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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #257 (Jan) - Brazil: Against the criminalization of abortion, legalization! (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Sat, 27 Feb 2016 19:00:27 +0200

End of 2015, Brazil experienced a major feminist movement following a legislative proposal to further restrict abortion and emergency contraception. Against attacks from conservatives and their churches, the Brazilians have shown that they do not intend to let them decide. ---- The issue of abortion in Brazil has long been discussed by both feminist movements that the conservative fringe of the country. Indeed, abortion is still widely perceived by the majority of Brazilian and Brazilian as a crime, as confirmed by the penal code, which stipulates that "any person having an abortion by yourself or allowing another person to help is likely to receive a sentence of three years detention. " However, abortion in Brazil was hitherto was legal when performed by a doctor in the following three situations: if the pregnancy poses a risk to the life of the mother, when the pregnancy is the result of a rape and when the fetus is a carrier of anencephaly (partial or complete absence of the brain, skull and scalp). It is only in these cases that the Brazilian government provides this service for free via the SUS - Single Health System.

On the other hand, abortion is not criminalized when carried outside national territory. It is also possible to have an abortion in private clinics, but again to choose a price: about five minimum salaries. Suffice to say that only rich women can afford an abortion without risking their lives. A bill (1135) had been proposed in 1991 by two MP's Workers Party (PT, the ruling party) and was intended to legalize abortion. This one has yet been passed in May 2008 by the Chamber of Deputies! Before being rejected by the committee of citizenship and justice has ruled 57 votes against and 4.

The question of the legalization of abortion has long passed into oblivion ... However, in 2013, approximately 865,000 women who have had recourse to abortion illegally in Brazil, in more than precarious conditions, the consequences of their health are irreparable. Indeed, about 205,000 of them have had to be hospitalized due to post-abortion complications. For others it is death: a Brazilian woman dies every two days following an illegal abortion. On the other hand, the schooling of a large part of the population and the lack of information and access to contraceptive methods dramatically increases the number of unwanted pregnancies. Here again it is the poorest women, most of whom are black women, who suffer from this lack of access to contraception and must resort to clandestine abortion, putting their lives in danger for not children they can not afford to raise.

Reactionary thrust

The role of churches and various religious currents present in Brazil, especially néopentecôtistes is not to be neglected. Indeed, they are very present throughout the territory, including in the popular neighborhoods and dump their anti-abortion and anti-feminist nauseating propaganda. Abortion is thus seen primarily as a religious debate within society. Recently reinforced by the protests of the opposition and conservative right against the government of Dilma Rousseff, itself mired in corruption scandals and social conflicts, some reactionary deputies decided to wear a big blow to the legislation on abortion.

Indeed, the president of the Chamber of Deputies, Eduardo Cunha, an evangelical belonging to a Pentecostal church, has just passed a law (5069), which aims both to limit abortion in cases of rape, including seeking women to prove that they were raped by complaining and submitting to a medical examination, likely to provide "proof" of rape ... all say that this is simply to ban abortion rape, since many women will make this step? What about marital rape? How many women will be considered as actually raped by many doctors are against abortion? According to the Institute of Bioethics, Human Rights and Gender, 36% of women who resort to legal abortions are children and girls who have suffered sexual violence, often in their entourage, as it ' is usually the case for rape.

As if that were not enough, the anti-abortion law also plans to increase the penalties for the use and assistance to abortion (between 4 and 8 years and for the professional-s-5-10 year prison sentences may be increased by one third if the woman miscarrying is minor) and to ban the morning-after pill. What do women must be justified? To have the right to decide? That their body belongs to them?

Feminist Spring

It is with anger and rage that the Brazilians went out into the streets to protest against yet another attack waged against them. Late last year, they were hundreds walking next to women's groups, associations and organizations of the social movement, in large cities such as Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Belo Horizonte and in twenty states country. They demand the legalization of abortion and that one stops to legislate on their uterus. They were raped or not, they have the right to choose whether they want to be mothers or not. Chanting "Out Cunha" or "Legalize! O corpo é nosso! É nossa escolha! É pela vida das mulheres! "Brazilian women have demonstrated over the steps and actions that they do not let do. So much so that some newspapers did not hesitate to nickname the feminist movement Spring. It must be said that since 2013 the huge movement against the rising price of transport and against social cleansing generated by the World Cup, the Brazilian social movement struggled to regain momentum worthy of the name.

These feminist demonstrations show a return to fighting, even if the reactionaries are tough guys ... Cunha The law has passed, but the feminist struggle does not end there and the resistance is organized every day, so that women continue have the choice, taking the minimum of risk.

Rio de Janeiro Anarchist activists and the international commission of AL

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