in the social movement with an expression, a practice and a libertarian ethic. The social inclusion concept, meanwhile, refers to the particular history of Brazil which reached, in 1930, a decline of the anarchist movement in "cultural and intellectual circles" at the expense of activity in motion social and trade union.

This is therefore a return to the class struggle anarchist-organized and are not a form of infiltration, as can practice some organizations of the authoritarian left.

The organization must be a small motor of social struggle, to support the creation of popular power: spécifistes then are betting a strong people rather than a strong organization. People power is built from the ground up, through what spécifistes call the front of the oppressed classes, recognizing the existence of different forms of oppression, whether economic, gender, race or according to the social category (the peasantry, the unemployed, the workers, etc.). This translates into an investment of activists in front of struggle with their own claims (eg district, student, union, rural ...) where they and they participate in the emergence of spaces are constructed and solidarity convergences of various fronts of struggle. "People in the street to resist and to fight, the people who advance to the popular power. "

Caminando Las Luchas

[1] This means that the specific anarchist organization, word which we translate roughly as "spécifisme".

[2] Land recovered by the MST.

[3] People in very precarious who collect recyclable waste in the street to sell them.

[4] To deepen understanding of the current spécifiste see: FARJ, social anarchism and organization, Brasero Social Publishing, 2013.

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