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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #256 (Dec) - Daech: genealogy of a jihadist state (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 13 Jan 2016 10:14:15 +0200

Originally from Daech ago the Iraq war started in 2003 under the aegis of the United States - and in which the French government at the time had refused to engage. It is indeed in the chaos caused by the collapse of Saddam Hussein's regime created what Al Qaeda in Mesopotamia. Salafist jihadist organization headed by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi will be known by harassing the American occupation army of suicide attacks and almost daily attacks. From this time the bonds are formed, in American jails, among them former officers of the Baathist power and the future leaders of Daech. ---- In 2011, when the United States eventually to withdraw from Iraq, leaving the Iraqi army billions of dollars of military equipment, the Islamic State of Iraq (EII), into which melted Al Qaeda in Mesopotamia, approximately 5000 men. It is a part of those men who, from the beginning of the Syrian revolution, join the Al-Nosra Front to fight Assad and conquer hegemony within the armed opposition.

Thanks to its financial resources, its military organization and its methodical cruelty, EII manages to extend to Syria and proclaimed Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (EIIL, also designated by the acronym or the ISIS Arabic equivalent Daech). Therefore, the objective is not only to engage in jihad but to introduce a new political power and impose Islamic law on the conquered territories.

In June 2013, Daech takes control of Raqqa and submits the population through terror: political opponents often suffer cruel punishments of up to beheading or crucifixion. Raqqa becomes the unofficial capital of EIIL who in June 2014, launched his troops to Mosul, in northern Iraq. The city is taken almost without fighting following the mass desertion of Iraqi soldiers who leave behind the American military equipment brand new.

On 29 June 2014, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the emir of EIIL proclaims the Caliphate on a territory of about 200 000 km² straddles Syria and Iraq. It is this state jihadist who is now the target of the international coalition.

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