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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #256 (Dec) - social, Public service employment: employment center in tune with bosses (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Fri, 15 Jan 2016 09:55:15 +0200

Employment center provides less its public service missions. Became the pharmacy employers responsible for drawing up the unemployed, everything leads to believe that a large part of its business will be privatized and never let a state trust devoted to core social control of the unemployed judged less employable. ---- Employment center, like all public services in France and Europe continues its slow degradation. Result of the merger of ANPE and Assedic, the institution is gradually diverted from its original missions. This merger is the result of a kind of reversal of its structures at the service of employers' organizations with the complicity of some of the unions. ---- One of these organizations is emblematic CFDT. Convinced from the 1980s that capitalism is the unsurpassable horizon of humanity, it operates a rapprochement with the CNPF - the ancestor of MEDEF - and accesses the joint chairmanship of Unédic in 1993 through its Secretary General Nicole Notat.

Unédic defines the conventions implemented by the Assedic. The reorganization of these conventions this critical reversal that initiates increased the worker and the worker are private-victim status of employment of the capitalist economic system than responsible for his situation. This new design of the unemployed person's responsibility and the unemployed will also be required at the ANPE. Public service originally assigned to accompany job seekers in developing their career plans, it will gradually turn into a state dispensary responsible for their control and their subordination to the demands of the market.

A public service dévoyé

This change accompanies consistently mutations of employment policies. Since the turn of the 2000s, public policies - European as French - incentives to encourage hiring by social and tax exemptions. The analysis of public powers on the observation that the problem lies not in labor demand - there are vacancies in sufficient quantity - but a problem of supply - the assets are inadequate to the market - and hiring incentive: the work is too expensive. Thus, from the 1990s and the 2000s, was gradually redesigned the place of the public employment service (PES). It was within an outdated paradigm and should be reduced to its simplest expression: social control of the unemployed, their subordination to market requirements and justification of the structural policies of dismantling of labor law.

Generalization control

Above all, we must ensure that the SPE the lowest cost possible. And that was the primary objective of creating employment center. The goal was to achieve operational savings. And despite the economic crisis of 2008, the general reorganization of the work to the employment center and revenues of new public management would actually do wonders. Indeed, the crisis has led to higher unemployment 70% between 2009 and 2015. Faced with this explosion of-using and users, senior management of employment center would not increase - over the same period - the overall budget only 4% and only 15% effective. So of course, they are public service missions and the quality of the service which took a big hit.

Thus, a major reorganization of the work is being implemented since 2008 to achieve significant budgetary savings. All services are gradually being dematerialized. In 2016, the user himself will liquidate its claim file, ensuring today entrusted to the employment center agents work. Beware of users who have the misfortune of making mistakes in the information of the requested information or simply have a little more complicated issues than the average.

The training workshops on job search techniques are also replaced by virtual courses on the Internet. Finally, we generalize the support for web. Anyway, workloads by employment center counselor or advisor explode. So the general direction of the unemployed regularly rearranges the monitoring arrangements to support the phasing out of support missions. It is far personalized monthly monitoring which was introduced by Dominique de Villepin and quickly abandoned for lack of resources.

But management of employment center compensates for this widespread disruption accompanying assignments by widespread control procedures. Since November 2015, transferred advisors - already understaffed - to dedicated teams of flicage seekers and job-seekers. These monitoring teams, in addition to strengthening the criminalization of the unemployed, always suspected of being responsible for their situation, allow hammering the need to accept job offers ever more poorly paid and increasingly precarious, pulling the same suddenly all employees working conditions down.

Privatization of services

The next stage in progress, it is that of the privatization of most of the activity. In early 2015, the French Parliament has ratified Convention 181 of the International Labour Organisation (ILO). This agreement allows the SPE tendering by private bodies. At the same time, new labor organizations require employment center agents to transfer asylum and more autonomous job seekers to private providers. Previously, private providers were accompanying some of the asylum and job seekers in difficulty. Those judged autonomous were left to themselves. What does this reorganization monitoring? Now that ILO Convention 181 is ratified, it takes the implementing decrees. Meanwhile, you get used to assign the most appropriate wage earners in the market to private providers. Once past decrees, we can officially privatize the SPE while keeping a core under the supervision of the State who will control and training of the unemployed the less employable.

For Policy Alternatives

These developments - in tune with the times, in different public services in France and in Europe - degrade working conditions of staff employment center. Proof of sick leave doubled since the merger in 2008. However, alternative employment policies are possible and shares drastic reduction of working hours, abolition of unemployment by maintaining the employment contract in the event of dismissal, reorganization of the economy and job creation through the energy transition and the drain on profits. And employment center could become the major operator of these transformations within an SPE refounded... pending the abolition of capitalism and wage labor!

François Molinier (AL Paris Northeast)

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